Newark, NJ

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Population

282,102

1.07% decline

Poverty Rate

28.3%


Median Age

33.7


Median Household Income

$37,642

7.04% growth

Number of Employees

128,606

8.87% growth

Median Property Value

$251,800

7.15% growth

About

In 2018, Newark, NJ had a population of 282k people with a median age of 33.7 and a median household income of $37,642. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Newark, NJ declined from 285,156 to 282,102, a -1.07% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,167 to $37,642, a 7.04% increase.

The population of Newark, NJ is 47% Black or African American Alone, 39.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 8.88% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Newark, NJ speak a non-English language, and 82.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Newark, NJ are New Jersey Institute of Technology (2,951 degrees awarded in 2017), Rutgers University-Newark (2,946 degrees), and Essex County College (1,214 degrees).

The median property value in Newark, NJ is $251,800, and the homeownership rate is 21.9%. Most people in Newark, NJ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 33.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Newark, NJ is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Sunrise in New York viewed from Newark

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in New Jersey compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New Jersey.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Jersey across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Newark, NJ employs 129k people. The largest industries in Newark, NJ are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,947 people), Transportation & Warehousing (16,234 people), and Construction (14,592 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($60,293), Public Administration ($56,548), and Finance & Insurance ($54,215).

Median household income in Newark, NJ is $37,642. Males in Newark, NJ have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,578. The income inequality in Newark, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,642

2018 value

± $3,434

7.04%

1 Year Growth

± 11.2%

Households in Newark, NJ have a median annual income of $37,642, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,167 in 2017, which represents a 7.04% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Newark, NJ compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

$89,489

Average Male Salary

± $1,731

$65,578

Average Female Salary

± $1,240

In 2018, full-time male employees in New Jersey made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $86,392 ± $3,381

  2. White

    $72,755 ± $1,266

  3. Two or More Races

    $54,823 ± $4,874

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Jersey workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Jersey by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Newark, NJ is from New Jersey.

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.493

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New Jersey was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0656% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New Jersey was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New Jersey in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Jersey across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 64

  2. Census Tract 72

  3. Census Tract 21

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Newark, NJ was Census Tract 64 with a value of $65,000, followed by Census Tract 72 and Census Tract 21, with respective values of $61,776 and $57,625.

The following map shows all of the places in Newark, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Newark, NJ (76.8k out of 271k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    42,333 ± 1,436

  2. Hispanic

    28,586 ± 1,254

  3. White

    15,398 ± 904

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Newark, NJ is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

129k

2018 Value

± 7,058

8.87%

1 Year growth

± 7.18%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Newark, NJ grew at a rate of 8.87%, from 118k employees to 129k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Newark, NJ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,197 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (12,516 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,457 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Newark, NJ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Newark, NJ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,197 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (12,516 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,457 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Newark, NJ has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.65 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.92 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Newark, NJ, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($80,833), Legal Occupations ($80,781), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($71,106).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

129k

2018 Value

± 7,058

8.87%

1 Year growth

± 7.18%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Newark, NJ grew at a rate of 8.87%, from 118k employees to 129k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Newark, NJ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,947 people), Transportation & Warehousing (16,234 people), and Construction (14,592 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Newark, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Newark, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Newark, NJ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,947 people), Transportation & Warehousing (16,234 people), and Construction (14,592 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Newark, NJ has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (2.64 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.94 times), and Construction (1.71 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Newark, NJ, by median earnings, are Information ($60,293), Public Administration ($56,548), and Finance & Insurance ($54,215).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $55.9B

  2. $42.1B

  3. $38.2B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $55.9B, followed by Electronics ($42.1B) and Mixed freight ($38.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Jersey products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Jersey state.

$517B

2020 Value

$734B

Projected 2045 Value

42% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Jersey trade was $517B. This is expected to increase 42% to $734B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Jersey trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Jersey to other states, or from other states to New Jersey.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $79.3B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound New Jersey domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $79.3B, followed by Pennsylvania with $54.2B and California and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Jersey shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.7% of the population of Newark, NJ has health coverage, with 34.9% on employee plans, 33.4% on Medicaid, 7.23% on Medicare, 7.54% on non-group plans, and 0.603% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Newark, NJ was $8,859 in 2014. This is a 4.91% increase from the previous year ($8,444).

Primary care physicians in Newark, NJ see 1217 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.662% increase from the previous year (1209 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1084 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 545 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.1%). Additionally, Cumberland County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Essex County, NJ.

1,217 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Essex County, NJ see an average of 1,217 patients per year. This represents a 0.662% increase from the previous year (1,209 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, NJ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.

$8,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,081

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,049

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,614

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Jersey (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.91%, from $8,444 to $8,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.3%

Uninsured

34.9%

Employer Coverage

33.4%

Medicaid

7.23%

Medicare

7.54%

Non-Group

0.603%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Newark, NJ declined by 14.7% from 19.1% to 16.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Newark, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.1% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Salem County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey, at 12.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Jersey by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Newark, NJ is home to a population of 282k people, from which 82.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 29.2% of Newark, NJ residents were born outside of the country (83.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Newark, NJ is composed of 133k Black or African American Alone residents (47%), 111k Hispanic or Latino residents (39.2%), 25.1k White Alone residents (8.88%), 6.05k Asian Alone residents (2.14%), 4.57k Some Other Race Alone residents (1.62%), 3.15k Two or More Races residents (1.11%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Newark, NJ was 33.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Newark, NJ are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Newark, NJ residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

29.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

83.2k people

28.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

79.3k people

As of 2017, 29.2% of Newark, NJ residents (83.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Newark, NJ was 28.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Newark, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Jersey.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    260,034 ± 12,336 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    194,328 ± 10,704 people

  3. Mexico

    107,599 ± 8,005 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Jersey was India, the natal country of 260,034 New Jersey residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 194,328 and Mexico with 107,599.

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Citizenship

82.1%

2018 Citizenship

81.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 82.1% of Newark, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Newark, NJ was 81.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Newark, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    133k ± 5.19k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    111k ± 10.5k

  3. White Alone

    25.1k ± 3.03k

In 2018, there were 1.2 times more Black or African American Alone residents (133k people) in Newark, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 111k Hispanic or Latino and 25.1k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Newark, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Newark, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Newark, NJ awarded 7,366 degrees. The student population of Newark, NJ is skewed towards men, with 18,426 male students and 15,375 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Newark, NJ are White (1,667 and 28.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,443 and 24.7%), Black or African American (1,278 and 21.8%), and Asian (1,014 and 17.3%).

The largest universities in Newark, NJ by number of degrees awarded are New Jersey Institute of Technology (2,951 and 40.1%), Rutgers University-Newark (2,946 and 40%), and Essex County College (1,214 and 16.5%).

The most popular majors in Newark, NJ are General Business Administration & Management (797 and 10.8%), Accounting (444 and 6.03%), and General Computer & Information Sciences (441 and 5.99%).

The median tuition costs in Newark, NJ are $20,376 for private four year colleges, and $12,763 and $28,243 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 199 degrees awarded

  2. 243 degrees awarded

  3. 207 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Newark, NJ was General Engineering Technology with 199 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Newark, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,951 degrees awarded

  2. 2,946 degrees awarded

  3. 1,214 degrees awarded

$12,763

Median In-State Public

$20,376

Median Private

In 2017, the Newark, NJ institution with the largest number of graduating students was New Jersey Institute of Technology with 2,951 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,220

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,146

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,220 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Newark, NJ, which is 1.34 times more than the 3,146 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Newark, NJ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,667 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,443 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,278 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Newark, NJ were to White students. These 1,667 degrees mean that there were 1.16 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,443 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Newark, NJ was $251,800 in 2018, which is 1.1 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $235,000 to $251,800, a 7.15% increase. The homeownership rate in Newark, NJ is 21.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Newark, NJ have an average commute time of 33.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Newark, NJ is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$251,800

2018 Median

± $21,707

$235,000

2017 Median

± $19,191

In 2018, the median property value in Newark, NJ grew to to $251,800 from the previous year's value of $235,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Newark, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Newark, NJ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,642

Median Household Income

± $3,434

102k

Number of Households

± 5,573

In 2018, the median household income of the 102k households in Newark, NJ grew to $37,642 from the previous year's value of $35,167.

The following chart displays the households in Newark, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Newark, NJ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Newark, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

21.9%

2018 Homeownership

25.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 21.9% of the housing units in Newark, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 25.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Newark, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

33.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Newark, NJ have a longer commute time (33.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.43% of the workforce in Newark, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Newark, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    52.9%

  2. Public Transit

    25.4%

  3. Carpooled

    9.64%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Newark, NJ was Drove Alone (52.9%), followed by those who Public Transit (25.4%) and those who Carpooled (9.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Newark, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Newark, NJ have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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