Valley, AL

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Population

33,895

0.362% decline

Poverty Rate

18.8%


Median Age

43


Median Household Income

$37,342

3.65% growth

Number of Employees

14,527

3.54% growth

Median Property Value

$86,400

4.1% growth

About

In 2017, Valley, AL had a population of 33.9k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $37,342. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Valley, AL declined from 34,018 to 33,895, a -0.362% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,027 to $37,342, a 3.65% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Valley, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (56.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (39.3%), White (Hispanic) (1.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (0.985%). N/A% of the people in Valley, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Valley, AL is $86,400, and the homeownership rate is 66.5%. Most people in Valley, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Valley, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Valley, AL employs 14.5k people. The largest industries in Valley, AL are Manufacturing (4,093 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,756 people), and Retail Trade (1,739 people), and the highest paying industries are Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($115,660), Utilities ($53,036), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,838).

Median household income in Valley, AL is $37,342. Males in Valley, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Valley, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,342

2017 value

± $2,011

3.65%

1 Year Growth

± 7.22%

Households in Valley, AL have a median annual income of $37,342, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,027 in 2016, which represents a 3.65% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Valley, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Valley, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Valley, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $71,230, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $67,000 and $63,111.

The following map shows all of the counties in Valley, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Valley, AL (6.29k out of 33.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    3,061 ± 368

  2. White

    2,962 ± 381

  3. Hispanic

    410 ± 242

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Valley, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.5k

2017 Value

± 787

3.54%

1 Year growth

± 7.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Valley, AL grew at a rate of 3.54%, from 14k employees to 14.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Valley, AL, are Production Occupations (2,724 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,889 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,455 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Valley, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Valley, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,724 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,889 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,455 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Valley, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.23 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.38 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Valley, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,167), Management Occupations ($56,472), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($53,415).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.5k

2017 Value

± 787

3.54%

1 Year growth

± 7.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Valley, AL grew at a rate of 3.54%, from 14k employees to 14.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Valley, AL, are Manufacturing (4,093 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,756 people), and Retail Trade (1,739 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Valley, AL, though some of these residents may live in Valley, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Valley, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,093 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,756 people), and Retail Trade (1,739 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Valley, AL has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (6.31 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.78 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.54 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Valley, AL, by median earnings, are Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation ($115,660), Utilities ($53,036), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,838).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.8% of the population of Valley, AL has health coverage, with 40.7% on employee plans, 19.3% on Medicaid, 15.8% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.48% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Valley, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Valley, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.2%

Uninsured

40.7%

Employer Coverage

19.3%

Medicaid

15.8%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.48%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Valley, AL grew by 3% from 11.8% to 12.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Valley, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Valley, AL is home to a population of 33.9k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.3% of Valley, AL residents were born outside of the country (441 people).

In 2017, there were 1.43 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19k people) in Valley, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 507 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Valley, AL was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Valley, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Valley, AL residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

441 people

0.991%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

337 people

As of 2017, 1.3% of Valley, AL residents (441 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Valley, AL was 0.991%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Valley, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Valley, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Valley, AL was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Valley, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Valley, AL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    19k ± 3

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    13.3k ± 138

  3. White (Hispanic)

    507 ± 172

In 2017, there were 1.43 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19k people) in Valley, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 507 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Valley, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,015 ± 187

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    406 ± 107

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    302 ± 103

Valley, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Valley, AL was $86,400 in 2017, which is 0.376 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,000 to $86,400, a 4.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Valley, AL is 66.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Valley, AL have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Valley, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$86,400

2017 Median

± $4,374

$83,000

2016 Median

± $3,818

In 2017, the median property value in Valley, AL grew to to $86,400 from the previous year's value of $83,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Valley, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Valley, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,342

Median Household Income

± $2,011

13.7k

Number of Households

± 717

In 2017, the median household income of the 13.7k households in Valley, AL grew to $37,342 from the previous year's value of $36,027.

The following chart displays the households in Valley, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Valley, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Valley, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.5%

2017 Homeownership

67.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.5% of the housing units in Valley, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Valley, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Valley, AL have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.07% of the workforce in Valley, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Valley, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.67%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.97%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Valley, AL was Drove Alone (87.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.67%) and those who Worked At Home (1.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Valley, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Valley, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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