Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
172,648
0.529% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Doug Jones
Democratic Party
Median Age
35.8

Poverty Rate
8.61%

Median Household Income
$78,184
5.99% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$294,700
2.97% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
85,609
0.199% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL had a population of 173k people with a median age of 35.8 and a median household income of $78,184. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL grew from 171,740 to 172,648, a 0.529% increase and its median household income grew from $73,764 to $78,184, a 5.99% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (73.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (15.7%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.51%), White (Hispanic) (2.5%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.95%). 10.1% of the people in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL speak a non-English language, and 95.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are Samford University (1,640 degrees awarded in 2017), Virginia College-Birmingham (852 degrees), and Brown Mackie College-Birmingham (177 degrees).

The median property value in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is $294,700, and the homeownership rate is 63.8%. Most people in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (34.4%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.09%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Doug Jones are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Alabama
62.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 89.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Doug Jones
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2018
Elected to the seat to succeed Luther Strange, who had been appointed to the seat following Jeff Sessions's resignation.

Richard Shelby and Doug Jones are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is home to a population of 173k people, from which 95.3% are citizens. As of 2018, 7.42% of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (12.8k people).

In 2018, there were 4.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (128k people) in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.07k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are Spanish (7,116 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,237 speakers), and Arabic (928 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    128k ± 1.84k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    27.2k ± 1.41k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    6.07k ± 721
4.76%
Hispanic Population
8.23k people

In 2018, there were 4.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (128k people) in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.07k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.76% of the people in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are hispanic (8.23k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    7,116 speakers (4.44%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    1,237 speakers (0.772%)
  3. Arabic
    928 speakers (0.579%)

10.1% of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was Spanish. 4.44% of the overall population of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are native Spanish speakers. 0.772% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.579% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.42%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
12.8k people
7.05%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
12.1k people

As of 2018, 7.42% of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL residents (12.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was 7.05%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

35
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
40
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was 35.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,860 ± 1,302 people
  2. India
    1,315 ± 887 people
  3. Vietnam
    735 ± 664 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 2,860 Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL residents, followed by India with 1,315 and Vietnam with 735.

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Citizenship

95.3%
2018 Citizenship
95.3%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.3% of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,069 ± 246
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,278 ± 260
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,134 ± 247

Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is $78,184. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $83,496, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $71,230 and $70,994.

Males in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.71 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,212. The income inequality in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.506, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL employs 85.6k people. The largest industries in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are Hospitals (6,876 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,018 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,804 people), and the highest paying industries are Natural gas distribution ($192,655), Printing & related support activities ($157,075), and Legal services ($153,645).

Wages

Median Household Income

$78,184
2018 value
± $1,650
5.99%
1 Year Growth
± 3.28%

Households in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have a median annual income of $78,184, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $73,764 in 2017, which represents a 5.99% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$96,000
Average Male Salary in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL
± $11,731
$56,212
Average Female Salary in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL
± $6,964

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL made 1.71 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL
  1. White
    $75,693 ± $8,054
  2. American Indian
    $64,163 ± $55,985
  3. Asian
    $61,540 ± $28,478

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL workers was White. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.506
2017 Wage GINI in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL
0.503
2016 Wage GINI in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL

In 2017, the income inequality in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was 0.506 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.554% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $83,496, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $71,230 and $70,994.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.61% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL (14.6k out of 170k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    7,790 ± 722
  2. Black
    4,726 ± 652
  3. Hispanic
    1,965 ± 383

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

85.6k
2017 Value
0.199%
1 Year growth
± 0.199%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.199%, from 85.4k employees to 85.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, are Registered nurses (3,093 people), Miscellaneous managers (2,795 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (2,634 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Registered nurses (3,093 people), Miscellaneous managers (2,795 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (2,634 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Optometrists (6.45 times higher than expected), Tax preparers (4.84 times), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers (4.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($220,953), Chief executives & legislators ($198,482), and Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents ($188,137).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

85.6k
2017 Value
0.199%
1 Year growth
± 0.199%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.199%, from 85.4k employees to 85.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, are Hospitals (6,876 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,018 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,804 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Hospitals (6,876 people), Elementary & secondary schools (5,018 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,804 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of Nonmetallic mineral mining & quarrying (3.91 times higher than expected), Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers (3.01 times), and Legal services (3.01 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Natural gas distribution ($192,655), Printing & related support activities ($157,075), and Legal services ($153,645).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $40.7B
  2. $28B
  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$243B
2015 Value in Alabama
$367B
Projected 2045 Value in Alabama
50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $25.3B
  2. $16.7B
  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL awarded 2,875 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is skewed towards women, with 2,587 male students and 6,092 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are White (1,494 and 53.1%), followed by Black or African American (763 and 27.1%), Unknown (354 and 12.6%), and Hispanic or Latino (94 and 3.34%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Samford University (1,640 and 57%), Virginia College-Birmingham (852 and 29.6%), and Brown Mackie College-Birmingham (177 and 6.16%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are Pharmacy (256 and 8.9%), General Business Administration & Management (227 and 7.9%), and Law (138 and 4.8%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL are $29,640 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 70 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 122 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 112 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was General Business Administration & Management with 70 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,640 degrees awarded
  2. 852 degrees awarded
  3. 177 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$29,640
Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Samford University with 1,640 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

955
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,920
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 955 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL, which is 0.497 times less than the 1,920 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    1,494 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    763 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    354 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL were to White students. These 1,494 degrees mean that there were 1.96 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 763 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was $294,700 in 2018, which is 1.28 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $286,200 to $294,700, a 2.97% increase. The homeownership rate in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is 63.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$294,700
2018 Median
± $5,547
$286,200
2017 Median
± $5,483

In 2018, the median property value in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL grew to to $294,700 from the previous year's value of $286,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$78,184
Median Household Income
± $1,650
69k
Number of Households
± 1,825

In 2018, the median household income of the 69k households in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL grew to $78,184 from the previous year's value of $73,764.

The following chart displays the households in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

63.8%
2018 Homeownership
63.5%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 63.8% of the housing units in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 0.796% of the workforce in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    84.9%
  2. Carpooled
    8.34%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.71%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL was Drove Alone (84.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.34%) and those who Worked At Home (4.71%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

93.7% of the population of Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 61.8% on employee plans, 6.52% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 13.7% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,535 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.29%
Uninsured
61.8%
Employer Coverage
6.52%
Medicaid
10.7%
Medicare
13.7%
Non-Group
1.05%
Military or VA

Between N/A and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL N/A by N/A from N/A% to 6.29%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21.1% prevalence
  2. 20.9% prevalence
  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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