Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN

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Population

111,413

0.684% decline

Poverty Rate

25.1%


Median Age

33.4


Median Household Income

$41,088

6.76% growth

Number of Employees

43,637

0.449% growth

Median Property Value

$86,500

0.465% growth

About

In 2017, Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN had a population of 111k people with a median age of 33.4 and a median household income of $41,088. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN declined from 112,180 to 111,413, a -0.684% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,488 to $41,088, a 6.76% increase.

The population of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is 41.9% Hispanic or Latino, 31.7% White Alone, and 24% Black or African American Alone. 30.4% of the people in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN speak a non-English language, and 92.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are Purdue University Northwest (2,475 degrees awarded in 2017), Calumet College of Saint Joseph (310 degrees), and Brightwood College-Hammond (231 degrees).

The median property value in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is $86,500, and the homeownership rate is 55.8%. Most people in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Indiana.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Indiana compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Indiana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Indiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN employs 43.6k people. The largest industries in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are Restaurants & Food Services (3,594 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,613 people), and Construction (2,206 people), and the highest paying industries are Petroleum refining ($90,608), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($86,911), and Structural metals, & boiler, tank, & shipping container manufacturing ($77,767).

Median household income in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is $41,088. Males in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $34,848. The income inequality in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.41, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,088

2017 value

± $1,259

6.76%

1 Year Growth

± 4.48%

Households in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN have a median annual income of $41,088, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,488 in 2016, which represents a 6.76% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$45,308

Average Male Salary

± $5,924

$34,848

Average Female Salary

± $5,243

In 2017, full-time male employees in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $46,808 ± $55,732

  2. White

    $38,145 ± $5,780

  3. Other

    $32,250 ± $5,786

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.41

2017 Wage GINI

0.399

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was 0.41 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.85% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was Carmel City & Fishers Town (West) PUMA, IN with a value of $109,524, followed by Noblesville City & Fishers Town (East) PUMA, IN and Boone & Hamilton (Northwest) Counties PUMA, IN, with respective values of $92,933 and $84,319.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN (27.7k out of 110k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    11,696 ± 804

  2. Black

    10,120 ± 603

  3. White

    8,417 ± 594

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is Hispanic, followed by Black and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

43.6k

2017 Value

0.449%

1 Year growth

± 0.449%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN grew at a rate of 0.449%, from 43.4k employees to 43.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, are Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,551 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,386 people), and Cashiers (1,308 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, by number of employees, are Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,551 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,386 people), and Cashiers (1,308 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, & casters (18.2 times higher than expected), Crane & tower operators (12.4 times), and Model makers, patternmakers, & molding machine setters, metal & plastic (11.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, by average salary, are Software developers, applications & systems software ($89,900), Machinists ($75,162), and Locomotive engineers & operators ($74,421).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

43.6k

2017 Value

0.449%

1 Year growth

± 0.449%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN grew at a rate of 0.449%, from 43.4k employees to 43.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,594 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,613 people), and Construction (2,206 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, though some of these residents may live in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,594 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,613 people), and Construction (2,206 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN has an unusually high number of Iron & steel mills & steel product manufacturing (20.1 times higher than expected), Petroleum refining (6.89 times), and Foundries (6.82 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, by average salary, are Petroleum refining ($90,608), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($86,911), and Structural metals, & boiler, tank, & shipping container manufacturing ($77,767).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $73.5B

  2. $45.8B

  3. $42.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $73.5B, followed by Base metals ($45.8B) and Mixed freight ($42.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$487B

2020 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

43.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Indiana trade was $487B. This is expected to increase 43.3% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.4B

  2. $36.8B

  3. $34.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $44.4B, followed by Michigan with $36.8B and Illinois and $34.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

82.8% of the population of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN has health coverage, with 38.6% on employee plans, 26.7% on Medicaid, 9.27% on Medicare, 7.44% on non-group plans, and 0.691% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

1,505 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.2%

Uninsured

38.6%

Employer Coverage

26.7%

Medicaid

9.27%

Medicare

7.44%

Non-Group

0.691%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 17.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is home to a population of 111k people, from which 92.8% are citizens. As of 2016, 12.2% of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN residents were born outside of the country (13.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is composed of 46.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (41.9%), 35.3k White Alone residents (31.7%), 26.8k Black or African American Alone residents (24%), 1.33k Two or More Races residents (1.19%), 1.02k Asian Alone residents (0.916%), 187 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.168%), 144 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.129%), and 9 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00808%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are Spanish (29,362 speakers), Arabic (312 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (280 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was 33.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.6k people

12.7%

2015 Foreign-Born Population

14.4k people

As of 2016, 12.2% of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN residents (13.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2015, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was 12.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    11,485 ± 2,492 people

  2. China

    282 ± 412 people

  3. Philippines

    239 ± 379 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was Mexico, the natal country of 11,485 Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN residents, followed by China with 282 and Philippines with 239.

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Citizenship

92.8%

2017 Citizenship

92.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.8% of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was 92.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    46.7k ± 2.09k

  2. White Alone

    35.3k ± 1.03k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    26.8k ± 1.04k

In 2017, there were 1.32 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (46.7k people) in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.3k White Alone and 26.8k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    29,362 speakers (28.4%)

  2. Arabic

    312 speakers (0.302%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    280 speakers (0.271%)

30.4% of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was Spanish. 28.4% of the overall population of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are native Spanish speakers. 0.302% speak Arabic and 0.271% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,726 ± 202

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    708 ± 171

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    599 ± 147

Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.44 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN awarded 3,016 degrees. The student population of Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is skewed towards women, with 5,610 male students and 7,593 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are White (1,705 and 61.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (465 and 16.8%), Black or African American (386 and 14%), and Asian (83 and 3%).

The largest universities in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN by number of degrees awarded are Purdue University Northwest (2,475 and 82.1%), Calumet College of Saint Joseph (310 and 10.3%), and Brightwood College-Hammond (231 and 7.66%).

The most popular majors in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are Registered Nursing (845 and 28%), General Business Administration & Management (249 and 8.26%), and Engineering & Industrial Management (131 and 4.34%).

The median tuition costs in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN are $17,650 for private four year colleges, and $6,419 and $15,381 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration with 96 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,475 degrees awarded

  2. 310 degrees awarded

  3. 231 degrees awarded

$6,419

Median In-State Public

$17,650

Median Private

In 2017, the Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Purdue University Northwest with 2,475 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,101

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,915

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,101 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN, which is 0.575 times less than the 1,915 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,705 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    465 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    386 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN were to White students. These 1,705 degrees mean that there were 3.67 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 465 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was $86,500 in 2017, which is 0.377 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,100 to $86,500, a 0.465% increase. The homeownership rate in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is 55.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN have an average commute time of 25.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$86,500

2017 Median

± $1,344

$86,100

2016 Median

± $1,366

In 2017, the median property value in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN grew to to $86,500 from the previous year's value of $86,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,088

Median Household Income

± $1,259

40.4k

Number of Households

± 1,191

In 2017, the median household income of the 40.4k households in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN grew to $41,088 from the previous year's value of $38,488.

The following chart displays the households in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.8%

2017 Homeownership

56.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.8% of the housing units in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 56.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN have a longer commute time (25.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.3% of the workforce in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.2%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Public Transit

    3.01%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN was Drove Alone (81.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Public Transit (3.01%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hammond & East Chicago Cities PUMA, IN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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