Doctoral Universities

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2020 Undergraduate Tuition
$11,442
0.105% growth from 2019
2020 Average Net Price
$17,832
After Financial Aid
2020 Acceptance Rate
55%
6,475,031 Applicants
2020 Enrolled Students
6,637,804
76.4% Full-Time
2020 Graduation Rate
70.1%
554,383 Graduates

About

Doctoral Universities is a Carnegie Classification grouping of higher education institutions. In 2016, the most popular Bachelor's Degree concentrations at Doctoral Universities were General Psychology (55,227 degrees awarded), General Business Administration & Management (52,609 degrees), and Registered Nursing (52,603 degrees).

In 2020, 1,864,727 degrees were awarded across all undergraduate and graduate programs at Doctoral Universities. 56.6% of these degrees were awarded to women, and 43.4% awarded men. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients was white (967,097 degrees), 4.1 times more than then the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (235933 degrees).

The median undergraduate tuition at Doctoral Universities is $11,442, which is $1,421 more than than the national median of $10,021. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $28,629, which is 250% of the cost for in-state students, and is $14,094 more than than the national median $14,535.

Costs

The median in-state tuition for Doctoral Universities is $11,442, which is $1,242 more than than the national median in-state tuition of $10,200. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $28,629, which is 250% of the cost for in-state students, and is $14,094 more than than the national median out-of-state tuition of $14,535.

After taking grants and loans into account, the average net price for students is $17,832.

Student Expenses

Tuition Costs

$11,442
2020 Undergraduate Tuition

In 2020, the cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities was $28,629, which is 250% of the cost for in-state students, which was $11,442. The cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities is $14,094 more than than the overall (public and private) national median of $14,535, and the in-state tuition is $1,242 more than than the overall (public and private) national median $10,200.

This chart compares the tuition costs of Doctoral Universities (in red) with those of other similar universities.

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Average Net Price

$17,832
2020 Value
1.83%
1 Year Growth

In 2020 Doctoral Universities had an average net price — the price paid after factoring in grants and loans — of $17,832. Between 2019 and 2020, the average net price of Doctoral Universities grew by 1.83%.

This chart compares the average net price of Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of other similar universities.

Average net price is calculated from full-time beginning undergraduate students who were awarded a grant or scholarship from federal, state or local governments, or the institution.

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Other Student Expenses

$11,554
Room and Board
$1,200
Books and Supplies

The average yearly cost of room and board at Doctoral Universities was of $11,554 in 2020. During the same period, the average yearly cost of books and supplies was $1,200. The cost of room and board increased by 2.59% between 2019 and 2020. The cost of books and supplies did not change during the same period.

This chart compares the average student costs at Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of similar universities.

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Financial Aid

Financial Aid by Income Level

71%
Undergraduates Receiving Financial Aid through Grants
42%
Undergraduates Receiving Financial Aid through Loans

71% of undergraduate students at Doctoral Universities received financial aid through grants or loans in 2020. This represents a growth of 5.97% with respect to 2019, when 67% of undergraduate students received financial aid.

This chart compares the average award discount at Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of other similar universities.

The average award discount is the ratio between the average grant or scholarship value, and the cost, which is the sum of out-of-state tuition, room, board, book, supplies, and other expenses.

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Admissions

Doctoral Universities received 6,475,031 undergraduate applications in 2020, which represents a 0.0608% annual decline. Out of those 6,475,031 applicants, 3,558,933 students were accepted for enrollment, representing a 55% acceptance rate.

There were 6,637,804 students enrolled at Doctoral Universities in 2020, and 56.5% of first-time enrollees submitted SAT scores with their applications.

Doctoral Universities has an overall enrollment yield of 23.8%, which represents the number of admitted students who ended up enrolling.

Acceptance Rate

55%
Acceptance Rate in 2020
3,558,933
Accepted Out of 6,475,031

In 2020, the undergraduate acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities was 55% (3,558,933 admissions from 6,475,031 applications). This is higher than the acceptance rate of 2019, which was 50.9%. Between 2019 and 2020, the number of applicants declined by −0.0608%, while admissions grew by 7.89%.

This chart compares the acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities (in red) with that of other similar universities.

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SAT Scores

56.5%
Submission Percentage
454,144
Scores Submitted

56.5% of enrolled first-time students at Doctoral Universities in 2020 submitted SAT scores with their applications.

This chart shows the SAT scores for the 25th and 75th percentile of applicants broken out into each section of the test that their are evaluated on.

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Enrollment

Doctoral Universities has a total enrollment of 6,637,804 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities is 5,073,994 students and the part-time enrollment is 1,563,810. This means that 76.4% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities are enrolled full-time.

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities, both undergraduate and graduate, is 49.8% White, 15.1% Hispanic or Latino, 9.74% Black or African American, 8.84% Asian, 3.95% Two or More Races, 0.378% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.156% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders.

Students enrolled at Doctoral Universities in full-time Undergraduate programs are most commonly White Female (27.1%), followed by White Male (24%) and Hispanic or Latino Female (9.66%). Students enrolled in full-time Graduate programs are most commonly White Female (26.1%), followed by White Male (18.7%) and Hispanic or Latino Female (6.03%).

Full-Time vs Part-Time Enrollment

76.4%
Full-Time Enrollment

The total enrollment at Doctoral Universities, both undergraduate and graduate, is 6,637,804 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities is 5,073,994 and the part-time enrollment is 1,563,810. This means that 76.4% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities are enrolled full-time.

This chart shows the full-time vs part-time enrollment status at Doctoral Universities (in red) compares to similar universities.

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Retention Rate over Time

84.5%
2020 Retention Rate

Retention rate measures the number of first-time students who began their studies the previous fall and returned to school the following fall. The retention rate for full-time undergraduates at Doctoral Universities was 84.5%. Compared with the full-time retention rate at similar (84.5%), Doctoral Universities had a retention rate approximately the same as its peers.

This chart shows the retention rate over time at Doctoral Universities (highlighted in red) compares to similar universities.

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Enrollment by Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,307,286
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    1,000,313
  3. Black or African American
    646,682

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities is 49.8% White, 15.1% Hispanic or Latino, 9.74% Black or African American, 8.84% Asian, 3.95% Two or More Races, 0.378% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.156% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders. This includes both full-time and part-time students as well as graduate and undergraduates.

Any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis is categorized as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the share of those students are shown in the chart below. Additionally, 262,527 students (3.96%) did not report their race.

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Graduates

In 2020, 246827 more women than men received degrees from Doctoral Universities. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients at Doctoral Universities is white (967,097 degrees awarded). There were 4.1 times more white graduates than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (235933 degrees).

The most common Bachelor's Degree concentration at Doctoral Universities is General Psychology (55,227 degrees awarded), followed by General Business Administration & Management (52,609 degrees) and Registered Nursing (52,603 degrees).

The most specialized majors across all degree types at Doctoral Universities, meaning they have significantly more degrees awarded in that concentration than the national average across all institutions, are Engineering (159,020 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,221 degrees), and Cultural & Gender Studies (11,111 degrees).

Workforce

Common Jobs by Major

Most Common Job

The most common jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Software developers (396,011 people), Other managers (336,955 people), Miscellaneous engineers, including nuclear engineers (319,190 people), Civil engineers (250,670 people), and Mechanical engineers (181,912 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Engineering (159,020 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,221 degrees), Cultural & Gender Studies (11,111 degrees), Math & Statistics (34,138 degrees), and Legal (38,635 degrees).

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Highest Paying Jobs by Major

Highest Paying Job

The highest paying jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Surgeons, Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents, Physicians, Dentists, and Chief executives & legislators

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Engineering (159,020 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,221 degrees), Cultural & Gender Studies (11,111 degrees), Math & Statistics (34,138 degrees), and Legal (38,635 degrees).

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Common Industries by Major

The most common industries for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Architectural, engineering & related services (529,311 people), Computer Systems Design (448,862 people), Construction (286,323 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (239,151 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (182,670 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities are Engineering (159,020 degrees awarded), Architecture and Related Services (13,221 degrees), Cultural & Gender Studies (11,111 degrees), Math & Statistics (34,138 degrees), and Legal (38,635 degrees).

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Degrees

Majors Awarded

IPEDS uses the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) standard, so the categories may not match the exact concentrations offered by Doctoral Universities.
Most Common
  1. 55227 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 52609 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 52603 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common bachelors degree concentration at Doctoral Universities was General Psychology with 55227 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of degree-majors recipients from bachelors degree programs at Doctoral Universities according to their major.

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Sex Breakdown for Common Majors

808,950
Degrees Awarded to Men
in 2020
1,055,777
Degrees Awarded to Women
in 2020

In 2020, 808,950 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities, which is 0.766 times less than the number of degrees awarded to females (1,055,777).

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 majors at Doctoral Universities by degrees awarded.

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Most Common Male Majors

In 2020, 59652 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities in General Business Administration & Management, which is 1.19 times more than the 49948 female recipients with that same degree.

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Most Common Female Majors

In 2020, 57755 degrees were awarded to women at Doctoral Universities in Registered Nursing, which is 6.59 times more than the 8762 male recipients with that same degree.

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Time to Complete

44%
100% Completion Time
65%
150% Completion Time

In 2020, 44% of students graduating from Doctoral Universities completed their program within 100% "normal time" (i.e. 4 years for a 4-year degree). Comparatively, 65% completed their degrees within 150% of the normal time, and 67% within 200%.

The following chart shows these completion rates over time compared to the average for the Carnegie Classification group.

Graduation rate is defined as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within a specific percentage of "normal time" to completion for their program.

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Diversity

Graduation Rate by Race and Sex

Showing demographic groups with ≥ 5 graduating students.
Asian Female
Highest Graduation Rate (84.3%)

The student demographic with the highest graduation rate at Doctoral Universities is Female and Asian (84.3% graduation rate). Across all , Asian Female students have the highest graduation rate (72.4%).

The department of education defines graduation rate as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within 150% of "normal time" to completion.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) categorizes any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the graduation rate of those students is shown in the chart below. Additionally, 1.68% of graduates (9300 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Share

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    967,097 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    235,933 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    156,338 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity at Doctoral Universities is white (967,097 degrees awarded). There were 4.1 times more white recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (235933 degrees).

3.75% of degree recipients (69,848 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Sex

Most Common Sex Demographic
  1. White Female
    545,694 degrees awarded
  2. White Male
    421,403 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino Female
    144,106 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity and sex grouping at Doctoral Universities is white female (545,694 degrees awarded). There were 1.29 times more white female recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, white male (421,403 degrees).

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Operations

Doctoral Universities has an endowment valued at nearly $302M, as of the end of the 2020 fiscal year. The return on its endowment was of $25.6B (8.49k%), compared to the 3.48% average return ($10.5M on $302M) across all .

In 2020, Doctoral Universities had a total salary expenditure of $552M. Doctoral Universities employs 88,514 Professors, 69,797 Associate professors, and 62,826 Assistant professors. Most academics at Doctoral Universities are Male Professors (61,498), Male Associate professors(38,565), and Female Assistant professors (31,900).

The most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities are: Office and Administrative Support, with 127107 employees, Computer, Engineering, and Science, with 118030 employees, and Business and Financial Operations with 117183 employees.

Finances

Endowment

$302M
2020 Endowment
2.91%
decline from 2019

Doctoral Universities have a median endowment valued at about $302M, as of the end of the 2020 fiscal year. The endowment of Doctoral Universities declined 2.91% from the previous year.

This line chart shows how the endowment at Doctoral Universities (in red) compares to that of some similar universities.

The small bar chart below shows the endowment quintiles for all universities in the Doctoral Universities Carnegie Classification grouping.

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Government Grants and Contracts

Grants & Contracts
  1. $43.5B - Federal
  2. $4.64B - State
  3. $891M - Local

As of 2020, Doctoral Universities received $43.5B in grants and contracts from the federal government, $4.64B from state grants and contracts, and $891M from local grants and contracts.

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Expenses

Salary Expenditure

$238M
2020 Salaries
1.44%
growth from 2019

In 2020, Doctoral Universities paid a median of $238M in salaries, which represents 43% of their overall expenditure ($552M) and a 1.44% growth from the previous year. This is compared to a 2.82% growth from 2018 and a 6.24% growth from 2017.

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Instructional Salaries

$30.9B
Instructional Salaries
276,202
Number of Employees

In 2020, Doctoral Universities paid a total of $30.9B to 276,202 employees working as instructors, which represents 18.4% of all salaries paid.

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Faculty and Staff

Occupations by Share

Professor
Most Common Instructor
88514 Employees
Office and Administrative Support
Most Common Non-Instructional Employee
127107 Employees

In 2020, the most common positions for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities were Professor with 88,514 employees; Associate professor with 69,797 employees; and Associate professor with 62,826 employees.

In 2020, the most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities were Office and Administrative Support with 127,107 employees; Computer, Engineering, and Science with 118,030 employees; and Business and Financial Operations with 117,183 employees.

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Instructors by Academic Rank and Sex

Most Common Demographic
  1. Male Professor
  2. Male Associate professor
  3. Female Assistant professor

In 2020, the most common demographic for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities was Male Professor with 61,498 employees, Male Associate professor with 38,565 employees, and Female Assistant professor with 31,900 employees.

This chart shows the sex split between each academic rank present at Doctoral Universities.

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