Hennepin County, MN

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Population

1.25M

1.59% growth

Median Age

36.5


Median Household Income

$74,592

4.76% growth

Poverty Rate

11.5%


Number of Employees

701,459

2.91% growth

Median Property Value

$274,900

6.67% growth

About

In 2017, Hennepin County, MN had a population of 1.25M people with a median age of 36.5 and a median household income of $74,592. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hennepin County, MN grew from 1.23M to 1.25M, a 1.59% increase and its median household income grew from $71,200 to $74,592, a 4.76% increase.

The population of Hennepin County, MN is 68.7% White Alone, 13.3% Black or African American Alone, and 7.2% Asian Alone. 18.7% of the people in Hennepin County, MN speak a non-English language, and 93.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hennepin County, MN are University of Minnesota-Twin Cities (14,023 degrees awarded in 2016), Walden University (12,540 degrees), and Capella University (8,025 degrees).

The median property value in Hennepin County, MN is $274,900, and the homeownership rate is 62.6%. Most people in Hennepin County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Hennepin County, MN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: From the Endless Bridge at the Guthrie in Downtown East, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Economy

The economy of Hennepin County, MN employs 701k people. The largest industries in Hennepin County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (107,538 people), Manufacturing (81,283 people), and Retail Trade (73,592 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($118,183), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($81,250), and Finance & Insurance ($73,508).

Median household income in Hennepin County, MN is $74,592. Males in Hennepin County, MN have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,055. The income inequality in Hennepin County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$74,592

2017 value

± $1,454

4.76%

1 Year Growth

± 2.56%

Households in Hennepin County, MN have a median annual income of $74,592, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,200 in 2016, which represents a 4.76% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hennepin County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$71,464

Average Male Salary

± $1,636

$54,055

Average Female Salary

± $1,216

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,108 ± $4,838

  2. White

    $55,058 ± $978

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,227 ± $36,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hennepin County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.28% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 236

  2. Census Tract 239.02

  3. Census Tract 260.22

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hennepin County, MN was Census Tract 236 with a value of $235,556, followed by Census Tract 239.02 and Census Tract 260.22, with respective values of $186,042 and $162,917.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hennepin County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hennepin County, MN (138k out of 1.2M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    61,307 ± 1,623

  2. Black

    49,936 ± 1,568

  3. Hispanic

    16,306 ± 933

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hennepin County, MN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

701k

2017 Value

± 12,667

2.91%

1 Year growth

± 2.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hennepin County, MN grew at a rate of 2.91%, from 682k employees to 701k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hennepin County, MN, are Management Occupations (89,720 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (82,923 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (73,041 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hennepin County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hennepin County, MN, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (89,720 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (82,923 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (73,041 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hennepin County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.74 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.59 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.53 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hennepin County, MN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($113,824), Management Occupations ($86,480), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,513).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

701k

2017 Value

± 12,667

2.91%

1 Year growth

± 2.47%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hennepin County, MN grew at a rate of 2.91%, from 682k employees to 701k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hennepin County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (107,538 people), Manufacturing (81,283 people), and Retail Trade (73,592 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hennepin County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Hennepin County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hennepin County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (107,538 people), Manufacturing (81,283 people), and Retail Trade (73,592 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hennepin County, MN has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.35 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.66 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hennepin County, MN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($118,183), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($81,250), and Finance & Insurance ($73,508).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.3% of the population of Hennepin County, MN has health coverage, with 58.6% on employee plans, 14.8% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 10.8% on non-group plans, and 0.794% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hennepin County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Hennepin County, MN see 846 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.28% decrease from the previous year (857 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1061 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 300 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

846 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hennepin County, MN see an average of 846 patients per year. This represents a 1.28% decrease from the previous year (857 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hennepin County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.74%

Uninsured

58.6%

Employer Coverage

14.8%

Medicaid

10.3%

Medicare

10.8%

Non-Group

0.794%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hennepin County, MN grew by 10.9% from 4.28% to 4.74%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hennepin County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hennepin County, MN is home to a population of 1.25M people, from which 93.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.6% of Hennepin County, MN residents were born outside of the country (170k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hennepin County, MN is composed of 861k White Alone residents (68.7%), 166k Black or African American Alone residents (13.3%), 90.2k Asian Alone residents (7.2%), 87.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.96%), 37.7k Two or More Races residents (3.01%), 7.79k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.622%), 2.27k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.182%), and 265 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0212%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hennepin County, MN are Spanish (69,853 speakers), Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (41,285 speakers), and Hmong (19,842 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hennepin County, MN was 36.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Hennepin County, MN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hennepin County, MN residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

170k people

13.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

163k people

As of 2017, 13.6% of Hennepin County, MN residents (170k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hennepin County, MN was 13.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hennepin County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    61,530 ± 6,056 people

  2. Somalia

    39,194 ± 4,843 people

  3. India

    31,358 ± 4,335 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 61,530 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 39,194 and India with 31,358.

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Citizenship

93.3%

2017 Citizenship

92.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.3% of Hennepin County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hennepin County, MN was 92.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hennepin County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    861k ± 1.24k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    166k ± 3.12k

  3. Asian Alone

    90.2k ± 2.43k

In 2017, there were 5.18 times more White Alone residents (861k people) in Hennepin County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 166k Black or African American Alone and 90.2k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hennepin County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    69,853 speakers (5.97%)

  2. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages

    41,285 speakers (3.53%)

  3. Hmong

    19,842 speakers (1.7%)

18.7% of Hennepin County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Hennepin County, MN was Spanish. 5.97% of the overall population of Hennepin County, MN are native Spanish speakers. 3.53% speak Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages and 1.7% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    19,452 ± 1,700

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,844 ± 1,358

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,762 ± 1,368

Hennepin County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hennepin County, MN awarded 45,013 degrees. The student population of Hennepin County, MN is skewed towards women, with 64,647 male students and 118,542 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hennepin County, MN are White (25,395 and 59.9%), followed by Black or African American (8,026 and 18.9%), Unknown (2,898 and 6.84%), and Asian (2,417 and 5.7%).

The largest universities in Hennepin County, MN by number of degrees awarded are University of Minnesota-Twin Cities (14,023 and 31.2%), Walden University (12,540 and 27.9%), and Capella University (8,025 and 17.8%).

The most popular majors in Hennepin County, MN are Registered Nursing (4,699 and 10.4%), General Business Administration & Management (2,943 and 6.54%), and General Education (2,311 and 5.13%).

The median tuition costs in Hennepin County, MN are $18,946 for private four year colleges, and $12,546 and $22,210 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,987 degrees awarded

  2. 1,809 degrees awarded

  3. 1,356 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Hennepin County, MN was Registered Nursing with 2,987 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Hennepin County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 14,023 degrees awarded

  2. 12,540 degrees awarded

  3. 8,025 degrees awarded

$12,546

Median In-State Public

$18,946

Median Private

In 2016, the Hennepin County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Minnesota-Twin Cities with 14,023 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

15,445

Degrees Awarded to Men

29,568

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 15,445 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hennepin County, MN, which is 0.522 times less than the 29,568 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hennepin County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    25,395 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    8,026 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    2,898 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hennepin County, MN were to White students. These 25,395 degrees mean that there were 3.16 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 8,026 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hennepin County, MN was $274,900 in 2017, which is 1.26 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $257,700 to $274,900, a 6.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Hennepin County, MN is 62.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hennepin County, MN have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hennepin County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$74,592

Median Household Income

± $1,454

508k

Number of Households

± 10,071

In 2017, the median household income of the 508k households in Hennepin County, MN grew to $74,592 from the previous year's value of $71,200.

The following chart displays the households in Hennepin County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$274,900

2017 Median

± $3,824

$257,700

2016 Median

± $4,170

In 2017, the median property value in Hennepin County, MN grew to to $274,900 from the previous year's value of $257,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hennepin County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hennepin County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hennepin County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hennepin County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.6%

2017 Homeownership

61.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.6% of the housing units in Hennepin County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hennepin County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hennepin County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hennepin County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hennepin County, MN have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.12% of the workforce in Hennepin County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hennepin County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.8%

  2. Carpooled

    7.51%

  3. Public Transit

    7.38%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hennepin County, MN was Drove Alone (72.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.51%) and those who Public Transit (7.38%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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