Letcher County, KY

County

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Population
22,676
1.46% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
Median Age
42.2

Poverty Rate
32.4%

Median Household Income
$29,856
1.44% 1-year decline
Median Property Value
$58,500
Number of Employees
6,993
0.921% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Letcher County, KY had a population of 22.7k people with a median age of 42.2 and a median household income of $29,856. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Letcher County, KY declined from 23,011 to 22,676, a -1.46% decrease and its median household income declined from $30,293 to $29,856, a -1.44% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Letcher County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (97.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.851%), White (Hispanic) (0.406%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.388%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.251%). NaNk% of the people in Letcher County, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Letcher County, KY are Jenny Lea Academy of Cosmetology (10 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Letcher County, KY is $58,500, and the homeownership rate is 75.5%. Most people in Letcher County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Letcher County, KY is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Kentucky. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Letcher County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 79.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (16.9%), followed by Other (3.27%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Kentucky.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Letcher County, KY
79.8% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky
  1. 89.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Letcher County, KY is home to a population of 22.7k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2018, 0.445% of Letcher County, KY residents were born outside of the country (101 people).

In 2018, there were 115 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (22.1k people) in Letcher County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 193 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 92 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Letcher County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    22.1k ± 30
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    193 ± 74.3
  3. White (Hispanic)
    92 ± 41
0.772%
Hispanic Population
175 people

In 2018, there were 115 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (22.1k people) in Letcher County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 193 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 92 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.772% of the people in Letcher County, KY are hispanic (175 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Letcher County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.445%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
101 people
0.521%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
120 people

As of 2018, 0.445% of Letcher County, KY residents (101 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Letcher County, KY was 0.521%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Letcher County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.1
42
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 18.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Letcher County, KY was 42.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Letcher County, KY are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Letcher County, KY residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    32,622 ± 4,418 people
  2. India
    10,932 ± 2,564 people
  3. Cuba
    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.8%
2018 Citizenship
99.6%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 99.8% of Letcher County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Letcher County, KY was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Letcher County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    358 ± 110
  2. Korea
    78 ± 53
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    70 ± 60

Letcher County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.59 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Letcher County, KY is $29,856. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Letcher County, KY was Census Tract 9505 with a value of $34,737, followed by Census Tract 9504.01 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $33,441 and $30,091.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Letcher County, KY employs 6.99k people. The largest industries in Letcher County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,638 people), Educational Services (918 people), and Retail Trade (733 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,500), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,205), and Information ($48,347).

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,856
2018 value
± $2,344
-1.44%
1 Year Growth
± 12%

Households in Letcher County, KY have a median annual income of $29,856, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,293 in 2017, which represents a -1.44% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Letcher County, KY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
$56,557
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,518
$41,451
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $55,164 ± $10,370
  2. White
    $43,856 ± $923
  3. American Indian
    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Letcher County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.457
2017 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.455
2016 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9505
  2. Census Tract 9504.01
  3. Census Tract 9506

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Letcher County, KY was Census Tract 9505 with a value of $34,737, followed by Census Tract 9504.01 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $33,441 and $30,091.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Letcher County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Letcher County, KY (7.27k out of 22.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    7,166 ± 523
  2. Two Or More
    59 ± 102
  3. Hispanic
    57 ± 102

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Letcher County, KY is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.99k
2018 Value
± 593
-0.921%
1 Year decline
± 12.2%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Letcher County, KY declined at a rate of -0.921%, from 7.06k employees to 6.99k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Letcher County, KY, are Sales & Related Occupations (723 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (705 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (641 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Letcher County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Letcher County, KY, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (723 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (705 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (641 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Letcher County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.92 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (2.04 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.82 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Letcher County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($105,000), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($76,528), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($75,208).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.99k
2018 Value
± 593
-0.921%
1 Year decline
± 12.2%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Letcher County, KY declined at a rate of -0.921%, from 7.06k employees to 6.99k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Letcher County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,638 people), Educational Services (918 people), and Retail Trade (733 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Letcher County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Letcher County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Letcher County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,638 people), Educational Services (918 people), and Retail Trade (733 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Letcher County, KY has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (13.6 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.69 times), and Educational Services (1.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Letcher County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,500), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,205), and Information ($48,347).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $71.4B
  2. $17.1B
  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$282B
2015 Value in Kentucky
$398B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $22.9B
  2. $19.1B
  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Letcher County, KY awarded 10 degrees. The student population of Letcher County, KY is skewed towards women, with 4 male students and 37 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Letcher County, KY are White (10 and 100%), followed by Asian (0 and 0%), Black or African American (0 and 0%), and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Letcher County, KY by number of degrees awarded are Jenny Lea Academy of Cosmetology (10 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Letcher County, KY are General Cosmetology (10 and 100%) and Cosmetology, Barber, & Nail Instructor (0 and 0%).

The median tuition costs in Letcher County, KY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 10 degree-majorss awarded
  2. N/A
    N/A degree-majorss awarded
  3. N/A
    N/A degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 2 to 4 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Letcher County, KY was General Cosmetology with 10 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 2 to 4 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Letcher County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
10 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2017, the Letcher County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Jenny Lea Academy of Cosmetology with 10 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

0
Degrees Awarded to Men
10
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 0 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Letcher County, KY, which is 0 times less than the 10 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Letcher County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    10 degrees awarded
  2. Asian
    0 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    0 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Letcher County, KY were to White students. These 10 degrees mean that there were Infinityk times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 0 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Letcher County, KY was $58,500 in 2018, which is 0.255 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $58,500 to $58,500, a 0% change. The homeownership rate in Letcher County, KY is 75.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Letcher County, KY have an average commute time of 24.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Letcher County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$58,500
2018 Median
± $4,337
$58,500
2017 Median
± $3,434

In 2018, the median property value in Letcher County, KY stayed at to $58,500 from the previous year's value of $58,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Letcher County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Letcher County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$29,856
Median Household Income
± $2,344
9.89k
Number of Households
± 678

In 2018, the median household income of the 9.89k households in Letcher County, KY declined from $29,856 from the previous year's value of $30,293.

The following chart displays the households in Letcher County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Letcher County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Letcher County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.5%
2018 Homeownership
74.2%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 75.5% of the housing units in Letcher County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Letcher County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Letcher County, KY have a shorter commute time (24.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.15% of the workforce in Letcher County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Letcher County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    85.5%
  2. Carpooled
    6.12%
  3. Worked At Home
    3.73%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Letcher County, KY was Drove Alone (85.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.12%) and those who Worked At Home (3.73%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Letcher County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Letcher County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

94.6% of the population of Letcher County, KY has health coverage, with 28.9% on employee plans, 39.5% on Medicaid, 15.8% on Medicare, 9.86% on non-group plans, and 0.605% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Letcher County, KY see 1542 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.2% increase from the previous year (1374 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2847 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1518 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,542 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Letcher County, KY

Primary care physicians in Letcher County, KY see an average of 1,542 patients per year. This represents a 12.2% increase from the previous year (1,374 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Letcher County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.41%
Uninsured
28.9%
Employer Coverage
39.5%
Medicaid
15.8%
Medicare
9.86%
Non-Group
0.605%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Letcher County, KY declined by 32.6% from 8.03% to 5.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Letcher County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18% prevalence
  2. 17.9% prevalence
  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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