Jefferson County, WA

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Population

30,524

0.63% growth

Poverty Rate

12.8%


Median Age

57.1


Median Household Income

$51,842

1.79% growth

Number of Employees

11,289

4.31% decline

Median Property Value

$304,000

4.4% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, WA had a population of 30.5k people with a median age of 57.1 and a median household income of $51,842. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, WA grew from 30,333 to 30,524, a 0.63% increase and its median household income grew from $50,928 to $51,842, a 1.79% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, WA is 88.7% White Alone, 3.48% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.4% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, WA speak a non-English language, and 97.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, WA are Northwest School of Wooden Boat Building (48 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Jefferson County, WA is $304,000, and the homeownership rate is 73.4%. Most people in Jefferson County, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, WA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Port Ludlow Houses

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Washington.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Washington compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Washington (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Washington.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Washington across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, WA employs 11.3k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, WA are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,473 people), Retail Trade (1,190 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1,056 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($133,750), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,227), and Wholesale Trade ($52,019).

Median household income in Jefferson County, WA is $51,842. Males in Jefferson County, WA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,882. The income inequality in Jefferson County, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,842

2017 value

± $3,291

1.79%

1 Year Growth

± 8.13%

Households in Jefferson County, WA have a median annual income of $51,842, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,928 in 2016, which represents a 1.79% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, WA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

$73,040

Average Male Salary

± $1,385

$53,882

Average Female Salary

± $1,130

In 2017, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,555 ± $3,156

  2. White

    $57,225 ± $943

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,049 ± $3,328

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, WA is from Washington.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.467

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Washington was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.104% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9506.02

  3. Census Tract 9505

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, WA was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $60,245, followed by Census Tract 9506.02 and Census Tract 9505, with respective values of $54,950 and $53,992.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, WA (3.8k out of 29.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,297 ± 414

  2. Hispanic

    248 ± 154

  3. Native American

    238 ± 100

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.3k

2017 Value

± 765

-4.31%

1 Year decline

± 9.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, WA declined at a rate of -4.31%, from 11.8k employees to 11.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, WA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,412 people), Management Occupations (1,274 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,099 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, WA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,412 people), Management Occupations (1,274 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,099 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.88 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.77 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, WA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,556), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,083), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($70,556).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.3k

2017 Value

± 765

-4.31%

1 Year decline

± 9.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, WA declined at a rate of -4.31%, from 11.8k employees to 11.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, WA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,473 people), Retail Trade (1,190 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1,056 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, WA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, WA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,473 people), Retail Trade (1,190 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1,056 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, WA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.92 times higher than expected), Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.91 times), and Public Administration (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, WA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($133,750), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,227), and Wholesale Trade ($52,019).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $45.6B

  2. $39.9B

  3. $29B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $45.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($39.9B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$323B

2020 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

37.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Washington trade was $323B. This is expected to increase 37.4% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $15.8B

  3. $10.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $29.1B, followed by California with $15.8B and Tennessee and $10.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Jefferson County, WA has health coverage, with 28.7% on employee plans, 14.6% on Medicaid, 23.9% on Medicare, 22.9% on non-group plans, and 2.31% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, WA see 1128 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.01% decrease from the previous year (1163 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2076 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 338 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,128 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, WA see an average of 1,128 patients per year. This represents a 3.01% decrease from the previous year (1,163 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, WA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.6%

Uninsured

28.7%

Employer Coverage

14.6%

Medicaid

23.9%

Medicare

22.9%

Non-Group

2.31%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, WA declined by 7.03% from 8.17% to 7.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, WA is home to a population of 30.5k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.31% of Jefferson County, WA residents were born outside of the country (1.62k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, WA is composed of 27.1k White Alone residents (88.7%), 1.06k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.48%), 1.04k Two or More Races residents (3.4%), 575 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.88%), 554 Asian Alone residents (1.81%), 159 Black or African American Alone residents (0.521%), 46 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.151%), and 16 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0524%).

Age

Age by Nativity

57

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

60

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, WA was 57.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 57, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 60. But people in Jefferson County, WA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, WA residents was 56.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.31%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.62k people

4.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.49k people

As of 2017, 5.31% of Jefferson County, WA residents (1.62k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, WA was 4.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Washington.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,445 ± 11,764 people

  2. Philippines

    67,799 ± 6,362 people

  3. India

    67,429 ± 6,345 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 237,445 Washington residents, followed by Philippines with 67,799 and India with 67,429.

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Citizenship

97.9%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.9% of Jefferson County, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, WA was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    27.1k ± 32

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.06k ± 175

  3. Two or More Races

    1.04k ± 172

In 2017, there were 25.5 times more White Alone residents (27.1k people) in Jefferson County, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.06k Hispanic or Latino and 1.04k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, WA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,069 ± 282

  2. Korea

    333 ± 95

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    302 ± 120

Jefferson County, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 6.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County, WA awarded 48 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, WA is skewed towards men, with 43 male students and 5 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, WA are White (44 and 91.7%), followed by Two or More Races (3 and 6.25%), Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (1 and 2.08%), and Asian (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, WA by number of degrees awarded are Northwest School of Wooden Boat Building (48 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, WA are Other Woodworking (48 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, WA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 44 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jefferson County, WA was Other Woodworking with 44 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jefferson County, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

48 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County, WA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northwest School of Wooden Boat Building with 48 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

42

Degrees Awarded to Men

6

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 42 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, WA, which is 7 times more than the 6 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, WA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    44 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    3 degrees awarded

  3. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders

    1 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, WA were to White students. These 44 degrees mean that there were 14.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 3 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, WA was $304,000 in 2017, which is 1.32 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $291,200 to $304,000, a 4.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, WA is 73.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, WA have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$304,000

2017 Median

± $11,546

$291,200

2016 Median

± $11,668

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, WA grew to to $304,000 from the previous year's value of $291,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,842

Median Household Income

± $3,291

13.9k

Number of Households

± 807

In 2017, the median household income of the 13.9k households in Jefferson County, WA grew to $51,842 from the previous year's value of $50,928.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.4%

2017 Homeownership

73.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.4% of the housing units in Jefferson County, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, WA have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 5.69% of the workforce in Jefferson County, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.3%

  2. Worked At Home

    8.14%

  3. Carpooled

    6%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, WA was Drove Alone (76.3%), followed by those who Worked At Home (8.14%) and those who Carpooled (6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, WA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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