Troy, AL

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Population

33,287

0.0301% growth

Poverty Rate

26.3%


Median Age

31.4


Median Household Income

$35,684

7.5% growth

Number of Employees

14,352

0.112% growth

Median Property Value

$109,200

6.74% growth

About

In 2017, Troy, AL had a population of 33.3k people with a median age of 31.4 and a median household income of $35,684. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Troy, AL grew from 33,277 to 33,287, a 0.0301% increase and its median household income grew from $33,193 to $35,684, a 7.5% increase.

The population of Troy, AL is 56.4% White Alone, 37.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.2% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Troy, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Troy, AL are Troy University (3,842 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Troy, AL is $109,200, and the homeownership rate is 59.2%. Most people in Troy, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Troy, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Alabama compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Troy, AL employs 14.4k people. The largest industries in Troy, AL are Educational Services (2,312 people), Manufacturing (2,179 people), and Retail Trade (2,043 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($56,125), Utilities ($50,625), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,422).

Median household income in Troy, AL is $35,684. Males in Troy, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Troy, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,684

2017 value

± $2,430

7.5%

1 Year Growth

± 9.15%

Households in Troy, AL have a median annual income of $35,684, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,193 in 2016, which represents a 7.5% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Troy, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Troy, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Troy, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $71,230, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $67,000 and $63,111.

The following map shows all of the counties in Troy, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Troy, AL (8.22k out of 31.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    4,556 ± 562

  2. White

    3,126 ± 423

  3. Two Or More

    326 ± 217

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Troy, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.4k

2017 Value

± 1,005

0.112%

1 Year growth

± 9.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Troy, AL grew at a rate of 0.112%, from 14.3k employees to 14.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Troy, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,066 people), Production Occupations (1,729 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,441 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Troy, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Troy, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,066 people), Production Occupations (1,729 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,441 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Troy, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.08 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.93 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.91 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Troy, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,810), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($59,949), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($56,810).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.4k

2017 Value

± 1,005

0.112%

1 Year growth

± 9.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Troy, AL grew at a rate of 0.112%, from 14.3k employees to 14.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Troy, AL, are Educational Services (2,312 people), Manufacturing (2,179 people), and Retail Trade (2,043 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Troy, AL, though some of these residents may live in Troy, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Troy, AL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (2,312 people), Manufacturing (2,179 people), and Retail Trade (2,043 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Troy, AL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.32 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.74 times), and Manufacturing (1.5 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Troy, AL, by median earnings, are Information ($56,125), Utilities ($50,625), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,422).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of Troy, AL has health coverage, with 47.9% on employee plans, 18.1% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 2.74% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Troy, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Troy, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.83%

Uninsured

47.9%

Employer Coverage

18.1%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

12.1%

Non-Group

2.74%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Troy, AL declined by 16.3% from 10.6% to 8.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Troy, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Troy, AL is home to a population of 33.3k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.39% of Troy, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.13k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Troy, AL is composed of 18.8k White Alone residents (56.4%), 12.6k Black or African American Alone residents (37.9%), 731 Asian Alone residents (2.2%), 653 Two or More Races residents (1.96%), 282 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.847%), 213 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.64%), 18 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0541%), and 2 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00601%).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

26

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Troy, AL was 31.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 26. But people in Troy, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Troy, AL residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.39%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.13k people

3.89%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.29k people

As of 2017, 3.39% of Troy, AL residents (1.13k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Troy, AL was 3.89%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Troy, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

96.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.1% of Troy, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Troy, AL was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Troy, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    18.8k ± 30

  2. Black or African American Alone

    12.6k ± 418

  3. Asian Alone

    731 ± 26

In 2017, there were 1.49 times more White Alone residents (18.8k people) in Troy, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.6k Black or African American Alone and 731 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Troy, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    697 ± 115

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    328 ± 156

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    252 ± 84

Troy, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Troy, AL awarded 3,842 degrees. The student population of Troy, AL is skewed towards women, with 6,770 male students and 10,751 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Troy, AL are White (1,946 and 53%), followed by Black or African American (1,219 and 33.2%), Unknown (186 and 5.07%), and Hispanic or Latino (152 and 4.14%).

The largest universities in Troy, AL by number of degrees awarded are Troy University (3,842 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Troy, AL are General Business Administration & Management (393 and 10.2%), Registered Nursing (300 and 7.81%), and General Psychology (299 and 7.78%).

The median tuition costs in Troy, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,584 and $15,168 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 257 degrees awarded

  2. 299 degrees awarded

  3. 280 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Troy, AL was General Business Administration & Management with 257 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Troy, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

3,842 degrees awarded

$7,584

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Troy, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Troy University with 3,842 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,362

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,480

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,362 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Troy, AL, which is 0.549 times less than the 2,480 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Troy, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,946 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,219 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    186 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Troy, AL were to White students. These 1,946 degrees mean that there were 1.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,219 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Troy, AL was $109,200 in 2017, which is 0.475 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $102,300 to $109,200, a 6.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Troy, AL is 59.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Troy, AL have an average commute time of 19.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Troy, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$109,200

2017 Median

± $8,713

$102,300

2016 Median

± $8,092

In 2017, the median property value in Troy, AL grew to to $109,200 from the previous year's value of $102,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Troy, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Troy, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,684

Median Household Income

± $2,430

12.3k

Number of Households

± 781

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.3k households in Troy, AL grew to $35,684 from the previous year's value of $33,193.

The following chart displays the households in Troy, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Troy, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Troy, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.2%

2017 Homeownership

59.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.2% of the housing units in Troy, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 59.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Troy, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Troy, AL have a shorter commute time (19.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.53% of the workforce in Troy, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Troy, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.6%

  2. Carpooled

    7.88%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.56%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Troy, AL was Drove Alone (84.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.88%) and those who Worked At Home (4.56%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Troy, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Troy, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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