Union County, TN

County

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Population
19,293
0.61% 1-year growth
US Senator
Lamar Alexander
Republican Party
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
Median Age
42.3

Poverty Rate
21.6%

Median Household Income
$41,352
3.04% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$120,000
5.08% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
7,209
0.428% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Union County, TN had a population of 19.3k people with a median age of 42.3 and a median household income of $41,352. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Union County, TN grew from 19,176 to 19,293, a 0.61% increase and its median household income grew from $40,132 to $41,352, a 3.04% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (96.4%), White (Hispanic) (1.29%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.14%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.446%), and Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) (0.228%). NaNk% of the people in Union County, TN speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, TN is $120,000, and the homeownership rate is 74.6%. Most people in Union County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, TN is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Tennessee, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Tennessee across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 80.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (16.2%), followed by Other (2.91%). The most partisan county was Wayne County, TN with 86% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Lamar Alexander and Marsha Blackburn are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Union County, TN is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Tennessee.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Tennessee
80.9% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Tennessee
  1. 86% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 84.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 83.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Tennessee was Wayne County, TN with 86% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Tennessee colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Lamar Alexander
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2003
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Lamar Alexander and Marsha Blackburn are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Union County, TN have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Union County, TN is home to a population of 19.3k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2018, 0.679% of Union County, TN residents were born outside of the country (131 people).

In 2018, there were 74.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (18.6k people) in Union County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 249 White (Hispanic) and 219 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    18.6k ± 19
  2. White (Hispanic)
    249 ± 49
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    219 ± 70.6
1.57%
Hispanic Population
303 people

In 2018, there were 74.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (18.6k people) in Union County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 249 White (Hispanic) and 219 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.57% of the people in Union County, TN are hispanic (303 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.679%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
131 people
0.61%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
117 people

As of 2018, 0.679% of Union County, TN residents (131 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, TN was 0.61%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.6
56
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 15.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Union County, TN was 42.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 56. But people in Union County, TN are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Union County, TN residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    92,263 ± 7,405 people
  2. India
    21,162 ± 3,566 people
  3. Guatemala
    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2018 Citizenship
99.5%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 99.4% of Union County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, TN was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    662 ± 136
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    224 ± 95
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    156 ± 83

Union County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Union County, TN is $41,352. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, TN was Census Tract 403 with a value of $46,012, followed by Census Tract 402.02 and Census Tract 402.01, with respective values of $45,472 and $41,397.

Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Union County, TN employs 7.21k people. The largest industries in Union County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,187 people), Manufacturing (1,144 people), and Construction (922 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($60,833), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,833), and Wholesale Trade ($55,125).

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,352
2018 value
± $2,106
3.04%
1 Year Growth
± 10.3%

Households in Union County, TN have a median annual income of $41,352, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,132 in 2017, which represents a 3.04% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Union County, TN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
$57,961
Average Male Salary in Tennessee
± $1,374
$42,201
Average Female Salary in Tennessee
± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Tennessee
  1. Asian
    $53,011 ± $6,619
  2. White
    $46,471 ± $904
  3. American Indian
    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Tennessee.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, TN is from Tennessee.
0.466
2017 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.465
2016 Wage GINI in Tennessee

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 403
  2. Census Tract 402.02
  3. Census Tract 402.01

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, TN was Census Tract 403 with a value of $46,012, followed by Census Tract 402.02 and Census Tract 402.01, with respective values of $45,472 and $41,397.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, TN (4.1k out of 19k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    3,975 ± 380
  2. Hispanic
    107 ± 99
  3. Black
    53 ± 90

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, TN is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.21k
2018 Value
± 553
-0.428%
1 Year decline
± 11%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union County, TN declined at a rate of -0.428%, from 7.24k employees to 7.21k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, TN, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (846 people), Production Occupations (818 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (813 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, TN, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (846 people), Production Occupations (818 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (813 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.46 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.33 times), and Production Occupations (1.98 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, TN, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($68,667), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,778), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($55,365).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.21k
2018 Value
± 553
-0.428%
1 Year decline
± 11%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Union County, TN declined at a rate of -0.428%, from 7.24k employees to 7.21k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,187 people), Manufacturing (1,144 people), and Construction (922 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Union County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,187 people), Manufacturing (1,144 people), and Construction (922 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, TN has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.36 times higher than expected), Construction (2 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.96 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($60,833), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,833), and Wholesale Trade ($55,125).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $33.7B
  2. $31.1B
  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.1B) and Mixed freight ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee.
$333B
2015 Value in Tennessee
$525B
Projected 2045 Value in Tennessee
57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.6B
  2. $17.3B
  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, TN was $120,000 in 2018, which is 0.522 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $114,200 to $120,000, a 5.08% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, TN is 74.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, TN have an average commute time of 31.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$120,000
2018 Median
± $8,363
$114,200
2017 Median
± $10,808

In 2018, the median property value in Union County, TN grew to to $120,000 from the previous year's value of $114,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,352
Median Household Income
± $2,106
7.13k
Number of Households
± 527

In 2018, the median household income of the 7.13k households in Union County, TN grew to $41,352 from the previous year's value of $40,132.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.6%
2018 Homeownership
75.6%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 74.6% of the housing units in Union County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, TN have a longer commute time (31.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.6% of the workforce in Union County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    85.6%
  2. Carpooled
    8.57%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.93%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, TN was Drove Alone (85.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.57%) and those who Worked At Home (4.93%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

88.1% of the population of Union County, TN has health coverage, with 34.4% on employee plans, 24% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 2.06% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Tennessee was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Union County, TN see 9560 patients per year on average, which represents a 50.1% increase from the previous year (6371 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4785 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1472 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

9,560 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, TN

Primary care physicians in Union County, TN see an average of 9,560 patients per year. This represents a 50.1% increase from the previous year (6,371 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
$7,372
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Tennessee
$4,680
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,677
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,371
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.9%
Uninsured
34.4%
Employer Coverage
24%
Medicaid
14.9%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
2.06%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, TN grew by 0.387% from 11.9% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 17.5% prevalence
  2. 17% prevalence
  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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