Hilo, HI

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Population

196,325

1.37% growth

Poverty Rate

17.4%


Median Age

42.1


Median Household Income

$56,395

4.56% growth

Number of Employees

84,962

1.77% growth

Median Property Value

$316,000

3.27% growth

About

In 2017, Hilo, HI had a population of 196k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $56,395. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hilo, HI grew from 193,680 to 196,325, a 1.37% increase and its median household income grew from $53,936 to $56,395, a 4.56% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hilo, HI are White (Non-Hispanic) (30.3%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (23.4%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (21.5%), Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) (11.4%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (5.21%). N/A% of the people in Hilo, HI speak a non-English language, and 94.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hilo, HI are University of Hawaii at Hilo (955 degrees awarded in 2017), Hawaii Community College (576 degrees), and Mauna Loa Helicopters (17 degrees).

The median property value in Hilo, HI is $316,000, and the homeownership rate is 67%. Most people in Hilo, HI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hilo, HI is 2 cars per household.

Hilo, HI borders .

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Hawaii. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Hawaii, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Hawaii.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Hawaii (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Hawaii. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Hawaii across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Hilo, HI employs 85k people. The largest industries in Hilo, HI are Accommodation & Food Services (11,371 people), Retail Trade (10,414 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,839 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,636), Public Administration ($46,724), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,363).

Median household income in Hilo, HI is $56,395. Males in Hilo, HI have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,061. The income inequality in Hilo, HI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.427, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,395

2017 value

± $1,657

4.56%

1 Year Growth

± 4.3%

Households in Hilo, HI have a median annual income of $56,395, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,936 in 2016, which represents a 4.56% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Hilo, HI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

$60,071

Average Male Salary

± $2,306

$49,061

Average Female Salary

± $1,981

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hawaii made 1.22 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $58,672 ± $3,390

  2. American Indian

    $48,824 ± $29,202

  3. Asian

    $47,103 ± $2,061

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hawaii workers was White. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hawaii by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hilo, HI is from Hawaii.

0.427

2017 Wage GINI

0.426

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hawaii was 0.427 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.183% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hawaii was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hawaii in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hawaii across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hilo, HI was Honolulu County, HI with a value of $84,423, followed by Maui County, HI and Kauai County, HI, with respective values of $82,885 and $80,921.

The following map shows all of the counties in Hilo, HI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hilo, HI (33.7k out of 193k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,155 ± 859

  2. Two Or More

    10,785 ± 872

  3. Hispanic

    6,607 ± 681

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hilo, HI is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

85k

2017 Value

± 2,189

1.77%

1 Year growth

± 3.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hilo, HI grew at a rate of 1.77%, from 83.5k employees to 85k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hilo, HI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,692 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,379 people), and Management Occupations (8,179 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hilo, HI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hilo, HI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,692 people), Sales & Related Occupations (10,379 people), and Management Occupations (8,179 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Hilo, HI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.42 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.93 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hilo, HI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($79,306), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,000), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($70,247).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

85k

2017 Value

± 2,189

1.77%

1 Year growth

± 3.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hilo, HI grew at a rate of 1.77%, from 83.5k employees to 85k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hilo, HI, are Accommodation & Food Services (11,371 people), Retail Trade (10,414 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,839 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hilo, HI, though some of these residents may live in Hilo, HI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hilo, HI, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (11,371 people), Retail Trade (10,414 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,839 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Hilo, HI has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.13 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.76 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.62 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hilo, HI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,636), Public Administration ($46,724), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,363).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Hawaii to other states, or from other states to Hawaii.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $4.83B

  2. $3.74B

  3. $2.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Hawaii product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $4.83B, followed by Gasoline ($3.74B) and Mixed freight ($2.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Hawaii products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Hawaii state.

$25.9B

2020 Value

$32.8B

Projected 2045 Value

26.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Hawaii trade was $25.9B. This is expected to increase 26.9% to $32.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Hawaii trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Hawaii to other states, or from other states to Hawaii.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $1.55B

  2. $71.2M

  3. $70.4M

In 2015, the top outbound Hawaii domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $1.55B, followed by Texas with $71.2M and Washington and $70.4M.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Hawaii shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94% of the population of Hilo, HI has health coverage, with 43.3% on employee plans, 23.2% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Hilo, HI was $7,299 in 2014. This is a 4.95% increase from the previous year ($6,955).

Primary care physicians in Hilo, HI see 1146 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.951% decrease from the previous year (1157 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1175 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.2%). Additionally, Maui County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (22.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Hawaii.

1,146 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hawaii see an average of 1,146 patients per year. This represents a 0.951% decrease from the previous year (1,157 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hawaii in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Hawaii.

$7,299

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,222

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,087

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,592

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Hawaii (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.95%, from $6,955 to $7,299.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.02%

Uninsured

43.3%

Employer Coverage

23.2%

Medicaid

14%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.81%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hilo, HI declined by 8.92% from 6.61% to 6.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hilo, HI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.2% prevalence

  2. 9.1% prevalence

  3. 8.5% prevalence

Kalawao County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii, at 11.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Hawaii by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hilo, HI is home to a population of 196k people, from which 94.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.3% of Hilo, HI residents were born outside of the country (22.1k people).

In 2017, there were 1.29 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (59.5k people) in Hilo, HI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 42.1k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hilo, HI was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Hilo, HI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hilo, HI residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

22.1k people

11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

21.3k people

As of 2017, 11.3% of Hilo, HI residents (22.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hilo, HI was 11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hilo, HI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Hawaii.

Most Common Origin

  1. Philippines

    116,964 ± 8,044 people

  2. Japan

    22,604 ± 3,662 people

  3. China

    18,529 ± 3,320 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hawaii was Philippines, the natal country of 116,964 Hawaii residents, followed by Japan with 22,604 and China with 18,529.

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Citizenship

94.3%

2017 Citizenship

94.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.3% of Hilo, HI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hilo, HI was 94.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hilo, HI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hilo, HI

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    59.5k ± 130

  2. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    46k ± 1.91k

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    42.1k ± 1.73k

In 2017, there were 1.29 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (59.5k people) in Hilo, HI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 42.1k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Hilo, HI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,662 ± 457

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,860 ± 373

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,591 ± 322

Hilo, HI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Hilo, HI awarded 1,548 degrees. The student population of Hilo, HI is skewed towards women, with 2,406 male students and 3,969 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hilo, HI are Two or More Races (504 and 33.6%), followed by Asian (355 and 23.6%), White (307 and 20.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (190 and 12.6%).

The largest universities in Hilo, HI by number of degrees awarded are University of Hawaii at Hilo (955 and 61.7%), Hawaii Community College (576 and 37.2%), and Mauna Loa Helicopters (17 and 1.1%).

The most popular majors in Hilo, HI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (230 and 14.9%), Pharmacy (149 and 9.63%), and Registered Nursing (76 and 4.91%).

The median tuition costs in Hilo, HI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,200 and $20,160 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 66 degrees awarded

  2. 74 degrees awarded

  3. 71 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hilo, HI was Kinesiology & Exercise Science with 66 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hilo, HI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 955 degrees awarded

  2. 576 degrees awarded

  3. 17 degrees awarded

$7,200

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Hilo, HI institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Hawaii at Hilo with 955 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

691

Degrees Awarded to Men

857

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 691 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hilo, HI, which is 0.806 times less than the 857 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hilo, HI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Two or More Races

    504 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    355 degrees awarded

  3. White

    307 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hilo, HI were to Two or More Races students. These 504 degrees mean that there were 1.42 times more Two or More Races students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 355 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hilo, HI was $316,000 in 2017, which is 1.38 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $306,000 to $316,000, a 3.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Hilo, HI is 67%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hilo, HI have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hilo, HI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$316,000

2017 Median

± $8,267

$306,000

2016 Median

± $7,857

In 2017, the median property value in Hilo, HI grew to to $316,000 from the previous year's value of $306,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hilo, HI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hilo, HI the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,395

Median Household Income

± $1,657

67.1k

Number of Households

± 1,890

In 2017, the median household income of the 67.1k households in Hilo, HI grew to $56,395 from the previous year's value of $53,936.

The following chart displays the households in Hilo, HI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hilo, HI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hilo, HI the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67%

2017 Homeownership

66.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67% of the housing units in Hilo, HI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hilo, HI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hilo, HI have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.53% of the workforce in Hilo, HI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hilo, HI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    8.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hilo, HI was Drove Alone (73.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.6%) and those who Worked At Home (8.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hilo, HI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hilo, HI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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