Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA

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Population

105,872

0.179% growth

Median Age

43


Median Household Income

$55,341

4.16% growth

Poverty Rate

11.6%


Number of Employees

45,684

0.888% growth

Median Property Value

$204,000

2.87% growth

About

In 2017, Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA had a population of 106k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $55,341. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA grew from 105,683 to 105,872, a 0.179% increase and its median household income grew from $53,129 to $55,341, a 4.16% increase.

The population of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is 89.5% White Alone, 4.76% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.35% Black or African American Alone. 5.26% of the people in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is $204,000, and the homeownership rate is 72%. Most people in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 33.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA employs 45.7k people. The largest industries in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA are Construction (4,154 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,643 people), and Hospitals (1,933 people), and the highest paying industries are National security & international affairs ($104,576), Computer Systems Design ($97,040), and Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing ($93,729).

Median household income in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is $55,341. Males in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,886. The income inequality in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.419, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,341

2017 value

± $1,388

4.16%

1 Year Growth

± 3.92%

Households in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA have a median annual income of $55,341, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,129 in 2016, which represents a 4.16% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$55,744

Average Male Salary

± $7,288

$40,886

Average Female Salary

± $6,269

In 2017, full-time male employees in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $43,372 ± $4,607

  2. Two or More Races

    $42,750 ± $37,720

  3. Asian

    $36,703 ± $34,770

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA workers was White. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.419

2017 Wage GINI

0.417

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was 0.419 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $154,628, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Arlington County (North) PUMA, VA, with respective values of $153,934 and $136,088.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA (12.1k out of 104k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    10,904 ± 714

  2. Hispanic

    496 ± 183

  3. Black

    487 ± 163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

45.7k

2017 Value

0.888%

1 Year growth

± 0.888%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 0.888%, from 45.3k employees to 45.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,428 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,383 people), and Cashiers (1,245 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,428 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,383 people), and Cashiers (1,245 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Machine feeders & offbearers (7.44 times higher than expected), Electronic home entertainment equipment installers & repairers (7.35 times), and Tour & travel guides (6.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($381,221), Software developers, applications & systems software ($111,743), and Civil engineers ($107,970).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

45.7k

2017 Value

0.888%

1 Year growth

± 0.888%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 0.888%, from 45.3k employees to 45.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, are Construction (4,154 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,643 people), and Hospitals (1,933 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, though some of these residents may live in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Construction (4,154 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,643 people), and Hospitals (1,933 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of Leather tanning & finishing, & other allied products manufacturing (8.44 times higher than expected), Paint, coating, & adhesive manufacturing (7.06 times), and Fuel dealers (5.95 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA, by average salary, are National security & international affairs ($104,576), Computer Systems Design ($97,040), and Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing ($93,729).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.4% of the population of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA has health coverage, with 48.3% on employee plans, 11.5% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 1.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.6%

Uninsured

48.3%

Employer Coverage

11.5%

Medicaid

14.1%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

1.9%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 11.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is home to a population of 106k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is composed of 94.8k White Alone residents (89.5%), 5.04k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.76%), 2.49k Black or African American Alone residents (2.35%), 2.46k Two or More Races residents (2.33%), 921 Asian Alone residents (0.87%), 154 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.145%), 50 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0472%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA are Spanish (3,600 speakers), German (367 speakers), and Arabic (153 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

3.95%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.17k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was 3.95%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    1,276 ± 872 people

  2. Guatemala

    447 ± 518 people

  3. Germany

    245 ± 384 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was Mexico, the natal country of 1,276 Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA residents, followed by Guatemala with 447 and Germany with 245.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    94.8k ± 180

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5.04k ± 412

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.49k ± 218

In 2017, there were 18.8 times more White Alone residents (94.8k people) in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.04k Hispanic or Latino and 2.49k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    3,600 speakers (3.6%)

  2. German

    367 speakers (0.367%)

  3. Arabic

    153 speakers (0.153%)

5.26% of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was Spanish. 3.6% of the overall population of Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA are native Spanish speakers. 0.367% speak German and 0.153% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,204 ± 254

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,422 ± 272

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,113 ± 205

Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.25 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was $204,000 in 2017, which is 0.938 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $198,300 to $204,000, a 2.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is 72%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA have an average commute time of 33.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,341

Median Household Income

± $1,388

41k

Number of Households

± 1,266

In 2017, the median household income of the 41k households in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA grew to $55,341 from the previous year's value of $53,129.

The following chart displays the households in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$204,000

2017 Median

± $5,121

$198,300

2016 Median

± $4,799

In 2017, the median property value in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA grew to to $204,000 from the previous year's value of $198,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

72%

2017 Homeownership

72.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72% of the housing units in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

33.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA have a longer commute time (33.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 9.37% of the workforce in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.1%

  2. Carpooled

    14.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.03%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission (South) PUMA, VA was Drove Alone (78.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.1%) and those who Worked At Home (5.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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