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0.14% decline
Median Age
Median Household Income
2.16% growth
Poverty Rate
Number of Employees
0.59% growth
Median Property Value
2.05% growth

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.


The economy of Pennsylvania employs 5.84M people. The economy of Pennsylvania is specialized in Railroad rolling stock manufacturing; Sugar & confectionery products; and Prefabricated wood buildings & mobile homes, which employ respectively 4.43; 3.3; and 2.77 times more people than what would be expected in a location of this size. The largest industries in Pennsylvania are Hospitals (347,409), Restaurants & Food Services (339,212), and Elementary & secondary schools (333,013), and the highest paying industries are Software publishing ($119,578), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($112,173), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($110,857).

Median household income in Pennsylvania is $56,907. Males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,584. The income inequality of Pennsylvania (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472 which is lower than the national average.


Median Household Income

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

Wage by Race & Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Wage Distribution

Income by Location

Poverty by Age and Gender

Poverty by Race & Ethnicity


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Employment by Industries

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Health & Safety

Insurance and Medicare coverage combined with state and county level health and safety statistics for Pennsylvania. In Pennsylvania the age groups most likely to have health care coverage are 6-17 and 55-64, men and women, respectively. The location has a 1 to 81 primary care clinician to patient ratio and a Medicare reimbursement average per patient per year of $9,864. Philadelphia County, PA has the highest prevalence of homicides of any county in Pennsylvania.


Clinician to Patient Rates

Insurance Coverage by Age and Gender

Medicare Enrollment and Reimbursements by Location

Trends in Medicare Enrollment and Reimbursements

Hospital Care for Medicare Patients

Heart Disease and Pneumonia

Diabetes Care

Preventative Women’s Health Services

Health Risks

Opioid Use

Conditions and Diseases

Risky/Harmful Behaviors

Homicide & Crime


Pennsylvania is home to a population of 12.8M people, from which 96.7% are citizens. The ethnic composition of the population of Pennsylvania is composed of 9.8M White residents (76.9%), 1.35M Black residents (10.6%), 900,002 Hispanic residents (7.04%), 420,202 Asian residents (3.29%), and 245,081 Two+ residents (1.92%). The most common foreign languages in Pennsylvania are Spanish (548,849 speakers), Chinese (83,896 speakers), and Other West Germanic (66,196 speakers), but compared to other places, Pennsylvania has a relative high number of Other West Germanic (66,196 speakers), Italian (41,521 speakers), and Other Slavic (18,723 speakers).


Age by Nativity


Global Diversity


Race & Ethnicity

Non-English Speakers




In 2015 universities in Pennsylvania awarded 206,164 degrees. The student population of Pennsylvania is skewed towards females, with 88,946 male students and 117,218 female students. Most students in Pennsylvania are White (139,020 and 67.4%), followed by Black or African American (19,509 and 9.5%), Unknown (12,278 and 5.96%), and Hispanic or Latino (10,333 and 5.01%). The largest universities in Pennsylvania by number of graduates are Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus (13,222 and 6.41%), University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus (9,885 and 4.79%), and University of Pennsylvania (8,871 and 4.3%). The most popular majors in Pennsylvania are General Psychology (5,524 and 2.68%), Registered Nursing (5,262 and 2.55%), and General Business Administration & Management (5,201 and 2.52%). The median tuition costs in Pennsylvania are $38,556 for private four year colleges, and $12,688 and $18,300 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.



Student Gender for Common Institutions

Student Race & Ethnicity

Housing & Living

The median property value in Pennsylvania is $174,100, which is 0.85 times smaller than the national average of $205,000. Between 2015 and 2016 the median property value increased from $170,600 to $174,100, a 2.05% increase. The homeownership rate of Pennsylvania is 68.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.1%. People in Pennsylvania have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Pennsylvania is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.


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Rent vs Own


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Commute Time

Commuter Transportation

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