Hughes County, SD

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Population

17,572

0.308% growth

Poverty Rate

11.3%


Median Age

38.3


Median Household Income

$59,741

1.37% growth

Number of Employees

9,402

1.18% decline

Median Property Value

$173,400

1.58% growth

About

In 2017, Hughes County, SD had a population of 17.6k people with a median age of 38.3 and a median household income of $59,741. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hughes County, SD grew from 17,518 to 17,572, a 0.308% increase and its median household income grew from $58,934 to $59,741, a 1.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hughes County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (83.1%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (10.3%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.77%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (0.905%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (0.814%). N/A% of the people in Hughes County, SD speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Hughes County, SD is $173,400, and the homeownership rate is 64.7%. Most people in Hughes County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 10.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Hughes County, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in South Dakota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of South Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Hughes County, SD employs 9.4k people. The largest industries in Hughes County, SD are Public Administration (2,221 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,033 people), and Retail Trade (1,015 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,491), Wholesale Trade ($67,045), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,500).

Median household income in Hughes County, SD is $59,741. Males in Hughes County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Hughes County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,741

2017 value

± $3,337

1.37%

1 Year Growth

± 8.29%

Households in Hughes County, SD have a median annual income of $59,741, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,934 in 2016, which represents a 1.37% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Hughes County, SD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hughes County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9780

  2. Census Tract 9777

  3. Census Tract 9778

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hughes County, SD was Census Tract 9780 with a value of $71,731, followed by Census Tract 9777 and Census Tract 9778, with respective values of $66,516 and $60,526.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hughes County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hughes County, SD (1.85k out of 16.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    926 ± 213

  2. Native American

    655 ± 157

  3. Hispanic

    243 ± 116

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hughes County, SD is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.4k

2017 Value

± 628

-1.18%

1 Year decline

± 9.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hughes County, SD declined at a rate of -1.18%, from 9.51k employees to 9.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hughes County, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,417 people), Management Occupations (1,063 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (871 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hughes County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hughes County, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,417 people), Management Occupations (1,063 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (871 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hughes County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.8 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (2.14 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.89 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hughes County, SD, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,982), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($55,230), and Management Occupations ($54,226).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.4k

2017 Value

± 628

-1.18%

1 Year decline

± 9.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hughes County, SD declined at a rate of -1.18%, from 9.51k employees to 9.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hughes County, SD, are Public Administration (2,221 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,033 people), and Retail Trade (1,015 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hughes County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Hughes County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hughes County, SD, by number of employees, are Public Administration (2,221 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,033 people), and Retail Trade (1,015 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hughes County, SD has an unusually high number of Public Administration (5.06 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.81 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.89 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hughes County, SD, by median earnings, are Utilities ($84,491), Wholesale Trade ($67,045), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.8B

  2. $4.58B

  3. $4.53B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.8B, followed by Live animals/fish ($4.58B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.53B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$66.6B

2020 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

38.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Dakota trade was $66.6B. This is expected to increase 38.4% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $8.77B

  2. $2.47B

  3. $2.17B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $8.77B, followed by Iowa with $2.47B and Nebraska and $2.17B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of Hughes County, SD has health coverage, with 55.3% on employee plans, 10.4% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.5% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hughes County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Hughes County, SD see 1350 patients per year on average, which represents a 8.16% decrease from the previous year (1470 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1600 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 518 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,350 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hughes County, SD see an average of 1,350 patients per year. This represents a 8.16% decrease from the previous year (1,470 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hughes County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.73%

Uninsured

55.3%

Employer Coverage

10.4%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.5%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hughes County, SD declined by 2.58% from 7.93% to 7.73%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hughes County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hughes County, SD is home to a population of 17.6k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.17% of Hughes County, SD residents were born outside of the country (205 people).

In 2017, there were 8.09 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.6k people) in Hughes County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.81k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 486 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 12.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hughes County, SD was 38.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Hughes County, SD are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Hughes County, SD residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.17%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

205 people

1.23%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

215 people

As of 2017, 1.17% of Hughes County, SD residents (205 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hughes County, SD was 1.23%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hughes County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Hughes County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hughes County, SD was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hughes County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hughes County, SD

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    14.6k ± 15

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)

    1.81k ± 178

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    486 ± 162

In 2017, there were 8.09 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.6k people) in Hughes County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.81k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 486 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Hughes County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    444 ± 116

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    154 ± 85

  3. Korea

    141 ± 59

Hughes County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hughes County, SD was $173,400 in 2017, which is 0.755 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $170,700 to $173,400, a 1.58% increase. The homeownership rate in Hughes County, SD is 64.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hughes County, SD have an average commute time of 10.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hughes County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$173,400

2017 Median

± $6,769

$170,700

2016 Median

± $6,437

In 2017, the median property value in Hughes County, SD grew to to $173,400 from the previous year's value of $170,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hughes County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hughes County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,741

Median Household Income

± $3,337

7.39k

Number of Households

± 562

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.39k households in Hughes County, SD grew to $59,741 from the previous year's value of $58,934.

The following chart displays the households in Hughes County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hughes County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hughes County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

63.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.7% of the housing units in Hughes County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hughes County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

10.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hughes County, SD have a shorter commute time (10.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.504% of the workforce in Hughes County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hughes County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Walked

    3.41%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hughes County, SD was Drove Alone (82.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Walked (3.41%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hughes County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hughes County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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