Houston County, AL

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Population

104,108

0.209% growth

Median Age

39.6


Median Household Income

$42,803

2.05% growth

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

44,108

0.692% growth

Median Property Value

$127,100

1.84% growth

About

In 2017, Houston County, AL had a population of 104k people with a median age of 39.6 and a median household income of $42,803. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Houston County, AL grew from 103,891 to 104,108, a 0.209% increase and its median household income grew from $41,945 to $42,803, a 2.05% increase.

The population of Houston County, AL is 67.2% White Alone, 26.5% Black or African American Alone, and 3.23% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Houston County, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houston County, AL are Fortis College-Dothan (129 degrees awarded in 2016) and Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine (0 degrees).

The median property value in Houston County, AL is $127,100, and the homeownership rate is 64.6%. Most people in Houston County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Houston County, AL employs 44.1k people. The largest industries in Houston County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,578 people), Retail Trade (6,477 people), and Manufacturing (4,271 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($66,397), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,064), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,500).

Median household income in Houston County, AL is $42,803. Males in Houston County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Houston County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,803

2017 value

± $919

2.05%

1 Year Growth

± 2.89%

Households in Houston County, AL have a median annual income of $42,803, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,945 in 2016, which represents a 2.05% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Houston County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houston County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 402.02

  2. Census Tract 402.01

  3. Census Tract 401

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston County, AL was Census Tract 402.02 with a value of $74,051, followed by Census Tract 402.01 and Census Tract 401, with respective values of $65,298 and $55,151.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Houston County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston County, AL (19k out of 103k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    9,357 ± 332

  2. White

    8,613 ± 392

  3. Hispanic

    1,062 ± 138

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

44.1k

2017 Value

± 828

0.692%

1 Year growth

± 2.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houston County, AL grew at a rate of 0.692%, from 43.8k employees to 44.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston County, AL, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,713 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,643 people), and Management Occupations (3,448 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Houston County, AL, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,713 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,643 people), and Management Occupations (3,448 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Houston County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.5 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.43 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Houston County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,542), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,801), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($56,726).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

44.1k

2017 Value

± 828

0.692%

1 Year growth

± 2.66%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Houston County, AL grew at a rate of 0.692%, from 43.8k employees to 44.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,578 people), Retail Trade (6,477 people), and Manufacturing (4,271 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Houston County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Houston County, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,578 people), Retail Trade (6,477 people), and Manufacturing (4,271 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Houston County, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.92 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.41 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Houston County, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($66,397), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,064), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89% of the population of Houston County, AL has health coverage, with 40.8% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 14.4% on non-group plans, and 2.48% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Houston County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Houston County, AL see 1085 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.13% decrease from the previous year (1120 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1577 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 807 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,085 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Houston County, AL see an average of 1,085 patients per year. This represents a 3.13% decrease from the previous year (1,120 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Houston County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11%

Uninsured

40.8%

Employer Coverage

19.1%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

14.4%

Non-Group

2.48%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston County, AL declined by 9.13% from 12.1% to 11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Houston County, AL is home to a population of 104k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.28% of Houston County, AL residents were born outside of the country (2.37k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Houston County, AL is composed of 70k White Alone residents (67.2%), 27.6k Black or African American Alone residents (26.5%), 3.37k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.23%), 1.9k Two or More Races residents (1.82%), 874 Asian Alone residents (0.84%), 322 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.309%), 95 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0913%), and 16 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0154%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Houston County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Houston County, AL was 39.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Houston County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Houston County, AL residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.28%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.37k people

2.32%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.41k people

As of 2017, 2.28% of Houston County, AL residents (2.37k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston County, AL was 2.32%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Houston County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Houston County, AL was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    70k ± 50

  2. Black or African American Alone

    27.6k ± 164

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.37k ± 263

In 2017, there were 2.54 times more White Alone residents (70k people) in Houston County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.6k Black or African American Alone and 3.37k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Houston County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Houston County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Houston County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Houston County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,856 ± 195

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,447 ± 169

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,405 ± 160

Houston County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Houston County, AL awarded 129 degrees. The student population of Houston County, AL is skewed towards men, with 410 male students and 392 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houston County, AL are Black or African American (78 and 60.5%), followed by White (43 and 33.3%), Hispanic or Latino (3 and 2.33%), and Two or More Races (2 and 1.55%).

The largest universities in Houston County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Fortis College-Dothan (129 and 100%) and Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine (0 and 0%).

The most popular majors in Houston County, AL are Medical Assistant (81 and 62.8%), Pharmacy Technician (33 and 25.6%), and HVAC Maintenance (15 and 11.6%).

The median tuition costs in Houston County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 15 degrees awarded

  2. 81 degrees awarded

  3. 33 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Houston County, AL was HVAC Maintenance with 15 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Houston County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 129 degrees awarded

  2. 0 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Houston County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fortis College-Dothan with 129 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

17

Degrees Awarded to Men

112

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 17 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houston County, AL, which is 0.152 times less than the 112 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Houston County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    78 degrees awarded

  2. White

    43 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Houston County, AL were to Black or African American students. These 78 degrees mean that there were 1.81 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 43 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston County, AL was $127,100 in 2017, which is 0.584 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $124,800 to $127,100, a 1.84% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston County, AL is 64.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Houston County, AL have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Houston County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,803

Median Household Income

± $919

39.6k

Number of Households

± 730

In 2017, the median household income of the 39.6k households in Houston County, AL grew to $42,803 from the previous year's value of $41,945.

The following chart displays the households in Houston County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$127,100

2017 Median

± $2,585

$124,800

2016 Median

± $2,469

In 2017, the median property value in Houston County, AL grew to to $127,100 from the previous year's value of $124,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Houston County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Houston County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.6%

2017 Homeownership

64.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.6% of the housing units in Houston County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Houston County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston County, AL have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.44% of the workforce in Houston County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    89.2%

  2. Carpooled

    6.86%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.29%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Houston County, AL was Drove Alone (89.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.86%) and those who Worked At Home (2.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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