Hand County, SD

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Population

3,303

0.242% decline

Median Age

47.4


Median Household Income

$50,720

2.96% decline

Poverty Rate

8.16%


Number of Employees

1,697

0.934% decline

Median Property Value

$115,100

19.9% growth

About

In 2017, Hand County, SD had a population of 3.3k people with a median age of 47.4 and a median household income of $50,720. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hand County, SD declined from 3,311 to 3,303, a -0.242% decrease and its median household income declined from $52,266 to $50,720, a -2.96% decrease.

The population of Hand County, SD is 97.9% White Alone, 1.12% Two or More Races, and 0.727% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Hand County, SD speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Hand County, SD is $115,100, and the homeownership rate is 69.5%. Most people in Hand County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 11.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Hand County, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Hand County, SD employs 1.7k people. The largest industries in Hand County, SD are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (452 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (235 people), and Retail Trade (137 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,818), Finance & Insurance ($66,818), and Utilities ($62,813).

Median household income in Hand County, SD is $50,720. Males in Hand County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Hand County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,720

2017 value

± $3,525

-2.96%

1 Year Growth

± 11.8%

Households in Hand County, SD have a median annual income of $50,720, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,266 in 2016, which represents a -2.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hand County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hand County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9756

  2. Census Tract 9757

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hand County, SD was Census Tract 9756 with a value of $52,200, followed by Census Tract 9757 and N/A, with respective values of $48,958 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hand County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 75+

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.16% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hand County, SD (264 out of 3.24k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Males 75+ and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    261 ± 56

  2. Hispanic

    19 ± 46

  3. Two Or More

    3 ± 44

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hand County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.7k

2017 Value

± 149

-0.934%

1 Year decline

± 12.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hand County, SD declined at a rate of -0.934%, from 1.71k employees to 1.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hand County, SD, are Management Occupations (363 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (186 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (163 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hand County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hand County, SD, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (363 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (186 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (163 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hand County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (12 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.52 times), and Management Occupations (2.1 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hand County, SD, by median earnings, are Sales & Related Occupations ($63,958), Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($54,375), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($48,125).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.7k

2017 Value

± 149

-0.934%

1 Year decline

± 12.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hand County, SD declined at a rate of -0.934%, from 1.71k employees to 1.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hand County, SD, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (452 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (235 people), and Retail Trade (137 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hand County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Hand County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hand County, SD, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (452 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (235 people), and Retail Trade (137 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hand County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (22.5 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.69 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hand County, SD, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,818), Finance & Insurance ($66,818), and Utilities ($62,813).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.8B

  2. $4.58B

  3. $4.53B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.8B, followed by Live animals/fish ($4.58B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.53B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$66.6B

2020 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

38.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Dakota trade was $66.6B. This is expected to increase 38.4% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $8.77B

  2. $2.47B

  3. $2.17B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $8.77B, followed by Iowa with $2.47B and Nebraska and $2.17B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.4% of the population of Hand County, SD has health coverage, with 40.9% on employee plans, 4% on Medicaid, 18% on Medicare, 31% on non-group plans, and 1.48% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hand County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Hand County, SD see 1674 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% increase from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3319 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,674 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hand County, SD see an average of 1,674 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% increase from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hand County, SD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.62%

Uninsured

40.9%

Employer Coverage

4%

Medicaid

18%

Medicare

31%

Non-Group

1.48%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hand County, SD declined by 25.9% from 6.23% to 4.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hand County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hand County, SD is home to a population of 3.3k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.151% of Hand County, SD residents were born outside of the country (5 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hand County, SD is composed of 3.23k White Alone residents (97.9%), 37 Two or More Races residents (1.12%), 24 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.727%), 7 Asian Alone residents (0.212%), 1 Black or African American Alone residents (0.0303%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hand County, SD was 47.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Hand County, SD are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Hand County, SD residents was 48.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.151%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5 people

0.211%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7 people

As of 2017, 0.151% of Hand County, SD residents (5 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hand County, SD was 0.211%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hand County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

100%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Hand County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hand County, SD was 100%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been maintaining.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hand County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    3.23k ± 90

  2. Two or More Races

    37 ± 28.5

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    24 ± 36

In 2017, there were 87.4 times more White Alone residents (3.23k people) in Hand County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37 Two or More Races and 24 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hand County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Korea

    58 ± 29

  2. Vietnam

    43 ± 23

  3. World War II

    37 ± 29

Hand County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Korea, 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hand County, SD was $115,100 in 2017, which is 0.501 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $96,000 to $115,100, a 19.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Hand County, SD is 69.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hand County, SD have an average commute time of 11.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hand County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$115,100

2017 Median

± $13,022

$96,000

2016 Median

± $12,426

In 2017, the median property value in Hand County, SD grew to to $115,100 from the previous year's value of $96,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hand County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hand County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,720

Median Household Income

± $3,525

1.5k

Number of Households

± 137

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.5k households in Hand County, SD declined from $50,720 from the previous year's value of $52,266.

The following chart displays the households in Hand County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hand County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hand County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.5%

2017 Homeownership

70.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.5% of the housing units in Hand County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hand County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

11.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hand County, SD have a shorter commute time (11.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.347% of the workforce in Hand County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hand County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.8%

  2. Worked At Home

    13.1%

  3. Carpooled

    5.72%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hand County, SD was Drove Alone (74.8%), followed by those who Worked At Home (13.1%) and those who Carpooled (5.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hand County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hand County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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