Michigan

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Population

10M

0.337% growth

Poverty Rate

15.6%


Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$56,697

3.26% growth

Number of Employees

4.51M

1.82% growth

Median Property Value

$162,500

4.37% growth

About

In 2018, Michigan had a population of 10M people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $56,697. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Michigan grew from 9.96M to 10M, a 0.337% increase and its median household income grew from $54,909 to $56,697, a 3.26% increase.

The population of Michigan is 74.8% White Alone, 13.6% Black or African American Alone, and 5.18% Hispanic or Latino. 9.83% of the people in Michigan speak a non-English language, and 96.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Michigan are University of Michigan-Ann Arbor (14,075 degrees awarded in 2017), Michigan State University (13,044 degrees), and Wayne State University (6,809 degrees).

The median property value in Michigan is $162,500, and the homeownership rate is 71.2%. Most people in Michigan commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Michigan is 2 cars per household.

Michigan borders Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Michigan compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Michigan employs 4.51M people. The largest industries in Michigan are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (367,022 people), Restaurants & Food Services (318,840 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (269,478 people), and the highest paying industries are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($163,446), Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($127,550), and Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($123,974).

Median household income in Michigan is $56,697. Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,599. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,697

2018 value

± $406

3.26%

1 Year Growth

± 1.04%

Households in Michigan have a median annual income of $56,697, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,909 in 2017, which represents a 3.26% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Michigan compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$66,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,155

$48,599

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2018, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $88,578 ± $80,802

  2. Asian

    $69,562 ± $4,799

  3. White

    $51,075 ± $730

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.472

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.175% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Michigan was Livingston County, MI with a value of $82,884, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $80,193 and $71,860.

The following map shows all of the counties in Michigan colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Michigan (1.51M out of 9.7M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    942,462 ± 6,162

  2. Black

    416,313 ± 4,219

  3. Hispanic

    113,788 ± 2,271

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Michigan is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.51M

2018 Value

1.82%

1 Year growth

± 1.82%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Michigan grew at a rate of 1.82%, from 4.43M employees to 4.51M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Michigan, are Other managers (112,316 people), Registered nurses (106,630 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (106,230 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Michigan.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Michigan, by number of employees, are Other managers (112,316 people), Registered nurses (106,630 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (106,230 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Michigan has an unusually high number of residents working as Mechanical engineers (7.11 times higher than expected), Tool & die makers (6.72 times), and Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic (4.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Michigan, by average salary, are Physicians ($224,468), Surgeons ($216,812), and Dentists ($188,317).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.51M

2018 Value

1.82%

1 Year growth

± 1.82%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Michigan grew at a rate of 1.82%, from 4.43M employees to 4.51M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Michigan, are Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (367,022 people), Restaurants & Food Services (318,840 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (269,478 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Michigan, though some of these residents may live in Michigan and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Michigan has an unusually high number of Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (8.54 times higher than expected), Metalworking machinery manufacturing (5.99 times), and Coating, engraving, heat treating & allied activities (3.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Michigan, by average salary, are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($163,446), Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($127,550), and Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($123,974).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.8% of the population of Michigan has health coverage, with 50.3% on employee plans, 18.8% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.891% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.17%

Uninsured

50.3%

Employer Coverage

18.8%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

0.891%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Michigan declined by 3.66% from 5.37% to 5.17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Michigan changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Michigan is home to a population of 10M people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.56% of Michigan residents were born outside of the country (653k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Michigan is composed of 7.48M White Alone residents (74.8%), 1.36M Black or African American Alone residents (13.6%), 517k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.18%), 324k Asian Alone residents (3.24%), 251k Two or More Races residents (2.51%), 46.4k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.464%), 14.4k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.144%), and 3.29k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0329%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Michigan are Spanish (282,861 speakers), Arabic (142,990 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (48,443 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Michigan was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Michigan are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Michigan residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.56%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

653k people

6.37%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

633k people

As of 2017, 6.56% of Michigan residents (653k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Michigan was 6.37%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Michigan compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    89,142 ± 7,297 people

  2. India

    75,308 ± 6,712 people

  3. Iraq

    66,449 ± 6,308 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 89,142 Michigan residents, followed by India with 75,308 and Iraq with 66,449.

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Citizenship

96.8%

2018 Citizenship

96.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.8% of Michigan residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Michigan was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Michigan compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.48M ± 2.65k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.36M ± 7.64k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    517k ± 13.9k

In 2018, there were 5.48 times more White Alone residents (7.48M people) in Michigan than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.36M Black or African American Alone and 517k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Michigan as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    282,861 speakers (3%)

  2. Arabic

    142,990 speakers (1.52%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    48,443 speakers (0.514%)

9.83% of Michigan citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Michigan was Spanish. 3% of the overall population of Michigan are native Spanish speakers. 1.52% speak Arabic and 0.514% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    197,668 ± 4,649

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    74,655 ± 4,927

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    65,387 ± 4,060

Michigan has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.65 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Michigan awarded 142,206 degrees. The student population of Michigan is skewed towards women, with 256,002 male students and 314,378 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Michigan are White (96,684 and 73.3%), followed by Black or African American (14,571 and 11.1%), Unknown (6,072 and 4.61%), and Hispanic or Latino (5,373 and 4.08%).

The largest universities in Michigan by number of degrees awarded are University of Michigan-Ann Arbor (14,075 and 9.9%), Michigan State University (13,044 and 9.17%), and Wayne State University (6,809 and 4.79%).

The most popular majors in Michigan are General Business Administration & Management (8,145 and 5.73%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (7,420 and 5.22%), and General Studies (6,414 and 4.51%).

The median tuition costs in Michigan are $25,540 for private four year colleges, and $11,232 and $18,570 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,711 degrees awarded

  2. 3,523 degrees awarded

  3. 3,213 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Michigan was General Psychology with 2,711 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Michigan according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 14,075 degrees awarded

  2. 13,044 degrees awarded

  3. 6,809 degrees awarded

$11,232

Median In-State Public

$25,540

Median Private

In 2017, the Michigan institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Michigan-Ann Arbor with 14,075 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

60,478

Degrees Awarded to Men

81,728

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 60,478 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Michigan, which is 0.74 times less than the 81,728 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Michigan by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    96,684 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    14,571 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    6,072 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Michigan were to White students. These 96,684 degrees mean that there were 6.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 14,571 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Michigan was $162,500 in 2018, which is 0.707 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $155,700 to $162,500, a 4.37% increase. The homeownership rate in Michigan is 71.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Michigan have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Michigan is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$162,500

2018 Median

± $780

$155,700

2017 Median

± $757

In 2018, the median property value in Michigan grew to to $162,500 from the previous year's value of $155,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Michigan compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Michigan the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,697

Median Household Income

± $406

3.96M

Number of Households

± 27,805

In 2018, the median household income of the 3.96M households in Michigan grew to $56,697 from the previous year's value of $54,909.

The following chart displays the households in Michigan distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Michigan distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Michigan the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

71.2%

2018 Homeownership

71.3%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 71.2% of the housing units in Michigan were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Michigan compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Michigan have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.85% of the workforce in Michigan have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Michigan compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82%

  2. Carpooled

    8.93%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.11%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Michigan was Drove Alone (82%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.93%) and those who Worked At Home (4.11%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Michigan distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Michigan have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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