West Arkansas PUMA, AR

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
133,900
32.1% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40.7
50.5% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
17.9%
8.72% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$49,507
45.1% 1-year decline
2022 Median Property Value
$120,000
37.5% 1-year decline
2022 Employed Population
51,879
30% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, West Arkansas PUMA, AR had a population of 134k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $49,507. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of West Arkansas PUMA, AR declined from 197,075 to 133,900, a −32.1% decrease and its median household income declined from $90,221 to $49,507, a −45.1% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are White (Non-Hispanic) (73.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (12.7%), Other (Hispanic) (5.87%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.14%), and White (Hispanic) (1.8%).

7.98% of the households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97% of the residents in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas (887 degrees awarded in 2022) and University of Arkansas Community College Rich Mountain (462 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was $120,000, and the homeownership rate was 72.3%.

Most people in West Arkansas PUMA, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.5 minutes. The average car ownership in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

West Arkansas PUMA, AR is home to a population of 134k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.17% of West Arkansas PUMA, AR residents were born outside of the country (5.59k people).

In 2022, there were 5.78 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (97.9k people) in West Arkansas PUMA, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.86k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are Spanish (8,574 households), Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (291 households), and Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages (239 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
70,840
Women
50.6%
69,130
Men
49.4%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 139,970 inhabitants, with 49.4% men, and 50.6% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

97%
2022 Citizenship
97.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97% of West Arkansas PUMA, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in West Arkansas PUMA, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in West Arkansas PUMA, AR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    97.9k ± 414
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    16.9k ± 450
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    7.86k ± 690
8.99%
Hispanic Population
12k people

In 2022, there were 5.78 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (97.9k people) in West Arkansas PUMA, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.86k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.99% of the people in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are hispanic (12k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in West Arkansas PUMA, AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    4,192 ± 1,566 people
  2. Honduras
    291 ± 418 people
  3. El Salvador
    230 ± 372 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Arkansas PUMA, AR was Mexico, the natal country of 4,192 West Arkansas PUMA, AR residents, followed by Honduras with 291 and El Salvador with 230.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.17%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
5.59k people
3.92%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
7.72k people

As of 2022, 4.17% of West Arkansas PUMA, AR residents (5.59k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was 3.92%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in West Arkansas PUMA, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    8,574 households (6.82%)
  2. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    291 households (0.231%)
  3. Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages
    239 households (0.19%)

7.98% of the households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was Spanish. 6.82% of the households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,956 ± 292
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,238 ± 238
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,150 ± 262

West Arkansas PUMA, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of West Arkansas PUMA, AR employs 51.9k people. The largest industries in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are Elementary & secondary schools (4,705 people), Animal slaughtering & processing (4,640 people), and Construction (3,050 people), and the highest paying industries are Natural gas distribution ($177,025), Other general government & support ($103,467), and Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($102,180).

Males in West Arkansas PUMA, AR have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,930. The income inequality in West Arkansas PUMA, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.407, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
36,794
Women
48.2%
39,487
Men
51.8%

The workforce of West Arkansas PUMA, AR in 2020 was 76,281 people, with 48.2% woman, and 51.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in West Arkansas PUMA, AR.

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Occupations

51.9k
2022 Value
−30%
1 Year decline
± −30%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in West Arkansas PUMA, AR declined at a rate of −30%, from 74.2k employees to 51.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in West Arkansas PUMA, AR, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,921 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,723 people), and Miscellaneous production workers, including semiconductor processors (1,594 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of West Arkansas PUMA, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

51.9k
2022 Value
−30%
1 Year decline
± −30%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in West Arkansas PUMA, AR declined at a rate of −30%, from 74.2k employees to 51.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in West Arkansas PUMA, AR, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,705 people), Animal slaughtering & processing (4,640 people), and Construction (3,050 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of West Arkansas PUMA, AR, though some of these residents may live in West Arkansas PUMA, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$41,244
Median earning men ± $1,396
$29,650
Median earning women ± $1,069

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($57,756), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,726), and Wholesale Trade ($47,566).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($40,557), Wholesale Trade ($39,637), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($38,750).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Arkansas went to Donald J. Trump with 62.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (34.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in West Arkansas PUMA, AR awarded 1,349 degrees. The student population of West Arkansas PUMA, AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 716 male students and 1,241 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are White (832 and 62.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (354 and 26.6%), Black or African American (73 and 5.48%), and Two or More Races (36 and 2.7%).

The largest universities in West Arkansas PUMA, AR by number of degrees awarded are Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas (887 and 65.8%) and University of Arkansas Community College Rich Mountain (462 and 34.2%).

The most popular majors in West Arkansas PUMA, AR are General Studies (228 and 16.9%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (201 and 14.9%), and Welding Technology (133 and 9.86%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,957 students enrolled in West Arkansas PUMA, AR, 36.6% men and 63.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,238 records, of which 64% were women and 36% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 107 degrees awarded
  2. 105 degrees awarded
  3. 87 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 107 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in West Arkansas PUMA, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 887 degrees awarded
  2. 462 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas with 887 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 570 men were awarded degrees from institutions in West Arkansas PUMA, AR, which is 0.732 times less than the 779 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 832 degrees mean that there were 2.35 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 354 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($2,538) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,372) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($570) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.15% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.19% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of West Arkansas PUMA, AR in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (44.2k), Some college (24.3k), and Secondary Education (19.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was $120,000 in 2022, which is 0.426 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $192,000 to $120,000, a 37.5% decrease. The homeownership rate in West Arkansas PUMA, AR is 72.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in West Arkansas PUMA, AR have an average commute time of 23.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in West Arkansas PUMA, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in West Arkansas PUMA, AR is $49,507. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was Benton County (Outer) PUMA, AR with a value of $87,382, followed by Benton County (Central)--Bentonville & Rogers Cities PUMA, AR and Saline, Grant & Perry Counties PUMA, AR, with respective values of $82,230 and $71,738.

Property

$120,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,405
$37,174
Median Property Taxes
±$1,216

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In West Arkansas PUMA, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in West Arkansas PUMA, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.3%
Homeownership
2022
69.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 72.3% of the housing units in West Arkansas PUMA, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in West Arkansas PUMA, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was Benton County (Outer) PUMA, AR with a value of $87,382, followed by Benton County (Central)--Bentonville & Rogers Cities PUMA, AR and Saline, Grant & Perry Counties PUMA, AR, with respective values of $82,230 and $71,738.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in West Arkansas PUMA, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$49,507
Median Household Income
± $1,721
51.4k
Number of Households
± 1,596

In 2022, the median household income of the 51.4k households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR declined from $49,507 from the previous year's value of $90,221.

The following chart displays the households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.407
2022 Wage GINI in West Arkansas PUMA, AR
0.409
2021 Wage GINI in West Arkansas PUMA, AR

In 2022, the income inequality in West Arkansas PUMA, AR was 0.407 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.276% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for West Arkansas PUMA, AR was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Arkansas PUMA, AR in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Arkansas PUMA, AR across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.9%)
  2. Carpooled (12.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.33%)

In 2022, 80.9% of workers in West Arkansas PUMA, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (12.4%) and those who worked at home (3.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in West Arkansas PUMA, AR have a shorter commute time (23.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.62% of the workforce in West Arkansas PUMA, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in West Arkansas PUMA, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in West Arkansas PUMA, AR have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in West Arkansas PUMA, AR (23.4k out of 131k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in West Arkansas PUMA, AR is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89.7% of the population of West Arkansas PUMA, AR has health coverage, with 35% on employee plans, 27.1% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.95% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Arkansas see 1471 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.39% decrease from the previous year (1507 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2087 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 399 patients per year.

Similarly, primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma.
1,471 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Arkansas
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas
1,627 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Oklahoma

Primary care physicians in Arkansas see an average of 1,471 patients per year. This represents a 2.39% decrease from the previous year (1,507 patients).

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

Primary care physicians in Oklahoma see an average of 1,627 patients per year. This represents a 0.914% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.4% under 18 years, 18.1% between 18 and 34 years, 38.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.4% were men and 51.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.3%
Uninsured
35%
Employer Coverage
27.1%
Medicaid
13.7%
Medicare
12%
Non-Group
1.95%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in West Arkansas PUMA, AR grew by 7.24% from 9.58% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in West Arkansas PUMA, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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