Salem city, VA

County

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Population
25,519
0.00784% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
Median Age
41.3

Poverty Rate
9.1%

Median Household Income
$57,185
5.92% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$176,800
1.61% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
12,228
1.75% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Salem city, VA had a population of 25.5k people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $57,185. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Salem city, VA declined from 25,521 to 25,519, a -0.00784% decrease and its median household income grew from $53,990 to $57,185, a 5.92% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Salem city, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.56%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.65%), White (Hispanic) (1.93%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.78%). NaNk% of the people in Salem city, VA speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem city, VA are Roanoke College (487 degrees awarded in 2017) and American National University (365 degrees).

The median property value in Salem city, VA is $176,800, and the homeownership rate is 64.9%. Most people in Salem city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Salem city, VA borders Roanoke County, VA and Roanoke city, VA.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Salem city, VA went to Donald J. Trump with 59.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (34.4%), followed by Other (6.52%). The most partisan county was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Virginia.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Salem city, VA
59.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Virginia
  1. 87.2% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 82% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Virginia was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Salem city, VA is home to a population of 25.5k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2018, 2.57% of Salem city, VA residents were born outside of the country (655 people).

In 2018, there were 13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.8k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.67k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 675 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Salem city, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    21.8k ± 99
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.67k ± 172
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    675 ± 205
3.24%
Hispanic Population
827 people

In 2018, there were 13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.8k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.67k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 675 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.24% of the people in Salem city, VA are hispanic (827 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Salem city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.57%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
655 people
2.24%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
572 people

As of 2018, 2.57% of Salem city, VA residents (655 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem city, VA was 2.24%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

41
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
37
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 8.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Salem city, VA was 41.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Salem city, VA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Salem city, VA residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    103,545 ± 7,851 people
  2. India
    82,876 ± 7,033 people
  3. Mexico
    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

98.5%
2018 Citizenship
98.9%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.5% of Salem city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Salem city, VA was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    621 ± 149
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    413 ± 145
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    296 ± 99

Salem city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Salem city, VA is $57,185. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $69,554, followed by Census Tract 105.02 and Census Tract 105.01, with respective values of $65,956 and $62,708.

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Salem city, VA employs 12.2k people. The largest industries in Salem city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,037 people), Educational Services (1,731 people), and Retail Trade (1,324 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($51,339), Public Administration ($50,385), and Finance & Insurance ($47,623).

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,185
2018 value
± $3,326
5.92%
1 Year Growth
± 7.05%

Households in Salem city, VA have a median annual income of $57,185, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,990 in 2017, which represents a 5.92% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
$74,183
Average Male Salary in Virginia
± $1,323
$55,180
Average Female Salary in Virginia
± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Virginia
  1. Asian
    $68,169 ± $3,324
  2. White
    $60,529 ± $977
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Virginia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem city, VA is from Virginia.
0.478
2017 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.477
2016 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 102
  2. Census Tract 105.02
  3. Census Tract 105.01

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $69,554, followed by Census Tract 105.02 and Census Tract 105.01, with respective values of $65,956 and $62,708.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Salem city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem city, VA (2.1k out of 23k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,404 ± 276
  2. Black
    458 ± 201
  3. Asian
    142 ± 124

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem city, VA is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.2k
2018 Value
± 734
-1.75%
1 Year decline
± 8.6%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Salem city, VA declined at a rate of -1.75%, from 12.4k employees to 12.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,560 people), Management Occupations (1,121 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,100 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,560 people), Management Occupations (1,121 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,100 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.81 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.7 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($74,375), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,382), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($70,610).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.2k
2018 Value
± 734
-1.75%
1 Year decline
± 8.6%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Salem city, VA declined at a rate of -1.75%, from 12.4k employees to 12.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,037 people), Educational Services (1,731 people), and Retail Trade (1,324 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Salem city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,037 people), Educational Services (1,731 people), and Retail Trade (1,324 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem city, VA has an unusually high number of Wholesale Trade (1.6 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.53 times), and Utilities (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem city, VA, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($51,339), Public Administration ($50,385), and Finance & Insurance ($47,623).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $27.5B
  2. $26B
  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$254B
2015 Value in Virginia
$373B
Projected 2045 Value in Virginia
46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $23.4B
  2. $12.9B
  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Salem city, VA awarded 852 degrees. The student population of Salem city, VA is skewed towards women, with 1,025 male students and 1,990 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem city, VA are White (587 and 70.5%), followed by Black or African American (97 and 11.6%), Unknown (87 and 10.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (27 and 3.24%).

The largest universities in Salem city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Roanoke College (487 and 57.2%) and American National University (365 and 42.8%).

The most popular majors in Salem city, VA are General Business Administration & Management (172 and 20.2%), Phlebotamy Technician (86 and 10.1%), and Medical Assistant (79 and 9.27%).

The median tuition costs in Salem city, VA are $41,110 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 106 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 49 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 35 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem city, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 106 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 487 degrees awarded
  2. 365 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$41,110
Median Private

In 2017, the Salem city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Roanoke College with 487 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

242
Degrees Awarded to Men
610
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 242 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem city, VA, which is 0.397 times less than the 610 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Salem city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    587 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    97 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    87 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem city, VA were to White students. These 587 degrees mean that there were 6.05 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 97 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem city, VA was $176,800 in 2018, which is 0.77 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $174,000 to $176,800, a 1.61% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem city, VA is 64.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem city, VA have an average commute time of 18.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$176,800
2018 Median
± $5,942
$174,000
2017 Median
± $6,259

In 2018, the median property value in Salem city, VA grew to to $176,800 from the previous year's value of $174,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$57,185
Median Household Income
± $3,326
9.88k
Number of Households
± 626

In 2018, the median household income of the 9.88k households in Salem city, VA grew to $57,185 from the previous year's value of $53,990.

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.9%
2018 Homeownership
65.5%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 64.9% of the housing units in Salem city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem city, VA have a shorter commute time (18.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 0.823% of the workforce in Salem city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    83.2%
  2. Carpooled
    6.96%
  3. Worked At Home
    5.41%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem city, VA was Drove Alone (83.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.96%) and those who Worked At Home (5.41%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

93.1% of the population of Salem city, VA has health coverage, with 58.3% on employee plans, 7.76% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 2.43% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see 748 patients per year on average, which represents a 17.4% increase from the previous year (637 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 730 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 144 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Halifax County and Mecklenburg County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

748 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Salem city, VA

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see an average of 748 patients per year. This represents a 17.4% increase from the previous year (637 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Salem city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
$7,556
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Virginia
$4,218
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,361
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,677
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.86%
Uninsured
58.3%
Employer Coverage
7.76%
Medicaid
14%
Medicare
10.6%
Non-Group
2.43%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem city, VA declined by 12.2% from 7.81% to 6.86%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.6% prevalence
  2. 15.6% prevalence
  3. 15.4% prevalence

Halifax County and Mecklenburg County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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