York County (South) PUMA, PA

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Population

147,359

0.229% growth

Median Age

43.3


Median Household Income

$68,993

6.04% growth

Poverty Rate

7.04%


Number of Employees

71,660

1.4% growth

Median Property Value

$189,600

2.32% growth

About

In 2017, York County (South) PUMA, PA had a population of 147k people with a median age of 43.3 and a median household income of $68,993. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of York County (South) PUMA, PA grew from 147,023 to 147,359, a 0.229% increase and its median household income grew from $65,062 to $68,993, a 6.04% increase.

The population of York County (South) PUMA, PA is 92.3% White Alone, 3.13% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.13% Black or African American Alone. 4.16% of the people in York County (South) PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in York County (South) PUMA, PA are Empire Beauty School-Hanover (67 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in York County (South) PUMA, PA is $189,600, and the homeownership rate is 80.6%. Most people in York County (South) PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.4 minutes. The average car ownership in York County (South) PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of York County (South) PUMA, PA employs 71.7k people. The largest industries in York County (South) PUMA, PA are Construction (5,555 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,279 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,086 people), and the highest paying industries are Other administrative & other support services ($115,742), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($109,050), and Broadcasting (except internet) ($100,262).

Median household income in York County (South) PUMA, PA is $68,993. Males in York County (South) PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,419. The income inequality in York County (South) PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.416, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$68,993

2017 value

± $1,375

6.04%

1 Year Growth

± 2.62%

Households in York County (South) PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $68,993, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,062 in 2016, which represents a 6.04% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in York County (South) PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,851

Average Male Salary

± $5,932

$46,419

Average Female Salary

± $5,231

In 2017, full-time male employees in York County (South) PUMA, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in York County (South) PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $107,830 ± $249,894

  2. Asian

    $68,662 ± $45,345

  3. Black

    $48,880 ± $20,456

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of York County (South) PUMA, PA workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.57 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in York County (South) PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.416

2017 Wage GINI

0.416

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in York County (South) PUMA, PA was 0.416 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.175% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for York County (South) PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in York County (South) PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in York County (South) PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in York County (South) PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in York County (South) PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.04% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in York County (South) PUMA, PA (10.3k out of 146k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,711 ± 603

  2. Hispanic

    1,119 ± 342

  3. Black

    226 ± 133

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in York County (South) PUMA, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

71.7k

2017 Value

1.4%

1 Year growth

± 1.4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in York County (South) PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.4%, from 70.7k employees to 71.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in York County (South) PUMA, PA, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,104 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,650 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,592 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of York County (South) PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of York County (South) PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,104 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,650 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,592 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, York County (South) PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Tool & die makers (5.36 times higher than expected), Small engine mechanics (5.33 times), and Probation officers & correctional treatment specialists (4.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of York County (South) PUMA, PA, by average salary, are File clerks ($155,894), Physicians & surgeons ($152,654), and Chief executives & legislators ($138,939).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

71.7k

2017 Value

1.4%

1 Year growth

± 1.4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in York County (South) PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.4%, from 70.7k employees to 71.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in York County (South) PUMA, PA, are Construction (5,555 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,279 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,086 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of York County (South) PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in York County (South) PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in York County (South) PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Construction (5,555 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,279 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,086 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, York County (South) PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Other transportation equipment manufacturing (12.8 times higher than expected), Seafood & other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. (11.4 times), and Metal forgings & stampings (5.83 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in York County (South) PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Other administrative & other support services ($115,742), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($109,050), and Broadcasting (except internet) ($100,262).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.8% of the population of York County (South) PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 58.2% on employee plans, 9.01% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 0.789% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of York County (South) PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in York County (South) PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.23%

Uninsured

58.2%

Employer Coverage

9.01%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

0.789%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in York County (South) PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 7.23%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in York County (South) PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

York County (South) PUMA, PA is home to a population of 147k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of York County (South) PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of York County (South) PUMA, PA is composed of 136k White Alone residents (92.3%), 4.61k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.13%), 3.13k Black or African American Alone residents (2.13%), 1.71k Two or More Races residents (1.16%), 1.41k Asian Alone residents (0.956%), 216 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.147%), 160 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.109%), and 85 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0577%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in York County (South) PUMA, PA are Spanish (2,563 speakers), Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (583 speakers), and German (536 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in York County (South) PUMA, PA was 43.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in York County (South) PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all York County (South) PUMA, PA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

2.29%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.37k people

As of 2017, N/A% of York County (South) PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in York County (South) PUMA, PA was 2.29%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in York County (South) PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    404 ± 493 people

  2. China

    276 ± 407 people

  3. Mexico

    236 ± 377 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of York County (South) PUMA, PA was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 404 York County (South) PUMA, PA residents, followed by China with 276 and Mexico with 236.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of York County (South) PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in York County (South) PUMA, PA was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in York County (South) PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    136k ± 1.19k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4.61k ± 906

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.13k ± 687

In 2017, there were 29.5 times more White Alone residents (136k people) in York County (South) PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.61k Hispanic or Latino and 3.13k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in York County (South) PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,563 speakers (1.85%)

  2. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    583 speakers (0.42%)

  3. German

    536 speakers (0.386%)

4.16% of York County (South) PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in York County (South) PUMA, PA was Spanish. 1.85% of the overall population of York County (South) PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.42% speak Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages and 0.386% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,287 ± 328

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,488 ± 237

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,378 ± 213

York County (South) PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in York County (South) PUMA, PA awarded 67 degrees. The student population of York County (South) PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 0 male students and 79 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in York County (South) PUMA, PA are White (57 and 85.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5 and 7.46%), Black or African American (3 and 4.48%), and Two or More Races (1 and 1.49%).

The largest universities in York County (South) PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Empire Beauty School-Hanover (67 and 100%).

The most popular majors in York County (South) PUMA, PA are General Cosmetology (65 and 97%) and Cosmetology, Barber, & Nail Instructor (2 and 2.99%).

The median tuition costs in York County (South) PUMA, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 65 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in York County (South) PUMA, PA was General Cosmetology with 65 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in York County (South) PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

67 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the York County (South) PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Empire Beauty School-Hanover with 67 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1

Degrees Awarded to Men

66

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1 men were awarded degrees from institutions in York County (South) PUMA, PA, which is 0.0152 times less than the 66 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in York County (South) PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    57 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    3 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in York County (South) PUMA, PA were to White students. These 57 degrees mean that there were 11.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in York County (South) PUMA, PA was $189,600 in 2017, which is 0.871 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $185,300 to $189,600, a 2.32% increase. The homeownership rate in York County (South) PUMA, PA is 80.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in York County (South) PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 30.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in York County (South) PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$68,993

Median Household Income

± $1,375

55.9k

Number of Households

± 1,351

In 2017, the median household income of the 55.9k households in York County (South) PUMA, PA grew to $68,993 from the previous year's value of $65,062.

The following chart displays the households in York County (South) PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$189,600

2017 Median

± $2,851

$185,300

2016 Median

± $2,304

In 2017, the median property value in York County (South) PUMA, PA grew to to $189,600 from the previous year's value of $185,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in York County (South) PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York County (South) PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in York County (South) PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York County (South) PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

80.6%

2017 Homeownership

80.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.6% of the housing units in York County (South) PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 80.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in York County (South) PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in York County (South) PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in York County (South) PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

30.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in York County (South) PUMA, PA have a longer commute time (30.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4% of the workforce in York County (South) PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in York County (South) PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.48%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in York County (South) PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (84.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.48%) and those who Worked At Home (3.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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