Washington County, TN

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Population

126,437

0.312% growth

Poverty Rate

16.5%


Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$44,180

0.594% decline

Number of Employees

59,101

0.846% growth

Median Property Value

$152,800

2.41% growth

About

In 2017, Washington County, TN had a population of 126k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $44,180. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Washington County, TN grew from 126,044 to 126,437, a 0.312% increase and its median household income declined from $44,444 to $44,180, a -0.594% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Washington County, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.83%), White (Hispanic) (2.33%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.86%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.55%). N/A% of the people in Washington County, TN speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington County, TN are East Tennessee State University (3,444 degrees awarded in 2017), Ross Medical Education Center-Johnson City (181 degrees), and Jenny Lea Academy of Cosmetology (451918) (57 degrees).

The median property value in Washington County, TN is $152,800, and the homeownership rate is 64.7%. Most people in Washington County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington County, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City at night

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Tennessee, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Tennessee across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Washington County, TN employs 59.1k people. The largest industries in Washington County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,282 people), Retail Trade (8,175 people), and Manufacturing (6,819 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,346), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($46,944), and Utilities ($45,849).

Median household income in Washington County, TN is $44,180. Males in Washington County, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Washington County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,180

2017 value

± $1,160

-0.594%

1 Year Growth

± 3.69%

Households in Washington County, TN have a median annual income of $44,180, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,444 in 2016, which represents a -0.594% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Washington County, TN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 617.01

  2. Census Tract 616.01

  3. Census Tract 614.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington County, TN was Census Tract 617.01 with a value of $71,445, followed by Census Tract 616.01 and Census Tract 614.01, with respective values of $63,750 and $61,016.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Washington County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington County, TN (20.1k out of 122k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,278 ± 1,071

  2. Black

    1,390 ± 315

  3. Hispanic

    1,183 ± 291

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington County, TN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

59.1k

2017 Value

± 1,812

0.846%

1 Year growth

± 4.34%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, TN grew at a rate of 0.846%, from 58.6k employees to 59.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington County, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,697 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,363 people), and Management Occupations (4,939 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington County, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,697 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,363 people), and Management Occupations (4,939 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.81 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.6 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington County, TN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($83,977), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,331), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($57,031).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

59.1k

2017 Value

± 1,812

0.846%

1 Year growth

± 4.34%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, TN grew at a rate of 0.846%, from 58.6k employees to 59.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,282 people), Retail Trade (8,175 people), and Manufacturing (6,819 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Washington County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington County, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,282 people), Retail Trade (8,175 people), and Manufacturing (6,819 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, TN has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.38 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.24 times), and Retail Trade (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington County, TN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,346), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($46,944), and Utilities ($45,849).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.9B

  2. $35.5B

  3. $29.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $38.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($35.5B) and Mixed freight ($29.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$366B

2020 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

43.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Tennessee trade was $366B. This is expected to increase 43.2% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.6B

  2. $18.7B

  3. $18.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $31.6B, followed by Texas with $18.7B and Georgia and $18.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.7% of the population of Washington County, TN has health coverage, with 46.6% on employee plans, 13.6% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 3% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Washington County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Washington County, TN see 579 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.55% decrease from the previous year (613 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1746 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 339 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

579 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington County, TN see an average of 579 patients per year. This represents a 5.55% decrease from the previous year (613 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%

Uninsured

46.6%

Employer Coverage

13.6%

Medicaid

12.1%

Medicare

14.3%

Non-Group

3%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington County, TN declined by 7% from 11.1% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Washington County, TN is home to a population of 126k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.73% of Washington County, TN residents were born outside of the country (4.72k people).

In 2017, there were 23.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (113k people) in Washington County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.84k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.95k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Washington County, TN was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Washington County, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Washington County, TN residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.73%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.72k people

3.55%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.47k people

As of 2017, 3.73% of Washington County, TN residents (4.72k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington County, TN was 3.55%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

97.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Washington County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Washington County, TN was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Washington County, TN

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    113k ± 28

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    4.84k ± 344

  3. White (Hispanic)

    2.95k ± 460

In 2017, there were 23.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (113k people) in Washington County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.84k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.95k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Washington County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,321 ± 401

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,411 ± 263

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,403 ± 289

Washington County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Washington County, TN awarded 3,682 degrees. The student population of Washington County, TN is skewed towards women, with 6,061 male students and 8,527 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington County, TN are White (3,102 and 88%), followed by Black or African American (172 and 4.88%), Two or More Races (74 and 2.1%), and Asian (69 and 1.96%).

The largest universities in Washington County, TN by number of degrees awarded are East Tennessee State University (3,444 and 93.5%), Ross Medical Education Center-Johnson City (181 and 4.92%), and Jenny Lea Academy of Cosmetology (451918) (57 and 1.55%).

The most popular majors in Washington County, TN are Registered Nursing (426 and 11.6%), General Health & Physical Education (160 and 4.35%), and General Business Administration & Management (157 and 4.26%).

The median tuition costs in Washington County, TN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,888 and $24,672 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 121 degrees awarded

  2. 117 degrees awarded

  3. 300 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Washington County, TN was General Health & Physical Education with 121 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Washington County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,444 degrees awarded

  2. 181 degrees awarded

  3. 57 degrees awarded

$6,888

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Washington County, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was East Tennessee State University with 3,444 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,313

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,369

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,313 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington County, TN, which is 0.554 times less than the 2,369 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Washington County, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,102 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    172 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    74 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Washington County, TN were to White students. These 3,102 degrees mean that there were 18 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 172 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington County, TN was $152,800 in 2017, which is 0.665 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $149,200 to $152,800, a 2.41% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington County, TN is 64.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Washington County, TN have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Washington County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$152,800

2017 Median

± $4,030

$149,200

2016 Median

± $3,766

In 2017, the median property value in Washington County, TN grew to to $152,800 from the previous year's value of $149,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,180

Median Household Income

± $1,160

52.7k

Number of Households

± 1,683

In 2017, the median household income of the 52.7k households in Washington County, TN declined from $44,180 from the previous year's value of $44,444.

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

65.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.7% of the housing units in Washington County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington County, TN have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.57% of the workforce in Washington County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.7%

  2. Carpooled

    6.55%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.81%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Washington County, TN was Drove Alone (85.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.55%) and those who Worked At Home (3.81%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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