Orange County, NY

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Population

381,951

0.0719% decline

Poverty Rate

12.2%


Median Age

36.9


Median Household Income

$75,825

4.4% decline

Number of Employees

180,770

2.18% growth

Median Property Value

$282,200

4.87% growth

About

In 2018, Orange County, NY had a population of 382k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $75,825. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Orange County, NY declined from 382,226 to 381,951, a -0.0719% decrease and its median household income declined from $79,311 to $75,825, a -4.4% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Orange County, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (63.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.3%), White (Hispanic) (9.69%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (7.92%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.83%). N/A% of the people in Orange County, NY speak a non-English language, and 95.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Orange County, NY are United States Military Academy (1,067 degrees awarded in 2017), Orange County Community College (868 degrees), and Mount Saint Mary College (614 degrees).

The median property value in Orange County, NY is $282,200, and the homeownership rate is 67.2%. Most people in Orange County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Orange County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Goshen, NY

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Orange County, NY employs 181k people. The largest industries in Orange County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,941 people), Retail Trade (23,338 people), and Educational Services (20,895 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($111,484), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,425), and Finance & Insurance ($75,753).

Median household income in Orange County, NY is $75,825. Males in Orange County, NY have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,914. The income inequality in Orange County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$75,825

2018 value

± $4,078

-4.4%

1 Year Growth

± 7.81%

Households in Orange County, NY have a median annual income of $75,825, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $79,311 in 2017, which represents a -4.4% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Orange County, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$81,735

Average Male Salary

± $1,216

$63,914

Average Female Salary

± $886

In 2018, full-time male employees in New York made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $69,391 ± $897

  2. Asian

    $66,385 ± $2,329

  3. Two or More Races

    $56,062 ± $4,048

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orange County, NY is from New York.

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New York was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 135

  2. Census Tract 142.02

  3. Census Tract 118.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orange County, NY was Census Tract 135 with a value of $132,930, followed by Census Tract 142.02 and Census Tract 118.02, with respective values of $122,964 and $119,583.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Orange County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orange County, NY (45.1k out of 368k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    29,500 ± 1,095

  2. Hispanic

    11,225 ± 777

  3. Black

    6,975 ± 659

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orange County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

181k

2018 Value

± 7,130

2.18%

1 Year growth

± 5.36%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orange County, NY grew at a rate of 2.18%, from 177k employees to 181k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orange County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (21,067 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,790 people), and Management Occupations (17,328 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orange County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orange County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (21,067 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,790 people), and Management Occupations (17,328 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orange County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.91 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.42 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orange County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($94,027), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($89,679), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($86,176).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

181k

2018 Value

± 7,130

2.18%

1 Year growth

± 5.36%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orange County, NY grew at a rate of 2.18%, from 177k employees to 181k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orange County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,941 people), Retail Trade (23,338 people), and Educational Services (20,895 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orange County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Orange County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orange County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,941 people), Retail Trade (23,338 people), and Educational Services (20,895 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orange County, NY has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.4 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.26 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orange County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($111,484), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,425), and Finance & Insurance ($75,753).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $72.7B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $50B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $72.7B, followed by Electronics ($54.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($50B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$615B

2020 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

38.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $615B. This is expected to increase 38.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.7B

  2. $32.1B

  3. $20.7B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $37.7B, followed by Pennsylvania with $32.1B and Connecticut and $20.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.2% of the population of Orange County, NY has health coverage, with 52.3% on employee plans, 19.9% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 1.57% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Orange County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Orange County, NY see 1368 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.32% increase from the previous year (1324 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1458 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 478 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,368 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Orange County, NY see an average of 1,368 patients per year. This represents a 3.32% increase from the previous year (1,324 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orange County, NY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.82%

Uninsured

52.3%

Employer Coverage

19.9%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

10.5%

Non-Group

1.57%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orange County, NY declined by 11.3% from 5.44% to 4.82%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orange County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orange County, NY is home to a population of 382k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.7% of Orange County, NY residents were born outside of the country (40.8k people).

In 2018, there were 6.14 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (242k people) in Orange County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 39.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 37k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Orange County, NY was 36.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Orange County, NY are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Orange County, NY residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

40.8k people

10.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

40.7k people

As of 2017, 10.7% of Orange County, NY residents (40.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orange County, NY was 10.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orange County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,970 ± 17,236 people

  2. China

    407,280 ± 15,504 people

  3. Mexico

    222,031 ± 11,503 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,970 New York residents, followed by China with 407,280 and Mexico with 222,031.

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Citizenship

95.4%

2018 Citizenship

95.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.4% of Orange County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Orange County, NY was 95.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orange County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Orange County, NY

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    242k ± 454

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    39.5k ± 1.63k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    37k ± 6.04k

In 2018, there were 6.14 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (242k people) in Orange County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 39.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 37k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Orange County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,394 ± 1,179

  2. Vietnam

    4,924 ± 981

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,758 ± 709

Orange County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Orange County, NY awarded 2,989 degrees. The student population of Orange County, NY is skewed towards men, with 8,980 male students and 6,604 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Orange County, NY are White (2,074 and 69.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (446 and 15%), Black or African American (211 and 7.09%), and Asian (120 and 4.03%).

The largest universities in Orange County, NY by number of degrees awarded are United States Military Academy (1,067 and 35.7%), Orange County Community College (868 and 29%), and Mount Saint Mary College (614 and 20.5%).

The most popular majors in Orange County, NY are Talmudic Studies (354 and 11.8%), General Business Administration & Management (258 and 8.63%), and Humanistic Studies (229 and 7.66%).

The median tuition costs in Orange County, NY are $11,500 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 339 degrees awarded

  2. 158 degrees awarded

  3. 134 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Orange County, NY was Talmudic Studies with 339 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Orange County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,067 degrees awarded

  2. 868 degrees awarded

  3. 614 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$11,500

Median Private

In 2017, the Orange County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was United States Military Academy with 1,067 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,708

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,281

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,708 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Orange County, NY, which is 1.33 times more than the 1,281 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Orange County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,074 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    446 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    211 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Orange County, NY were to White students. These 2,074 degrees mean that there were 4.65 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 446 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orange County, NY was $282,200 in 2018, which is 1.23 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $269,100 to $282,200, a 4.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Orange County, NY is 67.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orange County, NY have an average commute time of 32.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orange County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$282,200

2018 Median

± $6,295

$269,100

2017 Median

± $6,990

In 2018, the median property value in Orange County, NY grew to to $282,200 from the previous year's value of $269,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orange County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orange County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$75,825

Median Household Income

± $4,078

128k

Number of Households

± 5,629

In 2018, the median household income of the 128k households in Orange County, NY declined from $75,825 from the previous year's value of $79,311.

The following chart displays the households in Orange County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orange County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orange County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

67.2%

2018 Homeownership

69.9%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.2% of the housing units in Orange County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orange County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

32.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orange County, NY have a longer commute time (32.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 9.61% of the workforce in Orange County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orange County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.14%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.2%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Orange County, NY was Drove Alone (75.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.14%) and those who Worked At Home (5.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orange County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orange County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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