Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
157,606
0.328% 1-year growth
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
37.8
1.07% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
16.3%
2.43% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$60,027
9.25% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$193,400
17.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
76,155
0.413% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI had a population of 158k people with a median age of 37.8 and a median household income of $60,027. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI grew from 157,091 to 157,606, a 0.328% increase and its median household income grew from $54,944 to $60,027, a 9.25% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (53.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (23.7%), White (Hispanic) (4.88%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.87%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (4.86%).

15.8% of the households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.9% of the residents in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are Oakland University (4,706 degrees awarded in 2022), Marketti Academy of Cosmetology (85 degrees), and Port Huron Cosmetology College (38 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was $193,400, and the homeownership rate was 57.9%.

Most people in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI is home to a population of 158k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 9.33% of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (14.7k people).

In 2022, there were 2.26 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.4k people) in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.7k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are Spanish (13,043 households), Hmong (1,306 households), and Hindi (1,206 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
79,800
Women
50.5%
78,187
Men
49.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 157,987 inhabitants, with 49.5% men, and 50.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

93.9%
2022 Citizenship
93.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.9% of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was 93.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    84.4k ± 1.87k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    37.3k ± 1.85k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    7.7k ± 1.06k
13%
Hispanic Population
20.5k people

In 2022, there were 2.26 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.4k people) in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.7k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

13% of the people in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are hispanic (20.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    4,638 ± 1,647 people
  2. India
    2,242 ± 1,154 people
  3. Laos
    680 ± 639 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 4,638 Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI residents, followed by India with 2,242 and Laos with 680.

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Foreign-Born Population

9.33%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
14.7k people
9.88%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
15.5k people

As of 2022, 9.33% of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI residents (14.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was 9.88%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    13,043 households (8.81%)
  2. Hmong
    1,306 households (0.882%)
  3. Hindi
    1,206 households (0.815%)

15.8% of the households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was Spanish. 8.81% of the households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,799 ± 269
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,171 ± 344
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,013 ± 252

Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI employs 76.2k people. The largest industries in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (8,413 people), Restaurants & Food Services (6,437 people), and Construction (4,370 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($148,271), National security & international affairs ($133,279), and Management of companies & enterprises ($126,959).

Males in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,147. The income inequality in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.463, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
36,606
Women
49.1%
38,016
Men
50.9%

The workforce of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI in 2020 was 74,622 people, with 49.1% woman, and 50.9% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI.

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Occupations

76.2k
2022 Value
−0.413%
1 Year decline
± −0.413%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI declined at a rate of −0.413%, from 76.5k employees to 76.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI, are Mechanical engineers (2,902 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,269 people), and Other assemblers and fabricators (1,928 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

76.2k
2022 Value
−0.413%
1 Year decline
± −0.413%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI declined at a rate of −0.413%, from 76.5k employees to 76.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (8,413 people), Restaurants & Food Services (6,437 people), and Construction (4,370 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,172
Median earning men ± $1,949
$34,339
Median earning women ± $1,451

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($86,096), Information ($83,447), and Manufacturing ($68,534).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($55,931), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,878), and Manufacturing ($43,480).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI awarded 4,834 degrees. The student population of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 6,848 male students and 9,355 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are White (3,487 and 76.1%), followed by Black or African American (289 and 6.31%), Asian (283 and 6.18%), and Hispanic or Latino (201 and 4.39%).

The largest universities in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Oakland University (4,706 and 97.4%), Marketti Academy of Cosmetology (85 and 1.76%), and Port Huron Cosmetology College (38 and 0.786%).

The most popular majors in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI are Registered Nursing (520 and 10.8%), Other Health Professions & Related Clinical Sciences (246 and 5.09%), and Mechanical Engineering (231 and 4.78%).

The median tuition cost in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI for a public four year colleges is $15,723 for in-state students and $24,735 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 90.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 21.2%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 16,203 (42.3% men and 57.7% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 16,203 students enrolled in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI, 42.3% men and 57.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 11,064 records, of which 57.9% were women and 42.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 520 degrees awarded
  2. 246 degrees awarded
  3. 198 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was Registered Nursing with 520 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,706 degrees awarded
  2. 85 degrees awarded
  3. 38 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Oakland University with 4,706 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,894 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI, which is 0.644 times less than the 2,940 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 3,487 degrees mean that there were 12.1 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 289 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($15,723) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.448% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.668% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (38.5k), Some college (32.3k), and Bachelors Degree (20.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was $193,400 in 2022, which is 0.686 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $164,000 to $193,400, a 17.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI is 57.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 24.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI is $60,027. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

Property

$193,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,983
$38,899
Median Property Taxes
±$1,444

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

57.9%
Homeownership
2022
62.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 57.9% of the housing units in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$60,027
Median Household Income
± $2,081
67.2k
Number of Households
± 2,078

In 2022, the median household income of the 67.2k households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI grew to $60,027 from the previous year's value of $54,944.

The following chart displays the households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.463
2022 Wage GINI in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI
0.461
2021 Wage GINI in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI

In 2022, the income inequality in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was 0.463 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.263% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.9%)
  2. Carpooled (10.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.96%)

In 2022, 77.9% of workers in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.4%) and those who worked at home (7.96%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (24.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.13% of the workforce in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI (25.2k out of 154k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.4% of the population of Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 45.3% on employee plans, 23.3% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 0.669% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.1% under 18 years, 24.3% between 18 and 34 years, 38.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.63%
Uninsured
45.3%
Employer Coverage
23.3%
Medicaid
11.9%
Medicare
10.3%
Non-Group
0.669%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI declined by 5.57% from 9.13% to 8.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oakland County (Central) PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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