York-Hanover, PA

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Population

448,273

0.492% growth

Poverty Rate

10.3%


Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$65,239

2.71% growth

Number of Employees

224,002

0.376% decline

Median Property Value

$183,000

1.72% growth

About

In 2018, York-Hanover, PA had a population of 448k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $65,239. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of York-Hanover, PA grew from 446,078 to 448,273, a 0.492% increase and its median household income grew from $63,519 to $65,239, a 2.71% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in York-Hanover, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (82.8%), White (Hispanic) (5.11%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.69%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.77%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.6%). N/A% of the people in York-Hanover, PA speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in York-Hanover, PA are York College of Pennsylvania (1,014 degrees awarded in 2017), YTI Career Institute-York (686 degrees), and York County School of Technology-Adult & Continuing Education (214 degrees).

The median property value in York-Hanover, PA is $183,000, and the homeownership rate is 75.1%. Most people in York-Hanover, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in York-Hanover, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Mason-Dixon Trail, York County, York, PA

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of York-Hanover, PA employs 224k people. The largest industries in York-Hanover, PA are Manufacturing (34,633 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,000 people), and Retail Trade (23,927 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,656), Public Administration ($56,085), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,733).

Median household income in York-Hanover, PA is $65,239. Males in York-Hanover, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in York-Hanover, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,239

2018 value

± $2,771

2.71%

1 Year Growth

± 5.24%

Households in York-Hanover, PA have a median annual income of $65,239, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,519 in 2017, which represents a 2.71% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in York-Hanover, PA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for York-Hanover, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in York-Hanover, PA was Chester County, PA with a value of $99,119, followed by Montgomery County, PA and Bucks County, PA, with respective values of $90,122 and $88,569.

The following map shows all of the counties in York-Hanover, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in York-Hanover, PA (44.3k out of 432k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    33,219 ± 1,277

  2. Hispanic

    8,897 ± 670

  3. Black

    5,440 ± 518

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in York-Hanover, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

224k

2018 Value

± 7,463

-0.376%

1 Year decline

± 4.58%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in York-Hanover, PA declined at a rate of -0.376%, from 225k employees to 224k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in York-Hanover, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,693 people), Sales & Related Occupations (21,985 people), and Management Occupations (20,810 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of York-Hanover, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of York-Hanover, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,693 people), Sales & Related Occupations (21,985 people), and Management Occupations (20,810 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, York-Hanover, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.57 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.52 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of York-Hanover, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,217), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,895), and Management Occupations ($66,413).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

224k

2018 Value

± 7,463

-0.376%

1 Year decline

± 4.58%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in York-Hanover, PA declined at a rate of -0.376%, from 225k employees to 224k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in York-Hanover, PA, are Manufacturing (34,633 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,000 people), and Retail Trade (23,927 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of York-Hanover, PA, though some of these residents may live in York-Hanover, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in York-Hanover, PA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (34,633 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,000 people), and Retail Trade (23,927 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, York-Hanover, PA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.59 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.32 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.17 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in York-Hanover, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($82,656), Public Administration ($56,085), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,733).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of York-Hanover, PA has health coverage, with 55% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 1.57% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of York-Hanover, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in York-Hanover, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.68%

Uninsured

55%

Employer Coverage

13.9%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

10.3%

Non-Group

1.57%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in York-Hanover, PA grew by 7.58% from 5.28% to 5.68%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in York-Hanover, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

York-Hanover, PA is home to a population of 448k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.77% of York-Hanover, PA residents were born outside of the country (16.8k people).

In 2018, there were 16.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (371k people) in York-Hanover, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.9k White (Hispanic) and 21k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in York-Hanover, PA was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in York-Hanover, PA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all York-Hanover, PA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.77%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

16.8k people

3.57%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

15.9k people

As of 2017, 3.77% of York-Hanover, PA residents (16.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in York-Hanover, PA was 3.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in York-Hanover, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2018 Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.8% of York-Hanover, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in York-Hanover, PA was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in York-Hanover, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in York-Hanover, PA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    371k ± 554

  2. White (Hispanic)

    22.9k ± 3.11k

  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    21k ± 2.15k

In 2018, there were 16.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (371k people) in York-Hanover, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.9k White (Hispanic) and 21k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in York-Hanover, PA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,540 ± 1,198

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,965 ± 1,381

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,652 ± 1,043

York-Hanover, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in York-Hanover, PA awarded 2,284 degrees. The student population of York-Hanover, PA is skewed towards women, with 3,092 male students and 3,910 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in York-Hanover, PA are White (1,757 and 77%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (212 and 9.29%), Black or African American (154 and 6.75%), and Two or More Races (70 and 3.07%).

The largest universities in York-Hanover, PA by number of degrees awarded are York College of Pennsylvania (1,014 and 44.4%), YTI Career Institute-York (686 and 30%), and York County School of Technology-Adult & Continuing Education (214 and 9.37%).

The most popular majors in York-Hanover, PA are Dental Assisting (129 and 5.65%), Other Practical Nursing, Vocational Nursing, & Nursing Assistants (118 and 5.17%), and Registered Nursing (99 and 4.33%).

The median tuition costs in York-Hanover, PA are $17,560 for private four year colleges, and $13,484 and $21,402 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in York-Hanover, PA was Registered Nursing with 99 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in York-Hanover, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,014 degrees awarded

  2. 686 degrees awarded

  3. 214 degrees awarded

$13,484

Median In-State Public

$17,560

Median Private

In 2017, the York-Hanover, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was York College of Pennsylvania with 1,014 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

914

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,370

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 914 men were awarded degrees from institutions in York-Hanover, PA, which is 0.667 times less than the 1,370 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in York-Hanover, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,757 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    212 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    154 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in York-Hanover, PA were to White students. These 1,757 degrees mean that there were 8.29 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 212 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in York-Hanover, PA was $183,000 in 2018, which is 0.797 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $179,900 to $183,000, a 1.72% increase. The homeownership rate in York-Hanover, PA is 75.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in York-Hanover, PA have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in York-Hanover, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$183,000

2018 Median

± $4,456

$179,900

2017 Median

± $4,796

In 2018, the median property value in York-Hanover, PA grew to to $183,000 from the previous year's value of $179,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in York-Hanover, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York-Hanover, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,239

Median Household Income

± $2,771

174k

Number of Households

± 6,240

In 2018, the median household income of the 174k households in York-Hanover, PA grew to $65,239 from the previous year's value of $63,519.

The following chart displays the households in York-Hanover, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in York-Hanover, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York-Hanover, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

75.1%

2018 Homeownership

73.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 75.1% of the housing units in York-Hanover, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in York-Hanover, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in York-Hanover, PA have a shorter commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.49% of the workforce in York-Hanover, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in York-Hanover, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.79%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in York-Hanover, PA was Drove Alone (82.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.62%) and those who Worked At Home (4.79%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in York-Hanover, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in York-Hanover, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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