Ottumwa, IA

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Population

44,155

0.329% growth

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$44,863

2.37% growth

Number of Employees

20,218

0.337% growth

Median Property Value

$85,800

1.18% growth

About

In 2017, Ottumwa, IA had a population of 44.2k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $44,863. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ottumwa, IA grew from 44,010 to 44,155, a 0.329% increase and its median household income grew from $43,824 to $44,863, a 2.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.4%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (4.57%), White (Hispanic) (3.67%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.38%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.34%). N/A% of the people in Ottumwa, IA speak a non-English language, and 95.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA are Indian Hills Community College (1,306 degrees awarded in 2017) and Iowa School of Beauty-Ottumwa (26 degrees).

The median property value in Ottumwa, IA is $85,800, and the homeownership rate is 73.4%. Most people in Ottumwa, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Ottumwa, IA is 2 cars per household.

Ottumwa, IA borders Fairfield, IA, Kirksville, MO, and Oskaloosa, IA.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Iowa. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Iowa, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Iowa. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Iowa across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Ottumwa, IA employs 20.2k people. The largest industries in Ottumwa, IA are Manufacturing (4,358 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,171 people), and Retail Trade (2,428 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,929), Public Administration ($47,781), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,667).

Median household income in Ottumwa, IA is $44,863. Males in Ottumwa, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Ottumwa, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,863

2017 value

± $1,914

2.37%

1 Year Growth

± 5.77%

Households in Ottumwa, IA have a median annual income of $44,863, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,824 in 2016, which represents a 2.37% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ottumwa, IA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ottumwa, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ottumwa, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $83,990, followed by Polk County, IA and Linn County, IA, with respective values of $68,291 and $64,103.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ottumwa, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ottumwa, IA (7.06k out of 43.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,909 ± 451

  2. Hispanic

    864 ± 191

  3. Other

    509 ± 163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ottumwa, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

20.2k

2017 Value

± 814

0.337%

1 Year growth

± 5.64%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ottumwa, IA grew at a rate of 0.337%, from 20.2k employees to 20.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ottumwa, IA, are Production Occupations (2,939 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,159 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,726 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ottumwa, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ottumwa, IA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,939 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,159 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,726 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ottumwa, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.51 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.15 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ottumwa, IA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($75,357), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,500), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,417).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

20.2k

2017 Value

± 814

0.337%

1 Year growth

± 5.64%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ottumwa, IA grew at a rate of 0.337%, from 20.2k employees to 20.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ottumwa, IA, are Manufacturing (4,358 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,171 people), and Retail Trade (2,428 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ottumwa, IA, though some of these residents may live in Ottumwa, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ottumwa, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,358 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,171 people), and Retail Trade (2,428 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Ottumwa, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.58 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.13 times), and Construction (1.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ottumwa, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($83,929), Public Administration ($47,781), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,667).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $20.9B

  3. $18.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($20.9B) and Other ag prods. ($18.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$265B

2020 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

36.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 36.7% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.9B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $12.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $28.9B, followed by Minnesota with $17.7B and Nebraska and $12.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Ottumwa, IA has health coverage, with 45.2% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Ottumwa, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Ottumwa, IA see 1363 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 756 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

1,363 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,363 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

45.2%

Employer Coverage

17.6%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

1.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ottumwa, IA declined by 6.44% from 11.1% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ottumwa, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ottumwa, IA is home to a population of 44.2k people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.94% of Ottumwa, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.63k people).

In 2017, there were 18.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (38.2k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.02k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 1.62k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ottumwa, IA was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Ottumwa, IA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Ottumwa, IA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.94%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.63k people

6.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.82k people

As of 2017, 5.94% of Ottumwa, IA residents (2.63k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 6.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

95.7%

2017 Citizenship

95.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.7% of Ottumwa, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    38.2k ± 41

  2. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    2.02k ± 440

  3. White (Hispanic)

    1.62k ± 437

In 2017, there were 18.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (38.2k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.02k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 1.62k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Ottumwa, IA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,090 ± 132

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    365 ± 112

  3. Korea

    332 ± 93

Ottumwa, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Ottumwa, IA awarded 1,332 degrees. The student population of Ottumwa, IA is skewed towards women, with 2,061 male students and 2,082 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ottumwa, IA are White (974 and 78.2%), followed by Black or African American (137 and 11%), Hispanic or Latino (53 and 4.25%), and Unknown (40 and 3.21%).

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA by number of degrees awarded are Indian Hills Community College (1,306 and 98%) and Iowa School of Beauty-Ottumwa (26 and 1.95%).

The most popular majors in Ottumwa, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (425 and 31.9%), Registered Nursing (159 and 11.9%), and Automobile Mechanics Technology (107 and 8.03%).

The median tuition costs in Ottumwa, IA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 24 degrees awarded

  2. 425 degrees awarded

  3. 126 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Ottumwa, IA was Specific Applications Computer Programming with 24 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Ottumwa, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,306 degrees awarded

  2. 26 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Ottumwa, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indian Hills Community College with 1,306 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

598

Degrees Awarded to Men

734

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 598 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ottumwa, IA, which is 0.815 times less than the 734 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ottumwa, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    974 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    137 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    53 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ottumwa, IA were to White students. These 974 degrees mean that there were 7.11 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 137 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $85,800 in 2017, which is 0.374 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $84,800 to $85,800, a 1.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Ottumwa, IA is 73.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ottumwa, IA have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ottumwa, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$85,800

2017 Median

± $2,459

$84,800

2016 Median

± $2,424

In 2017, the median property value in Ottumwa, IA grew to to $85,800 from the previous year's value of $84,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ottumwa, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ottumwa, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,863

Median Household Income

± $1,914

17.8k

Number of Households

± 729

In 2017, the median household income of the 17.8k households in Ottumwa, IA grew to $44,863 from the previous year's value of $43,824.

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ottumwa, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.4%

2017 Homeownership

73.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.4% of the housing units in Ottumwa, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ottumwa, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ottumwa, IA have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.26% of the workforce in Ottumwa, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ottumwa, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.8%

  2. Carpooled

    11.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.46%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ottumwa, IA was Drove Alone (79.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.2%) and those who Worked At Home (3.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ottumwa, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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