Mahoning County, OH

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Population

231,857

0.497% decline

Median Age

43.5


Median Household Income

$43,251

3.29% growth

Poverty Rate

17.6%


Number of Employees

103,418

0.406% growth

Median Property Value

$99,300

1.02% growth

About

In 2017, Mahoning County, OH had a population of 232k people with a median age of 43.5 and a median household income of $43,251. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mahoning County, OH declined from 233,015 to 231,857, a -0.497% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,872 to $43,251, a 3.29% increase.

The population of Mahoning County, OH is 76.5% White Alone, 14.7% Black or African American Alone, and 5.56% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Mahoning County, OH speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mahoning County, OH are Youngstown State University (2,385 degrees awarded in 2016), TDDS Technical Institute (287 degrees), and Mahoning County Career and Technical Center (136 degrees).

The median property value in Mahoning County, OH is $99,300, and the homeownership rate is 68.7%. Most people in Mahoning County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Mahoning County, OH is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Mill Creek Park's "Cinderella" iron link bridge

Economy

The economy of Mahoning County, OH employs 103k people. The largest industries in Mahoning County, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,082 people), Manufacturing (14,568 people), and Retail Trade (13,657 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,243), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,366), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($47,083).

Median household income in Mahoning County, OH is $43,251. Males in Mahoning County, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Mahoning County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,251

2017 value

± $939

3.29%

1 Year Growth

± 2.81%

Households in Mahoning County, OH have a median annual income of $43,251, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,872 in 2016, which represents a 3.29% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mahoning County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mahoning County, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 8110.02

  2. Census Tract 8112

  3. Census Tract 8121

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mahoning County, OH was Census Tract 8110.02 with a value of $91,076, followed by Census Tract 8112 and Census Tract 8121, with respective values of $84,286 and $75,574.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mahoning County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mahoning County, OH (39.6k out of 225k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    23,047 ± 899

  2. Black

    13,584 ± 650

  3. Hispanic

    4,103 ± 383

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mahoning County, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

103k

2017 Value

± 2,107

0.406%

1 Year growth

± 2.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mahoning County, OH grew at a rate of 0.406%, from 103k employees to 103k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mahoning County, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,782 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,003 people), and Production Occupations (8,432 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mahoning County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mahoning County, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,782 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,003 people), and Production Occupations (8,432 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mahoning County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.66 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.41 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mahoning County, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,409), Legal Occupations ($66,992), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,561).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

103k

2017 Value

± 2,107

0.406%

1 Year growth

± 2.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mahoning County, OH grew at a rate of 0.406%, from 103k employees to 103k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mahoning County, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,082 people), Manufacturing (14,568 people), and Retail Trade (13,657 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mahoning County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Mahoning County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mahoning County, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,082 people), Manufacturing (14,568 people), and Retail Trade (13,657 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mahoning County, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.39 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.26 times), and Utilities (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mahoning County, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,243), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,366), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($47,083).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($64.2B) and Machinery ($45.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.5% of the population of Mahoning County, OH has health coverage, with 44.8% on employee plans, 21.7% on Medicaid, 15.3% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 1.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mahoning County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Mahoning County, OH see 966 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.11% decrease from the previous year (1018 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1411 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 441 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

966 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mahoning County, OH see an average of 966 patients per year. This represents a 5.11% decrease from the previous year (1,018 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mahoning County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.51%

Uninsured

44.8%

Employer Coverage

21.7%

Medicaid

15.3%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

1.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mahoning County, OH declined by 16.4% from 7.79% to 6.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mahoning County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mahoning County, OH is home to a population of 232k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.57% of Mahoning County, OH residents were born outside of the country (5.96k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Mahoning County, OH is composed of 177k White Alone residents (76.5%), 34.2k Black or African American Alone residents (14.7%), 12.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.56%), 4.99k Two or More Races residents (2.15%), 1.91k Asian Alone residents (0.823%), 408 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.176%), 163 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0703%), and 7 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00302%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mahoning County, OH are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

51

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mahoning County, OH was 43.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Mahoning County, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Mahoning County, OH residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.57%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.96k people

2.85%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.64k people

As of 2017, 2.57% of Mahoning County, OH residents (5.96k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mahoning County, OH was 2.85%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mahoning County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 56,561 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Mahoning County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mahoning County, OH was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mahoning County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    177k ± 92

  2. Black or African American Alone

    34.2k ± 668

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    12.9k ± 804

In 2017, there were 5.19 times more White Alone residents (177k people) in Mahoning County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 34.2k Black or African American Alone and 12.9k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mahoning County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mahoning County, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mahoning County, OH was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mahoning County, OH are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,045 ± 394

  2. Korea

    2,052 ± 218

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,919 ± 290

Mahoning County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mahoning County, OH awarded 3,037 degrees. The student population of Mahoning County, OH is skewed towards women, with 6,166 male students and 7,178 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mahoning County, OH are White (2,407 and 81.4%), followed by Black or African American (306 and 10.3%), Unknown (87 and 2.94%), and Hispanic or Latino (81 and 2.74%).

The largest universities in Mahoning County, OH by number of degrees awarded are Youngstown State University (2,385 and 78.5%), TDDS Technical Institute (287 and 9.45%), and Mahoning County Career and Technical Center (136 and 4.48%).

The most popular majors in Mahoning County, OH are Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (239 and 7.87%), General Business Administration & Management (137 and 4.51%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (130 and 4.28%).

The median tuition costs in Mahoning County, OH are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,847 and $8,087 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 108 degrees awarded

  2. 99 degrees awarded

  3. 111 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mahoning County, OH was Registered Nursing with 108 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mahoning County, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,385 degrees awarded

  2. 287 degrees awarded

  3. 136 degrees awarded

$7,847

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Mahoning County, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Youngstown State University with 2,385 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,464

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,573

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,464 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mahoning County, OH, which is 0.931 times less than the 1,573 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Mahoning County, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,407 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    306 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    87 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mahoning County, OH were to White students. These 2,407 degrees mean that there were 7.87 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 306 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mahoning County, OH was $99,300 in 2017, which is 0.456 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $98,300 to $99,300, a 1.02% increase. The homeownership rate in Mahoning County, OH is 68.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mahoning County, OH have an average commute time of 21.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mahoning County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,251

Median Household Income

± $939

98k

Number of Households

± 1,914

In 2017, the median household income of the 98k households in Mahoning County, OH grew to $43,251 from the previous year's value of $41,872.

The following chart displays the households in Mahoning County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$99,300

2017 Median

± $1,614

$98,300

2016 Median

± $1,638

In 2017, the median property value in Mahoning County, OH grew to to $99,300 from the previous year's value of $98,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mahoning County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mahoning County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mahoning County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mahoning County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.7%

2017 Homeownership

68.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.7% of the housing units in Mahoning County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mahoning County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mahoning County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mahoning County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mahoning County, OH have a shorter commute time (21.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.78% of the workforce in Mahoning County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mahoning County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.3%

  2. Carpooled

    6.88%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.07%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mahoning County, OH was Drove Alone (86.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.88%) and those who Worked At Home (3.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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