Passaic County, NJ

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Population

503,310

1.81% decline

Poverty Rate

17%


Median Age

37.4


Median Household Income

$75,259

17.2% growth

Number of Employees

247,660

0.504% growth

Median Property Value

$351,500

5.21% growth

About

In 2018, Passaic County, NJ had a population of 503k people with a median age of 37.4 and a median household income of $75,259. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Passaic County, NJ declined from 512,607 to 503,310, a -1.81% decrease and its median household income grew from $64,233 to $75,259, a 17.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Passaic County, NJ are White (Non-Hispanic) (40.6%), White (Hispanic) (21.8%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (18.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.4%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.29%). N/A% of the people in Passaic County, NJ speak a non-English language, and 86.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Passaic County, NJ are Montclair State University (5,241 degrees awarded in 2017), William Paterson University of New Jersey (2,462 degrees), and Berkeley College-Woodland Park (1,293 degrees).

The median property value in Passaic County, NJ is $351,500, and the homeownership rate is 52.2%. Most people in Passaic County, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Passaic County, NJ is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Jersey, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Jersey across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Passaic County, NJ employs 248k people. The largest industries in Passaic County, NJ are Manufacturing (33,675 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,285 people), and Retail Trade (31,191 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($91,146), Finance & Insurance ($76,053), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($74,493).

Median household income in Passaic County, NJ is $75,259. Males in Passaic County, NJ have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,578. The income inequality in Passaic County, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$75,259

2018 value

± $4,240

17.2%

1 Year Growth

± 6.79%

Households in Passaic County, NJ have a median annual income of $75,259, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $64,233 in 2017, which represents a 17.2% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Passaic County, NJ compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

$89,489

Average Male Salary

± $1,731

$65,578

Average Female Salary

± $1,240

In 2018, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $86,392 ± $3,381

  2. White

    $72,755 ± $1,266

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,823 ± $4,874

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Passaic County, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0656% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2460.02

  2. Census Tract 2462.03

  3. Census Tract 2462.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Passaic County, NJ was Census Tract 2460.02 with a value of $135,870, followed by Census Tract 2462.03 and Census Tract 2462.01, with respective values of $134,722 and $134,180.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Passaic County, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Passaic County, NJ (85.6k out of 503k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    52,443 ± 1,550

  2. White

    39,417 ± 1,480

  3. Other

    23,623 ± 1,150

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Passaic County, NJ is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

248k

2018 Value

± 8,391

0.504%

1 Year growth

± 4.85%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Passaic County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.504%, from 246k employees to 248k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Passaic County, NJ, are Sales & Related Occupations (29,327 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,200 people), and Production Occupations (22,394 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Passaic County, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Passaic County, NJ, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (29,327 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,200 people), and Production Occupations (22,394 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Passaic County, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.72 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.66 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Passaic County, NJ, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($95,654), Management Occupations ($84,533), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($76,741).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

248k

2018 Value

± 8,391

0.504%

1 Year growth

± 4.85%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Passaic County, NJ grew at a rate of 0.504%, from 246k employees to 248k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Passaic County, NJ, are Manufacturing (33,675 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,285 people), and Retail Trade (31,191 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Passaic County, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Passaic County, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Passaic County, NJ, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (33,675 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,285 people), and Retail Trade (31,191 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Passaic County, NJ has an unusually high number of Wholesale Trade (1.73 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.4 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Passaic County, NJ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($91,146), Finance & Insurance ($76,053), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($74,493).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $55.9B

  2. $42.1B

  3. $38.2B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $55.9B, followed by Electronics ($42.1B) and Mixed freight ($38.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$517B

2020 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

42% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Jersey trade was $517B. This is expected to increase 42% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $79.3B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $79.3B, followed by Pennsylvania with $54.2B and California and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.9% of the population of Passaic County, NJ has health coverage, with 43.9% on employee plans, 23.9% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 7.7% on non-group plans, and 0.323% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Passaic County, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Passaic County, NJ see 1686 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.59% decrease from the previous year (1696 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1355 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 958 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,686 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Passaic County, NJ see an average of 1,686 patients per year. This represents a 0.59% decrease from the previous year (1,696 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Passaic County, NJ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.1%

Uninsured

43.9%

Employer Coverage

23.9%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

7.7%

Non-Group

0.323%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Passaic County, NJ grew by 1.98% from 12.8% to 13.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Passaic County, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Passaic County, NJ is home to a population of 503k people, from which 86.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 29% of Passaic County, NJ residents were born outside of the country (148k people).

In 2018, there were 1.86 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (204k people) in Passaic County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 110k White (Hispanic) and 91k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Passaic County, NJ was 37.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Passaic County, NJ are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Passaic County, NJ residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

29%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

148k people

28.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

144k people

As of 2017, 29% of Passaic County, NJ residents (148k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Passaic County, NJ was 28.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Passaic County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    260,034 ± 12,336 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    194,328 ± 10,704 people

  3. Mexico

    107,599 ± 8,005 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 260,034 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 194,328 and Mexico with 107,599.

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Citizenship

86.1%

2018 Citizenship

84.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 86.1% of Passaic County, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Passaic County, NJ was 84.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Passaic County, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Passaic County, NJ

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    204k ± 1.11k

  2. White (Hispanic)

    110k ± 8.09k

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    91k ± 7.81k

In 2018, there were 1.86 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (204k people) in Passaic County, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 110k White (Hispanic) and 91k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Passaic County, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,771 ± 947

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,844 ± 725

  3. Korea

    1,450 ± 505

Passaic County, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Passaic County, NJ awarded 11,266 degrees. The student population of Passaic County, NJ is skewed towards women, with 16,471 male students and 27,034 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Passaic County, NJ are White (4,609 and 41.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,383 and 30.5%), Black or African American (1,364 and 12.3%), and Unknown (972 and 8.76%).

The largest universities in Passaic County, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Montclair State University (5,241 and 46.5%), William Paterson University of New Jersey (2,462 and 21.9%), and Berkeley College-Woodland Park (1,293 and 11.5%).

The most popular majors in Passaic County, NJ are General Business Administration & Management (986 and 8.75%), General Psychology (664 and 5.89%), and Medical Assistant (454 and 4.03%).

The median tuition costs in Passaic County, NJ are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $11,744 and $19,819 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 719 degrees awarded

  2. 655 degrees awarded

  3. 288 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Passaic County, NJ was General Business Administration & Management with 719 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Passaic County, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,241 degrees awarded

  2. 2,462 degrees awarded

  3. 1,293 degrees awarded

$11,744

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Passaic County, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was Montclair State University with 5,241 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,842

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,424

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,842 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Passaic County, NJ, which is 0.518 times less than the 7,424 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Passaic County, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,609 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3,383 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,364 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Passaic County, NJ were to White students. These 4,609 degrees mean that there were 1.36 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,383 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Passaic County, NJ was $351,500 in 2018, which is 1.53 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $334,100 to $351,500, a 5.21% increase. The homeownership rate in Passaic County, NJ is 52.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Passaic County, NJ have an average commute time of 27.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Passaic County, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$351,500

2018 Median

± $6,835

$334,100

2017 Median

± $7,173

In 2018, the median property value in Passaic County, NJ grew to to $351,500 from the previous year's value of $334,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Passaic County, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Passaic County, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$75,259

Median Household Income

± $4,240

170k

Number of Households

± 6,826

In 2018, the median household income of the 170k households in Passaic County, NJ grew to $75,259 from the previous year's value of $64,233.

The following chart displays the households in Passaic County, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Passaic County, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Passaic County, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

52.2%

2018 Homeownership

51.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 52.2% of the housing units in Passaic County, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Passaic County, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Passaic County, NJ have a longer commute time (27.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.17% of the workforce in Passaic County, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Passaic County, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73%

  2. Carpooled

    11%

  3. Public Transit

    7.74%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Passaic County, NJ was Drove Alone (73%), followed by those who Carpooled (11%) and those who Public Transit (7.74%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Passaic County, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Passaic County, NJ have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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