Ingham County, MI

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Population

292,735

0.878% growth

Median Age

32.1


Median Household Income

$52,691

3.53% growth

Poverty Rate

20.9%


Number of Employees

145,718

2.34% growth

Median Property Value

$142,700

6.18% growth

About

In 2018, Ingham County, MI had a population of 293k people with a median age of 32.1 and a median household income of $52,691. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Ingham County, MI grew from 290,186 to 292,735, a 0.878% increase and its median household income grew from $50,896 to $52,691, a 3.53% increase.

The population of Ingham County, MI is 69.1% White Alone, 11.4% Black or African American Alone, and 7.88% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Ingham County, MI speak a non-English language, and 94.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ingham County, MI are Michigan State University (13,044 degrees awarded in 2017), Lansing Community College (2,870 degrees), and Douglas J Aveda Institute (613 degrees).

The median property value in Ingham County, MI is $142,700, and the homeownership rate is 58.1%. Most people in Ingham County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Ingham County, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Michigan State Capitol Rotunda, Lansing, MI

Economy

The economy of Ingham County, MI employs 146k people. The largest industries in Ingham County, MI are Educational Services (23,518 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,710 people), and Retail Trade (15,271 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,956), Public Administration ($58,825), and Finance & Insurance ($56,488).

Median household income in Ingham County, MI is $52,691. Males in Ingham County, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,599. The income inequality in Ingham County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,691

2018 value

± $2,097

3.53%

1 Year Growth

± 5.8%

Households in Ingham County, MI have a median annual income of $52,691, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,896 in 2017, which represents a 3.53% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ingham County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$66,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,155

$48,599

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2018, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $88,578 ± $80,802

  2. Asian

    $69,562 ± $4,799

  3. White

    $51,075 ± $730

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ingham County, MI is from Michigan.

0.472

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.175% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 50.02

  2. Census Tract 46

  3. Census Tract 57

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ingham County, MI was Census Tract 50.02 with a value of $119,583, followed by Census Tract 46 and Census Tract 57, with respective values of $103,589 and $98,977.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ingham County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ingham County, MI (56k out of 268k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    34,936 ± 1,138

  2. Black

    9,673 ± 734

  3. Two Or More

    5,901 ± 636

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ingham County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

146k

2018 Value

± 5,645

2.34%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Ingham County, MI grew at a rate of 2.34%, from 142k employees to 146k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ingham County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,120 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,763 people), and Management Occupations (12,745 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ingham County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ingham County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,120 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,763 people), and Management Occupations (12,745 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ingham County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.91 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.33 times), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ingham County, MI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($88,869), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,404), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($63,399).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

146k

2018 Value

± 5,645

2.34%

1 Year growth

± 5.43%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Ingham County, MI grew at a rate of 2.34%, from 142k employees to 146k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ingham County, MI, are Educational Services (23,518 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,710 people), and Retail Trade (15,271 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ingham County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ingham County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ingham County, MI, by number of employees, are Educational Services (23,518 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,710 people), and Retail Trade (15,271 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ingham County, MI has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.76 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.75 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ingham County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($71,956), Public Administration ($58,825), and Finance & Insurance ($56,488).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.6% of the population of Ingham County, MI has health coverage, with 53.4% on employee plans, 18.7% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 0.945% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ingham County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Ingham County, MI see 944 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.212% increase from the previous year (942 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1372 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 292 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

944 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ingham County, MI see an average of 944 patients per year. This represents a 0.212% increase from the previous year (942 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ingham County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.39%

Uninsured

53.4%

Employer Coverage

18.7%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

0.945%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ingham County, MI declined by 27.5% from 6.06% to 4.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ingham County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ingham County, MI is home to a population of 293k people, from which 94.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.22% of Ingham County, MI residents were born outside of the country (26.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ingham County, MI is composed of 202k White Alone residents (69.1%), 33.4k Black or African American Alone residents (11.4%), 23.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.88%), 20.4k Asian Alone residents (6.95%), 12.3k Two or More Races residents (4.2%), 669 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.229%), 544 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.186%), and 30 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0102%).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Ingham County, MI was 32.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Ingham County, MI are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Ingham County, MI residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.22%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

26.8k people

8.73%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

25.1k people

As of 2017, 9.22% of Ingham County, MI residents (26.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ingham County, MI was 8.73%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ingham County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    89,142 ± 7,297 people

  2. India

    75,308 ± 6,712 people

  3. Iraq

    66,449 ± 6,308 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 89,142 Michigan residents, followed by India with 75,308 and Iraq with 66,449.

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Citizenship

94.6%

2018 Citizenship

92.7%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.6% of Ingham County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Ingham County, MI was 92.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ingham County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    202k ± 275

  2. Black or African American Alone

    33.4k ± 1.81k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    23.1k ± 2.89k

In 2018, there were 6.07 times more White Alone residents (202k people) in Ingham County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.4k Black or African American Alone and 23.1k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ingham County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,724 ± 833

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,210 ± 1,159

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,309 ± 489

Ingham County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Ingham County, MI awarded 17,620 degrees. The student population of Ingham County, MI is skewed towards women, with 31,136 male students and 34,965 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ingham County, MI are White (12,190 and 77.9%), followed by Black or African American (1,155 and 7.38%), Hispanic or Latino (704 and 4.5%), and Asian (676 and 4.32%).

The largest universities in Ingham County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Michigan State University (13,044 and 74%), Lansing Community College (2,870 and 16.3%), and Douglas J Aveda Institute (613 and 3.48%).

The most popular majors in Ingham County, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (631 and 3.58%), Law (582 and 3.3%), and Advertising (506 and 2.87%).

The median tuition costs in Ingham County, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $15,375 and $40,024 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 460 degrees awarded

  2. 401 degrees awarded

  3. 495 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ingham County, MI was General Economics with 460 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ingham County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 13,044 degrees awarded

  2. 2,870 degrees awarded

  3. 613 degrees awarded

$15,375

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Ingham County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Michigan State University with 13,044 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,633

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,987

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 7,633 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ingham County, MI, which is 0.764 times less than the 9,987 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Ingham County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    12,190 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,155 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    704 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ingham County, MI were to White students. These 12,190 degrees mean that there were 10.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,155 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ingham County, MI was $142,700 in 2018, which is 0.621 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $134,400 to $142,700, a 6.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Ingham County, MI is 58.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ingham County, MI have an average commute time of 19.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ingham County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$142,700

2018 Median

± $6,313

$134,400

2017 Median

± $6,890

In 2018, the median property value in Ingham County, MI grew to to $142,700 from the previous year's value of $134,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ingham County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ingham County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,691

Median Household Income

± $2,097

112k

Number of Households

± 4,803

In 2018, the median household income of the 112k households in Ingham County, MI grew to $52,691 from the previous year's value of $50,896.

The following chart displays the households in Ingham County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ingham County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ingham County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

58.1%

2018 Homeownership

57.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 58.1% of the housing units in Ingham County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ingham County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ingham County, MI have a shorter commute time (19.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.58% of the workforce in Ingham County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ingham County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Walked

    4.69%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Ingham County, MI was Drove Alone (75.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Walked (4.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ingham County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ingham County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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