Jay County, IN

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Population

21,107

0.42% decline

Median Age

39.8


Median Household Income

$42,878

1.31% growth

Poverty Rate

17.9%


Number of Employees

9,315

1.58% decline

Median Property Value

$85,000

4.81% growth

About

In 2017, Jay County, IN had a population of 21.1k people with a median age of 39.8 and a median household income of $42,878. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jay County, IN declined from 21,196 to 21,107, a -0.42% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,322 to $42,878, a 1.31% increase.

The population of Jay County, IN is 95.1% White Alone, 3.02% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.886% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Jay County, IN speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Jay County, IN is $85,000, and the homeownership rate is 74.1%. Most people in Jay County, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jay County, IN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jay County, IN employs 9.32k people. The largest industries in Jay County, IN are Manufacturing (3,213 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,176 people), and Retail Trade (797 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,667), Wholesale Trade ($41,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($36,250).

Median household income in Jay County, IN is $42,878. Males in Jay County, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Jay County, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,878

2017 value

± $2,330

1.31%

1 Year Growth

± 7.6%

Households in Jay County, IN have a median annual income of $42,878, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,322 in 2016, which represents a 1.31% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jay County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jay County, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9627

  2. Census Tract 9629

  3. Census Tract 9628

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jay County, IN was Census Tract 9627 with a value of $54,896, followed by Census Tract 9629 and Census Tract 9628, with respective values of $54,167 and $50,604.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jay County, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jay County, IN (3.71k out of 20.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,544 ± 320

  2. Hispanic

    180 ± 121

  3. Other

    67 ± 117

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jay County, IN is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.32k

2017 Value

± 489

-1.58%

1 Year decline

± 7.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jay County, IN declined at a rate of -1.58%, from 9.47k employees to 9.32k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jay County, IN, are Production Occupations (2,052 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (886 people), and Management Occupations (748 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,052 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (886 people), and Management Occupations (748 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jay County, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.8 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.61 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.97 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jay County, IN, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($47,500), Management Occupations ($47,100), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($45,179).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.32k

2017 Value

± 489

-1.58%

1 Year decline

± 7.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jay County, IN declined at a rate of -1.58%, from 9.47k employees to 9.32k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jay County, IN, are Manufacturing (3,213 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,176 people), and Retail Trade (797 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jay County, IN, though some of these residents may live in Jay County, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jay County, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,213 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,176 people), and Retail Trade (797 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jay County, IN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.64 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (3.41 times), and Construction (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jay County, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,667), Wholesale Trade ($41,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($36,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals ($42.9B) and Mixed freight ($39.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.5% of the population of Jay County, IN has health coverage, with 45.2% on employee plans, 17.9% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jay County, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Jay County, IN see 3520 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.283% decrease from the previous year (3530 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3508 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1052 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,520 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jay County, IN see an average of 3,520 patients per year. This represents a 0.283% decrease from the previous year (3,530 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jay County, IN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.5%

Uninsured

45.2%

Employer Coverage

17.9%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

1%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jay County, IN declined by 4.91% from 12.1% to 11.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jay County, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jay County, IN is home to a population of 21.1k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.69% of Jay County, IN residents were born outside of the country (356 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jay County, IN is composed of 20.1k White Alone residents (95.1%), 637 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.02%), 187 Two or More Races residents (0.886%), 111 Asian Alone residents (0.526%), 70 Black or African American Alone residents (0.332%), 29 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.137%), 1 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00474%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jay County, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jay County, IN was 39.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Jay County, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jay County, IN residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.69%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

356 people

1.23%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

260 people

As of 2017, 1.69% of Jay County, IN residents (356 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jay County, IN was 1.23%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jay County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Jay County, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jay County, IN was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jay County, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    20.1k ± 21

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    637 ± 184

  3. Two or More Races

    187 ± 75

In 2017, there were 31.5 times more White Alone residents (20.1k people) in Jay County, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 637 Hispanic or Latino and 187 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jay County, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jay County, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jay County, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jay County, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    453 ± 94

  2. Korea

    181 ± 48

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    94 ± 50

Jay County, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jay County, IN was $85,000 in 2017, which is 0.391 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $81,100 to $85,000, a 4.81% increase. The homeownership rate in Jay County, IN is 74.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jay County, IN have an average commute time of 18.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jay County, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,878

Median Household Income

± $2,330

8.2k

Number of Households

± 457

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.2k households in Jay County, IN grew to $42,878 from the previous year's value of $42,322.

The following chart displays the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$85,000

2017 Median

± $2,906

$81,100

2016 Median

± $3,340

In 2017, the median property value in Jay County, IN grew to to $85,000 from the previous year's value of $81,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jay County, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jay County, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jay County, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.1%

2017 Homeownership

75.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.1% of the housing units in Jay County, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jay County, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jay County, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jay County, IN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jay County, IN have a shorter commute time (18.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.39% of the workforce in Jay County, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jay County, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.2%

  2. Carpooled

    9.97%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.9%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jay County, IN was Drove Alone (79.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.97%) and those who Worked At Home (5.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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