Polk County, MN

County

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2022 Population
31,128
0.559% 1-year decline
US Senator
Amy Klobuchar
Democratic (DFL) Party
US Senator
Tina Smith
Democratic (DFL) Party
2022 Median Age
39.3
0.769% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
11.6%
3% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$69,540
12.8% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$204,600
12.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
15,268
1.78% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Polk County, MN had a population of 31.1k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $69,540. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Polk County, MN declined from 31,303 to 31,128, a −0.559% decrease and its median household income grew from $61,643 to $69,540, a 12.8% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Polk County, MN are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.87%), White (Hispanic) (2.74%), Two+ (Hispanic) (2.52%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.42%).

None of the households in Polk County, MN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.7% of the residents in Polk County, MN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Polk County, MN are University of Minnesota-Crookston (446 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Polk County, MN was $204,600, and the homeownership rate was 71.6%.

Most people in Polk County, MN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Polk County, MN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Polk County, MN is home to a population of 31.1k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.88% of Polk County, MN residents were born outside of the country (895 people).

In 2022, there were 29.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (26.4k people) in Polk County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 894 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 853 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.7%
2022 Citizenship
98.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.7% of Polk County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Polk County, MN was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Polk County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Polk County, MN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    26.4k ± 168
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    894 ± 247
  3. White (Hispanic)
    853 ± 174
6.8%
Hispanic Population
2.12k people

In 2022, there were 29.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (26.4k people) in Polk County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 894 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 853 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.8% of the people in Polk County, MN are hispanic (2.12k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Polk County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    53,321 ± 5,642 people
  2. Somalia
    38,263 ± 4,786 people
  3. India
    30,262 ± 4,259 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 53,321 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 38,263 and India with 30,262.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.88%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
895 people
3.05%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
954 people

As of 2022, 2.88% of Polk County, MN residents (895 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Polk County, MN was 3.05%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Polk County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    728 ± 130
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    223 ± 84
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    184 ± 55

Polk County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Polk County, MN employs 15.3k people. The largest industries in Polk County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,770 people), Retail Trade (1,893 people), and Educational Services (1,689 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($92,708), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($70,218), and Public Administration ($69,444).

Males in Minnesota have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $68,089. The income inequality in Minnesota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

15.3k
2022 Value
± 690
1.78%
1 Year growth
± 6.28%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County, MN grew at a rate of 1.78%, from 15k employees to 15.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Polk County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,658 people), Management Occupations (1,643 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,484 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Polk County, MN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Minnesota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

15.3k
2022 Value
± 690
1.78%
1 Year growth
± 6.28%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County, MN grew at a rate of 1.78%, from 15k employees to 15.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Polk County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,770 people), Retail Trade (1,893 people), and Educational Services (1,689 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Polk County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Polk County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$52,207
Median earning men ± $1,930
$35,946
Median earning women ± $1,878

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($103,958), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($71,794), and Public Administration ($69,500).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($69,167), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,500), and Wholesale Trade ($48,333).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Y-Axis
2.26%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.93M people employed in Minnesota. This represents a 2.26% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Minnesota.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 230
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 173
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 142
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Polk County, MN went to Donald J. Trump with 63.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (34.9%), followed by Other (1.07%).

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Minnesota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Minnesota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Amy Klobuchar
Senator from Minnesota1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the Democratic Party (United States)|U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
Tina Smith
Senator from Minnesota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Al Franken.

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing Minnesota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Minnesota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Minnesota

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Minnesota have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Polk County, MN awarded 446 degrees. The student population of Polk County, MN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 932 male students and 1,371 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Polk County, MN are White (345 and 79.9%), followed by Black or African American (23 and 5.32%), Asian (19 and 4.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (18 and 4.17%).

The largest universities in Polk County, MN by number of degrees awarded are University of Minnesota-Crookston (446 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Polk County, MN are Accounting (57 and 12.8%), General Finance (36 and 8.07%), and Health Care Administration & Management (30 and 6.73%).

The median tuition cost in Polk County, MN for a public four year colleges is $11,362 for in-state students and $11,362 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Polk County, MN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 57.2%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,303 (40.5% men and 59.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,303 students enrolled in Polk County, MN, 40.5% men and 59.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,736 records, of which 60% were women and 40% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 57 degrees awarded
  2. 36 degrees awarded
  3. 30 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Polk County, MN was Accounting with 57 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Polk County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
446 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Minnesota-Crookston with 446 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 205 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Polk County, MN, which is 0.851 times less than the 241 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 345 degrees mean that there were 15 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 23 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($11,362) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,648) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Measure

In 2022, 0.877% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.991% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.07M), Bachelors Degree (1.04M), and Some college (962k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Polk County, MN was $204,600 in 2022, which is 0.726 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $181,500 to $204,600, a 12.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Polk County, MN is 71.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Polk County, MN have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Polk County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Polk County, MN is $69,540. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Polk County, MN was Census Tract 203 with a value of $105,930, followed by Census Tract 204 and Census Tract 205, with respective values of $94,813 and $92,841.

In 2022, 14% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Polk County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.783%.

Property

$204,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,175
$8,925
Median Property Taxes
±$441

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Polk County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Polk County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

71.6%
Homeownership
2022
65.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 71.6% of the housing units in Polk County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Polk County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 203
  2. Census Tract 204
  3. Census Tract 205

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Polk County, MN was Census Tract 203 with a value of $105,930, followed by Census Tract 204 and Census Tract 205, with respective values of $94,813 and $92,841.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Polk County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$69,540
Median Household Income
± $3,726
12.5k
Number of Households
± 592

In 2022, the median household income of the 12.5k households in Polk County, MN grew to $69,540 from the previous year's value of $61,643.

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Polk County, MN is from Minnesota.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Minnesota
0.459
2021 Wage GINI in Minnesota

In 2022, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.267% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.6%)
  2. Carpooled (8.64%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.93%)

In 2022, 77.6% of workers in Polk County, MN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.64%) and those who worked at home (5.93%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Polk County, MN have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Polk County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Polk County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Polk County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Polk County, MN have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 14% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Polk County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.783%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Polk County, MN (3.47k out of 30k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Polk County, MN is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 12% of the children was living in poverty in Polk County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 5.6%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 193 in Polk County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 11.7 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

95.2% of the population of Polk County, MN has health coverage, with 49.3% on employee plans, 18.6% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.69% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Polk County, MN see 1960 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.558% decrease from the previous year (1971 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1931 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 386 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.4% were men and 49.6% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,960 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Polk County, MN

Primary care physicians in Polk County, MN see an average of 1,960 patients per year. This represents a 0.558% decrease from the previous year (1,971 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Polk County, MN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.4% under 18 years, 19.1% between 18 and 34 years, 36.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.4% were men and 49.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.76%
Uninsured
49.3%
Employer Coverage
18.6%
Medicaid
13.4%
Medicare
12.3%
Non-Group
1.69%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Polk County, MN declined by 10.3% from 5.31% to 4.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Polk County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 45.8 in Polk County, MN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, MN.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34% in Polk County, MN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, MN.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.57% in Polk County, MN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Polk County, MN.

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