Jefferson County, NY

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Population

116,567

1.19% decline

Median Age

31.9


Median Household Income

$50,322

0.823% growth

Poverty Rate

14.8%


Number of Employees

44,883

0.971% decline

Median Property Value

$149,300

3.39% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, NY had a population of 117k people with a median age of 31.9 and a median household income of $50,322. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, NY declined from 117,966 to 116,567, a -1.19% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,911 to $50,322, a 0.823% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, NY is 82.1% White Alone, 7.26% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.48% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, NY speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, NY are Jefferson Community College (628 degrees awarded in 2016) and Jefferson Lewis BOCES-Practical Nursing Program (74 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, NY is $149,300, and the homeownership rate is 55.6%. Most people in Jefferson County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: On Lake Ontario

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, NY employs 44.9k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,840 people), Retail Trade (6,213 people), and Public Administration (5,422 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,500), Public Administration ($51,000), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($43,349).

Median household income in Jefferson County, NY is $50,322. Males in Jefferson County, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Jefferson County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,322

2017 value

± $1,205

0.823%

1 Year Growth

± 3.66%

Households in Jefferson County, NY have a median annual income of $50,322, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,911 in 2016, which represents a 0.823% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 624

  2. Census Tract 602

  3. Census Tract 611

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, NY was Census Tract 624 with a value of $75,464, followed by Census Tract 602 and Census Tract 611, with respective values of $66,360 and $62,905.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, NY (16.2k out of 110k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,452 ± 723

  2. Hispanic

    1,537 ± 266

  3. Two Or More

    1,289 ± 258

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

44.9k

2017 Value

± 1,329

-0.971%

1 Year decline

± 4.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, NY declined at a rate of -0.971%, from 45.3k employees to 44.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,654 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,938 people), and Management Occupations (3,481 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,654 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,938 people), and Management Occupations (3,481 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.71 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.69 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, NY, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,234), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($70,713), and Protective Service Occupations ($66,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

44.9k

2017 Value

± 1,329

-0.971%

1 Year decline

± 4.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, NY declined at a rate of -0.971%, from 45.3k employees to 44.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,840 people), Retail Trade (6,213 people), and Public Administration (5,422 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,840 people), Retail Trade (6,213 people), and Public Administration (5,422 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, NY has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.59 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.7 times), and Retail Trade (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,500), Public Administration ($51,000), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($43,349).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.6% of the population of Jefferson County, NY has health coverage, with 34.9% on employee plans, 19.9% on Medicaid, 9.78% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 15.8% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, NY see 2028 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.27% decrease from the previous year (2054 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1065 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 570 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,028 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, NY see an average of 2,028 patients per year. This represents a 1.27% decrease from the previous year (2,054 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.39%

Uninsured

34.9%

Employer Coverage

19.9%

Medicaid

9.78%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

15.8%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, NY declined by 18.1% from 7.79% to 6.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, NY is home to a population of 117k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.66% of Jefferson County, NY residents were born outside of the country (4.27k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, NY is composed of 95.7k White Alone residents (82.1%), 8.47k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.26%), 6.39k Black or African American Alone residents (5.48%), 3.48k Two or More Races residents (2.99%), 1.72k Asian Alone residents (1.48%), 432 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.371%), 284 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.244%), and 135 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.116%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson County, NY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, NY was 31.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Jefferson County, NY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, NY residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.66%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.27k people

3.75%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.43k people

As of 2017, 3.66% of Jefferson County, NY residents (4.27k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, NY was 3.75%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 New York residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Jefferson County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, NY was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    95.7k ± 53

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    8.47k ± 720

  3. Black or African American Alone

    6.39k ± 371

In 2017, there were 11.3 times more White Alone residents (95.7k people) in Jefferson County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.47k Hispanic or Latino and 6.39k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jefferson County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson County, NY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jefferson County, NY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,575 ± 449

  2. Vietnam

    2,056 ± 191

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,478 ± 179

Jefferson County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jefferson County, NY awarded 702 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, NY is skewed towards women, with 1,592 male students and 2,111 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, NY are White (524 and 75.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (96 and 13.8%), Black or African American (35 and 5.01%), and Two or More Races (31 and 4.44%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, NY by number of degrees awarded are Jefferson Community College (628 and 89.5%) and Jefferson Lewis BOCES-Practical Nursing Program (74 and 10.5%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, NY are General Studies (113 and 16.1%), Humanistic Studies (102 and 14.5%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (74 and 10.5%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, NY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 113 degrees awarded

  2. 102 degrees awarded

  3. 70 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jefferson County, NY was General Studies with 113 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jefferson County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 628 degrees awarded

  2. 74 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Jefferson County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Jefferson Community College with 628 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

234

Degrees Awarded to Men

468

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 234 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, NY, which is 0.5 times less than the 468 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    524 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    96 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    35 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, NY were to White students. These 524 degrees mean that there were 5.46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 96 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, NY was $149,300 in 2017, which is 0.686 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $144,400 to $149,300, a 3.39% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, NY is 55.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, NY have an average commute time of 16.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,322

Median Household Income

± $1,205

43.2k

Number of Households

± 1,203

In 2017, the median household income of the 43.2k households in Jefferson County, NY grew to $50,322 from the previous year's value of $49,911.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$149,300

2017 Median

± $3,782

$144,400

2016 Median

± $4,274

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, NY grew to to $149,300 from the previous year's value of $144,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

55.6%

2017 Homeownership

56%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.6% of the housing units in Jefferson County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 56%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, NY have a shorter commute time (16.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.16% of the workforce in Jefferson County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10%

  3. Walked

    6.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, NY was Drove Alone (75.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10%) and those who Walked (6.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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