Yakima County, WA

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Population

248,279

0.241% growth

Median Age

32.7


Median Household Income

$47,470

3.87% growth

Poverty Rate

19%


Number of Employees

103,990

1.34% growth

Median Property Value

$163,500

1.74% growth

About

In 2017, Yakima County, WA had a population of 248k people with a median age of 32.7 and a median household income of $47,470. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Yakima County, WA grew from 247,681 to 248,279, a 0.241% increase and its median household income grew from $45,700 to $47,470, a 3.87% increase.

The population of Yakima County, WA is 48.4% Hispanic or Latino, 44.3% White Alone, and 3.63% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Yakima County, WA speak a non-English language, and 86.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Yakima County, WA are Yakima Valley College (1,674 degrees awarded in 2016), Perry Technical Institute (403 degrees), and Heritage University (339 degrees).

The median property value in Yakima County, WA is $163,500, and the homeownership rate is 62.7%. Most people in Yakima County, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Yakima County, WA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Yakima County, WA employs 104k people. The largest industries in Yakima County, WA are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (16,445 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,304 people), and Retail Trade (10,747 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($48,196), Utilities ($47,500), and Finance & Insurance ($42,250).

Median household income in Yakima County, WA is $47,470. Males in Yakima County, WA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,882. The income inequality in Yakima County, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,470

2017 value

± $1,167

3.87%

1 Year Growth

± 3.08%

Households in Yakima County, WA have a median annual income of $47,470, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,700 in 2016, which represents a 3.87% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Yakima County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

$73,040

Average Male Salary

± $1,385

$53,882

Average Female Salary

± $1,130

In 2017, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,555 ± $3,156

  2. White

    $57,225 ± $943

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,049 ± $3,328

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Yakima County, WA is from Washington.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Washington was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.104% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 28.01

  2. Census Tract 34

  3. Census Tract 28.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Yakima County, WA was Census Tract 28.01 with a value of $71,239, followed by Census Tract 34 and Census Tract 28.02, with respective values of $71,065 and $68,333.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Yakima County, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Yakima County, WA (46.4k out of 244k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    33,728 ± 1,330

  2. Hispanic

    29,768 ± 1,264

  3. Other

    7,094 ± 676

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Yakima County, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

104k

2017 Value

± 2,325

1.34%

1 Year growth

± 3.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Yakima County, WA grew at a rate of 1.34%, from 103k employees to 104k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Yakima County, WA, are Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (14,168 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,171 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,303 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Yakima County, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Yakima County, WA, by number of employees, are Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (14,168 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,171 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,303 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Yakima County, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (20.2 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.53 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Yakima County, WA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($66,892), Legal Occupations ($66,650), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,464).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

104k

2017 Value

± 2,325

1.34%

1 Year growth

± 3.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Yakima County, WA grew at a rate of 1.34%, from 103k employees to 104k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Yakima County, WA, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (16,445 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,304 people), and Retail Trade (10,747 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Yakima County, WA, though some of these residents may live in Yakima County, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Yakima County, WA, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (16,445 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,304 people), and Retail Trade (10,747 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Yakima County, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (13.4 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.83 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.58 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Yakima County, WA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($48,196), Utilities ($47,500), and Finance & Insurance ($42,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.6B

  2. $37.2B

  3. $28.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $38.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($37.2B) and Gasoline ($28.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$296B

2015 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

50.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Washington trade was $296B. This is expected to increase 50.1% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.3B

  2. $14.2B

  3. $9.45B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $26.3B, followed by California with $14.2B and Tennessee and $9.45B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.1% of the population of Yakima County, WA has health coverage, with 31.7% on employee plans, 26% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 15.4% on non-group plans, and 0.934% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Yakima County, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Yakima County, WA see 1499 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.68% increase from the previous year (1432 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1551 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 398 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,499 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Yakima County, WA see an average of 1,499 patients per year. This represents a 4.68% increase from the previous year (1,432 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Yakima County, WA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.9%

Uninsured

31.7%

Employer Coverage

26%

Medicaid

10.1%

Medicare

15.4%

Non-Group

0.934%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Yakima County, WA declined by 13.5% from 18.3% to 15.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Yakima County, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Yakima County, WA is home to a population of 248k people, from which 86.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 18.2% of Yakima County, WA residents were born outside of the country (45.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Yakima County, WA is composed of 120k Hispanic or Latino residents (48.4%), 110k White Alone residents (44.3%), 9k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.63%), 4.89k Two or More Races residents (1.97%), 2.25k Asian Alone residents (0.906%), 1.82k Black or African American Alone residents (0.732%), 159 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.064%), and 109 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0439%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Yakima County, WA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Yakima County, WA was 32.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Yakima County, WA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Yakima County, WA residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

18.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

45.3k people

18.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

44.9k people

As of 2017, 18.2% of Yakima County, WA residents (45.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Yakima County, WA was 18.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Yakima County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,445 ± 11,764 people

  2. Philippines

    67,799 ± 6,362 people

  3. India

    67,429 ± 6,345 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 237,445 Washington residents, followed by Philippines with 67,799 and India with 67,429.

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Citizenship

86.6%

2017 Citizenship

86.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 86.6% of Yakima County, WA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Yakima County, WA was 86.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Yakima County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    120k ± 3.15k

  2. White Alone

    110k ± 69

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    9k ± 376

In 2017, there were 1.09 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (120k people) in Yakima County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 110k White Alone and 9k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Yakima County, WA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Yakima County, WA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Yakima County, WA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Yakima County, WA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,629 ± 344

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,395 ± 304

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,387 ± 242

Yakima County, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Yakima County, WA awarded 2,515 degrees. The student population of Yakima County, WA is skewed towards women, with 2,718 male students and 3,937 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Yakima County, WA are White (1,122 and 44.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,085 and 43.2%), Two or More Races (100 and 3.98%), and Unknown (90 and 3.58%).

The largest universities in Yakima County, WA by number of degrees awarded are Yakima Valley College (1,674 and 66.6%), Perry Technical Institute (403 and 16%), and Heritage University (339 and 13.5%).

The most popular majors in Yakima County, WA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (464 and 18.4%), Flagging & Traffic Control (233 and 9.26%), and Medical Office Assistant (178 and 7.08%).

The median tuition costs in Yakima County, WA are $19,032 for private four year colleges, and $3,798 and $4,205 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 62 degrees awarded

  2. 53 degrees awarded

  3. 464 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Yakima County, WA was General Business with 62 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Yakima County, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,674 degrees awarded

  2. 403 degrees awarded

  3. 339 degrees awarded

$3,798

Median In-State Public

$19,032

Median Private

In 2016, the Yakima County, WA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Yakima Valley College with 1,674 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,050

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,465

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,050 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Yakima County, WA, which is 0.717 times less than the 1,465 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Yakima County, WA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,122 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,085 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    100 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Yakima County, WA were to White students. These 1,122 degrees mean that there were 1.03 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,085 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Yakima County, WA was $163,500 in 2017, which is 0.751 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $160,700 to $163,500, a 1.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Yakima County, WA is 62.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Yakima County, WA have an average commute time of 18.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Yakima County, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,470

Median Household Income

± $1,167

81.7k

Number of Households

± 1,937

In 2017, the median household income of the 81.7k households in Yakima County, WA grew to $47,470 from the previous year's value of $45,700.

The following chart displays the households in Yakima County, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$163,500

2017 Median

± $2,311

$160,700

2016 Median

± $2,451

In 2017, the median property value in Yakima County, WA grew to to $163,500 from the previous year's value of $160,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Yakima County, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Yakima County, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Yakima County, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Yakima County, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.7%

2017 Homeownership

62.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.7% of the housing units in Yakima County, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Yakima County, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Yakima County, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Yakima County, WA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Yakima County, WA have a shorter commute time (18.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Yakima County, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Yakima County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.6%

  2. Carpooled

    14.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.69%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Yakima County, WA was Drove Alone (78.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.2%) and those who Worked At Home (3.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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