North Dakota

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Population

760,077

0.62% growth

Poverty Rate

11%


Median Age

35.4


Median Household Income

$63,837

3.22% growth

Number of Employees

381,033

1.51% decline

Median Property Value

$198,700

2.05% growth

About

In 2018, North Dakota had a population of 760k people with a median age of 35.4 and a median household income of $63,837. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of North Dakota grew from 755,393 to 760,077, a 0.62% increase and its median household income grew from $61,843 to $63,837, a 3.22% increase.

The population of North Dakota is 83.8% White Alone, 5.2% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.61% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in North Dakota speak a non-English language, and 97.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North Dakota are University of North Dakota (3,511 degrees awarded in 2017), North Dakota State University-Main Campus (3,085 degrees), and Bismarck State College (1,252 degrees).

The median property value in North Dakota is $198,700, and the homeownership rate is 62.5%. Most people in North Dakota commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in North Dakota is 2 cars per household.

North Dakota borders Minnesota, Montana, and South Dakota.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in North Dakota compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of North Dakota employs 381k people. The largest industries in North Dakota are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (25,102 people), Elementary & secondary schools (24,780 people), and Construction (23,916 people), and the highest paying industries are Petroleum & petroleum products merchant wholesalers ($245,526), Offices of physicians ($173,721), and Plastics product manufacturing ($143,401).

Median household income in North Dakota is $63,837. Males in North Dakota have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,852. The income inequality in North Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,837

2018 value

± $2,324

3.22%

1 Year Growth

± 3.89%

Households in North Dakota have a median annual income of $63,837, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,843 in 2017, which represents a 3.22% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in North Dakota compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$65,918

Average Male Salary

± $3,246

$46,852

Average Female Salary

± $2,743

In 2018, full-time male employees in North Dakota made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $52,141 ± $2,137

  2. Asian

    $48,780 ± $21,288

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $43,512 ± $15,121

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.428

2018 Wage GINI

0.413

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in North Dakota was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.67% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for North Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North Dakota was Burleigh County, ND with a value of $71,172, followed by Ward County, ND and Cass County, ND, with respective values of $65,719 and $62,418.

The following map shows all of the counties in North Dakota colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North Dakota (79.4k out of 720k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    53,746 ± 1,609

  2. Native American

    14,234 ± 676

  3. Black

    4,804 ± 622

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North Dakota is White, followed by Native American and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

381k

2018 Value

-1.51%

1 Year decline

± -1.51%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in North Dakota declined at a rate of -1.51%, from 387k employees to 381k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North Dakota, are Registered nurses (12,554 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (8,860 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (8,842 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North Dakota.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of North Dakota, by number of employees, are Registered nurses (12,554 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (8,860 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (8,842 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Dakota has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous extraction workers, including roof bolters & helpers (17.1 times higher than expected), Derrick, rotary drill, & service unit operators, & roustabouts, oil, gas, & mining (16.1 times), and Mining machine operators (13.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of North Dakota, by average salary, are Physicians ($329,400), Chief executives & legislators ($192,463), and Credit counselors & loan officers ($143,979).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

381k

2018 Value

-1.51%

1 Year decline

± -1.51%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in North Dakota declined at a rate of -1.51%, from 387k employees to 381k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North Dakota, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (25,102 people), Elementary & secondary schools (24,780 people), and Construction (23,916 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North Dakota, though some of these residents may live in North Dakota and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in North Dakota, by number of employees, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (25,102 people), Elementary & secondary schools (24,780 people), and Construction (23,916 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Dakota has an unusually high number of Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers (18.1 times higher than expected), Construction, & mining & oil & gas field machinery manufacturing (12.4 times), and Support activities for mining (11.9 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in North Dakota, by average salary, are Petroleum & petroleum products merchant wholesalers ($245,526), Offices of physicians ($173,721), and Plastics product manufacturing ($143,401).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.9B

  2. $11.7B

  3. $11B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota product (by dollars) was Crude petroleum with $43.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($11.7B) and Other ag prods. ($11B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$118B

2020 Value

$123B

Projected 2045 Value

4.17% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Dakota trade was $118B. This is expected to increase 4.17% to $123B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Dakota to other states, or from other states to North Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.1B

  2. $10B

  3. $8.77B

In 2015, the top outbound North Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $13.1B, followed by Texas with $10B and Illinois and $8.77B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.5% of the population of North Dakota has health coverage, with 55.1% on employee plans, 8.52% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 16% on non-group plans, and 2.12% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of North Dakota was $9,851 in 2014. This is a 4.97% increase from the previous year ($9,385).

Primary care physicians in North Dakota see 1333 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.22% increase from the previous year (1279 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1553 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 606 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Rolette County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,333 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Dakota see an average of 1,333 patients per year. This represents a 4.22% increase from the previous year (1,279 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Dakota in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,851

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,410

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,413

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,461

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.97%, from $9,385 to $9,851.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.53%

Uninsured

55.1%

Employer Coverage

8.52%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

16%

Non-Group

2.12%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in North Dakota grew by 7.08% from 7.03% to 7.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North Dakota changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 13% prevalence

  3. 12.7% prevalence

Rolette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

North Dakota is home to a population of 760k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.54% of North Dakota residents were born outside of the country (26.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of North Dakota is composed of 637k White Alone residents (83.8%), 39.6k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (5.2%), 27.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.61%), 25.5k Black or African American Alone residents (3.36%), 15k Two or More Races residents (1.98%), 13.6k Asian Alone residents (1.79%), 1.58k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.208%), and 339 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0446%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2018, the median age of all people in North Dakota was 35.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in North Dakota are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all North Dakota residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.54%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

26.7k people

3.21%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

24.4k people

As of 2017, 3.54% of North Dakota residents (26.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North Dakota was 3.21%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North Dakota compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Philippines

    3,033 ± 1,349 people

  2. Bhutan

    2,957 ± 1,332 people

  3. Nepal

    2,785 ± 1,293 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Dakota was Philippines, the natal country of 3,033 North Dakota residents, followed by Bhutan with 2,957 and Nepal with 2,785.

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Citizenship

97.4%

2018 Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.4% of North Dakota residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in North Dakota was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North Dakota compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    637k ± 1.37k

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    39.6k ± 2.18k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    27.4k ± 3.05k

In 2018, there were 16.1 times more White Alone residents (637k people) in North Dakota than any other race or ethnicity. There were 39.6k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 27.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in North Dakota as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    14,958 ± 1,320

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,874 ± 1,709

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,979 ± 1,356

North Dakota has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in North Dakota awarded 12,813 degrees. The student population of North Dakota is skewed towards women, with 26,323 male students and 27,838 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North Dakota are White (10,292 and 84.8%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (445 and 3.66%), Black or African American (342 and 2.82%), and Hispanic or Latino (315 and 2.59%).

The largest universities in North Dakota by number of degrees awarded are University of North Dakota (3,511 and 27.4%), North Dakota State University-Main Campus (3,085 and 24.1%), and Bismarck State College (1,252 and 9.77%).

The most popular majors in North Dakota are Liberal Arts & Sciences (987 and 7.7%), Registered Nursing (708 and 5.53%), and General Business Administration & Management (535 and 4.18%).

The median tuition costs in North Dakota are $13,990 for private four year colleges, and $5,344 and $8,016 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 283 degrees awarded

  2. 479 degrees awarded

  3. 302 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in North Dakota was General Psychology with 283 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in North Dakota according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,511 degrees awarded

  2. 3,085 degrees awarded

  3. 1,252 degrees awarded

$5,344

Median In-State Public

$13,990

Median Private

In 2017, the North Dakota institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Dakota with 3,511 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,922

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,891

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,922 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North Dakota, which is 0.859 times less than the 6,891 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in North Dakota by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    10,292 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    445 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    342 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in North Dakota were to White students. These 10,292 degrees mean that there were 23.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 445 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in North Dakota was $198,700 in 2018, which is 0.865 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $194,700 to $198,700, a 2.05% increase. The homeownership rate in North Dakota is 62.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in North Dakota have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in North Dakota is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$198,700

2018 Median

± $4,472

$194,700

2017 Median

± $5,102

In 2018, the median property value in North Dakota grew to to $198,700 from the previous year's value of $194,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in North Dakota compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Dakota the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,837

Median Household Income

± $2,324

319k

Number of Households

± 8,750

In 2018, the median household income of the 319k households in North Dakota grew to $63,837 from the previous year's value of $61,843.

The following chart displays the households in North Dakota distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in North Dakota distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Dakota the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.5%

2018 Homeownership

63.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 62.5% of the housing units in North Dakota were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in North Dakota compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North Dakota have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.03% of the workforce in North Dakota have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North Dakota compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.73%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.74%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in North Dakota was Drove Alone (82.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.73%) and those who Worked At Home (3.74%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North Dakota distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North Dakota have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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