Jefferson Parish, LA

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Population

434,051

1.14% decline

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Median Age

39.7


Median Household Income

$50,766

1.41% decline

Number of Employees

210,417

1.64% growth

Median Property Value

$191,900

4.01% growth

About

In 2018, Jefferson Parish, LA had a population of 434k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $50,766. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jefferson Parish, LA declined from 439,036 to 434,051, a -1.14% decrease and its median household income declined from $51,494 to $50,766, a -1.41% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson Parish, LA are White (Non-Hispanic) (52.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (26.5%), White (Hispanic) (9.62%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.72%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (3.71%). N/A% of the people in Jefferson Parish, LA speak a non-English language, and 91.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson Parish, LA are Blue Cliff College-Metairie (443 degrees awarded in 2017), Herzing University-Kenner (148 degrees), and Unitech Training Academy-Metairie (143 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson Parish, LA is $191,900, and the homeownership rate is 60.3%. Most people in Jefferson Parish, LA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson Parish, LA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Marrero, LA

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Louisiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Louisiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Louisiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Louisiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Louisiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson Parish, LA employs 210k people. The largest industries in Jefferson Parish, LA are Health Care & Social Assistance (31,672 people), Retail Trade (23,498 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (21,772 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($96,660), Utilities ($61,647), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($58,631).

Median household income in Jefferson Parish, LA is $50,766. Males in Jefferson Parish, LA have an average income that is 1.56 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,815. The income inequality in Jefferson Parish, LA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,766

2018 value

± $1,697

-1.41%

1 Year Growth

± 4.75%

Households in Jefferson Parish, LA have a median annual income of $50,766, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,494 in 2017, which represents a -1.41% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson Parish, LA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

$65,054

Average Male Salary

± $1,713

$41,815

Average Female Salary

± $1,033

In 2018, full-time male employees in Louisiana made 1.56 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $54,325 ± $1,279

  2. Two or More Races

    $46,528 ± $8,199

  3. Asian

    $42,224 ± $6,418

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Louisiana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson Parish, LA is from Louisiana.

0.466

2018 Wage GINI

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.46% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 226

  2. Census Tract 203.01

  3. Census Tract 239.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson Parish, LA was Census Tract 226 with a value of $140,222, followed by Census Tract 203.01 and Census Tract 239.02, with respective values of $105,156 and $104,550.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson Parish, LA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson Parish, LA (70.7k out of 433k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    32,013 ± 1,408

  2. White

    29,970 ± 1,235

  3. Hispanic

    13,877 ± 940

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson Parish, LA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

210k

2018 Value

± 8,149

1.64%

1 Year growth

± 5.35%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson Parish, LA grew at a rate of 1.64%, from 207k employees to 210k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson Parish, LA, are Sales & Related Occupations (25,347 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (23,595 people), and Management Occupations (17,595 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson Parish, LA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (25,347 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (23,595 people), and Management Occupations (17,595 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson Parish, LA has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.52 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.33 times), and Legal Occupations (1.22 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,922), Legal Occupations ($71,502), and Management Occupations ($65,465).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

210k

2018 Value

± 8,149

1.64%

1 Year growth

± 5.35%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson Parish, LA grew at a rate of 1.64%, from 207k employees to 210k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson Parish, LA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (31,672 people), Retail Trade (23,498 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (21,772 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson Parish, LA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson Parish, LA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson Parish, LA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (31,672 people), Retail Trade (23,498 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (21,772 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson Parish, LA has an unusually high number of Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.43 times higher than expected), Construction (1.38 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson Parish, LA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($96,660), Utilities ($61,647), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($58,631).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $79.9B

  2. $78.1B

  3. $43.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $79.9B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($78.1B) and Basic chemicals ($43.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Louisiana state.

$395B

2020 Value

$476B

Projected 2045 Value

20.5% growth

In 2020, total outbound Louisiana trade was $395B. This is expected to increase 20.5% to $476B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $41.9B

  2. $38.6B

  3. $13.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $41.9B, followed by Mississippi with $38.6B and Florida and $13.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.7% of the population of Jefferson Parish, LA has health coverage, with 39.7% on employee plans, 23.5% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.29% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson Parish, LA was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson Parish, LA see 1133 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.176% decrease from the previous year (1135 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1203 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 467 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, Assumption Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,133 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson Parish, LA see an average of 1,133 patients per year. This represents a 0.176% decrease from the previous year (1,135 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson Parish, LA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

$7,815

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,420

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,281

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,811

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%

Uninsured

39.7%

Employer Coverage

23.5%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.29%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson Parish, LA declined by 17.7% from 12.5% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson Parish, LA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 15.6% prevalence

Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson Parish, LA is home to a population of 434k people, from which 91.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.9% of Jefferson Parish, LA residents were born outside of the country (56.6k people).

In 2018, there were 1.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (227k people) in Jefferson Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 115k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 41.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jefferson Parish, LA was 39.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Jefferson Parish, LA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Jefferson Parish, LA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

56.6k people

12.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

53.8k people

As of 2017, 12.9% of Jefferson Parish, LA residents (56.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson Parish, LA was 12.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Louisiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    30,501 ± 4,274 people

  2. Honduras

    28,358 ± 4,122 people

  3. Vietnam

    18,763 ± 3,356 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Louisiana was Mexico, the natal country of 30,501 Louisiana residents, followed by Honduras with 28,358 and Vietnam with 18,763.

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Citizenship

91.6%

2018 Citizenship

92.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 91.6% of Jefferson Parish, LA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson Parish, LA was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson Parish, LA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson Parish, LA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    227k ± 390

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    115k ± 1.95k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    41.8k ± 4.74k

In 2018, there were 1.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (227k people) in Jefferson Parish, LA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 115k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 41.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson Parish, LA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,712 ± 1,097

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,377 ± 972

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,064 ± 692

Jefferson Parish, LA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson Parish, LA awarded 1,079 degrees. The student population of Jefferson Parish, LA is skewed towards women, with 157 male students and 1,622 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson Parish, LA are Black or African American (706 and 65.4%), followed by White (225 and 20.9%), Asian (59 and 5.47%), and Hispanic or Latino (56 and 5.19%).

The largest universities in Jefferson Parish, LA by number of degrees awarded are Blue Cliff College-Metairie (443 and 41.1%), Herzing University-Kenner (148 and 13.7%), and Unitech Training Academy-Metairie (143 and 13.3%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson Parish, LA are Medical Assistant (325 and 30.1%), General Cosmetology (180 and 16.7%), and Dental Assisting (124 and 11.5%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson Parish, LA are $13,000 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 69 degrees awarded

  2. 54 degrees awarded

  3. 289 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Jefferson Parish, LA was Dental Assisting with 69 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Jefferson Parish, LA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 443 degrees awarded

  2. 148 degrees awarded

  3. 143 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$13,000

Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson Parish, LA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Blue Cliff College-Metairie with 443 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

85

Degrees Awarded to Men

994

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 85 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson Parish, LA, which is 0.0855 times less than the 994 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jefferson Parish, LA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    706 degrees awarded

  2. White

    225 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    59 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson Parish, LA were to Black or African American students. These 706 degrees mean that there were 3.14 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 225 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson Parish, LA was $191,900 in 2018, which is 0.835 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $184,500 to $191,900, a 4.01% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson Parish, LA is 60.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson Parish, LA have an average commute time of 23.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson Parish, LA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$191,900

2018 Median

± $4,631

$184,500

2017 Median

± $4,929

In 2018, the median property value in Jefferson Parish, LA grew to to $191,900 from the previous year's value of $184,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson Parish, LA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson Parish, LA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,766

Median Household Income

± $1,697

168k

Number of Households

± 6,657

In 2018, the median household income of the 168k households in Jefferson Parish, LA declined from $50,766 from the previous year's value of $51,494.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson Parish, LA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson Parish, LA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson Parish, LA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

60.3%

2018 Homeownership

62.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 60.3% of the housing units in Jefferson Parish, LA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 62.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson Parish, LA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson Parish, LA have a shorter commute time (23.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.15% of the workforce in Jefferson Parish, LA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson Parish, LA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    12.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.21%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson Parish, LA was Drove Alone (80.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.4%) and those who Worked At Home (3.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson Parish, LA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson Parish, LA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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