Highland County, VA

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Population

2,213

0.762% decline

Poverty Rate

10.6%


Median Age

60.5


Median Household Income

$45,094

0.484% growth

Number of Employees

905

7.84% decline

Median Property Value

$184,000

14.4% growth

About

In 2017, Highland County, VA had a population of 2.21k people with a median age of 60.5 and a median household income of $45,094. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Highland County, VA declined from 2,230 to 2,213, a -0.762% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,877 to $45,094, a 0.484% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Highland County, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (99.4%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (0.316%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.271%), White (Hispanic) (0%), and Asian (Hispanic) (0%). N/A% of the people in Highland County, VA speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Highland County, VA is $184,000, and the homeownership rate is 85.5%. Most people in Highland County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Highland County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Highland County, VA employs 905 people. The largest industries in Highland County, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (126 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (96 people), and Public Administration (95 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($41,250), Finance & Insurance ($40,536), and Educational Services ($38,864).

Median household income in Highland County, VA is $45,094. Males in Highland County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Highland County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,094

2017 value

± $4,452

0.484%

1 Year Growth

± 16.7%

Households in Highland County, VA have a median annual income of $45,094, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,877 in 2016, which represents a 0.484% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Highland County, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Highland County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9701

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Highland County, VA was Census Tract 9701 with a value of $45,094, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Highland County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 75+

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Highland County, VA (231 out of 2.18k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    231 ± 89

  2. Black

    0 ± 61

  3. Native American

    0 ± 61

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Highland County, VA is White, followed by Black and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

905

2017 Value

± 152

-7.84%

1 Year decline

± 24.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Highland County, VA declined at a rate of -7.84%, from 982 employees to 905 employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Highland County, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (156 people), Management Occupations (85 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (85 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Highland County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Highland County, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (156 people), Management Occupations (85 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (85 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Highland County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (12.3 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.43 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.11 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Highland County, VA, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($60,486), Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($58,750), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($55,313).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

905

2017 Value

± 152

-7.84%

1 Year decline

± 24.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Highland County, VA declined at a rate of -7.84%, from 982 employees to 905 employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Highland County, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (126 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (96 people), and Public Administration (95 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Highland County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Highland County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Highland County, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (126 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (96 people), and Public Administration (95 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Highland County, VA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (8.97 times higher than expected), Information (3.93 times), and Public Administration (2.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Highland County, VA, by median earnings, are Information ($41,250), Finance & Insurance ($40,536), and Educational Services ($38,864).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.6% of the population of Highland County, VA has health coverage, with 33.8% on employee plans, 6.19% on Medicaid, 31.6% on Medicare, 16.9% on non-group plans, and 2.03% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Highland County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Highland County, VA see 0 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (0 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1108 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 443 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

0 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Highland County, VA see an average of 0 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (0 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Highland County, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.44%

Uninsured

33.8%

Employer Coverage

6.19%

Medicaid

31.6%

Medicare

16.9%

Non-Group

2.03%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Highland County, VA declined by 37.5% from 15.1% to 9.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Highland County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Highland County, VA is home to a population of 2.21k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.452% of Highland County, VA residents were born outside of the country (10 people).

In 2017, there were 314 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.2k people) in Highland County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 6 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

60

Median Native-Born Age

± 2

70

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Highland County, VA was 60.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 60, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 70. But people in Highland County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Highland County, VA residents was 60.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.452%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10 people

0.314%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7 people

As of 2017, 0.452% of Highland County, VA residents (10 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Highland County, VA was 0.314%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Highland County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

100%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Highland County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Highland County, VA was 100%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been maintaining.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Highland County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Highland County, VA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    2.2k ± 17

  2. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    7 ± 16.3

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)

    6 ± 11

In 2017, there were 314 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.2k people) in Highland County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 6 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Highland County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    124 ± 55

  2. Korea

    45 ± 30

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    33 ± 23

Highland County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.76 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Highland County, VA was $184,000 in 2017, which is 0.801 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $160,800 to $184,000, a 14.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Highland County, VA is 85.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Highland County, VA have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Highland County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$184,000

2017 Median

± $35,375

$160,800

2016 Median

± $36,045

In 2017, the median property value in Highland County, VA grew to to $184,000 from the previous year's value of $160,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Highland County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Highland County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,094

Median Household Income

± $4,452

1.16k

Number of Households

± 168

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.16k households in Highland County, VA grew to $45,094 from the previous year's value of $44,877.

The following chart displays the households in Highland County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Highland County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Highland County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

85.5%

2017 Homeownership

85.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 85.5% of the housing units in Highland County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 85.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Highland County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Highland County, VA have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.85% of the workforce in Highland County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Highland County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.7%

  2. Walked

    12.8%

  3. Carpooled

    10.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Highland County, VA was Drove Alone (72.7%), followed by those who Walked (12.8%) and those who Carpooled (10.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Highland County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Highland County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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