Guilford County, NC

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Population

533,670

1.27% growth

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Median Age

37


Median Household Income

$51,803

0.566% decline

Number of Employees

253,968

1.32% decline

Median Property Value

$170,300

3.53% growth

About

In 2018, Guilford County, NC had a population of 534k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $51,803. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Guilford County, NC grew from 526,953 to 533,670, a 1.27% increase and its median household income declined from $52,098 to $51,803, a -0.566% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Guilford County, NC are White (Non-Hispanic) (49.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (33.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.06%), White (Hispanic) (4.88%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (2.68%). N/A% of the people in Guilford County, NC speak a non-English language, and 94% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Guilford County, NC are University of North Carolina at Greensboro (4,304 degrees awarded in 2017), Guilford Technical Community College (2,485 degrees), and North Carolina A & T State University (1,982 degrees).

The median property value in Guilford County, NC is $170,300, and the homeownership rate is 57.3%. Most people in Guilford County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Guilford County, NC is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for North Carolina. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in North Carolina, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for North Carolina. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Carolina across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Guilford County, NC employs 254k people. The largest industries in Guilford County, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,249 people), Manufacturing (33,614 people), and Retail Trade (28,427 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($52,220), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,177), and Information ($48,805).

Median household income in Guilford County, NC is $51,803. Males in Guilford County, NC have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,552. The income inequality in Guilford County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,803

2018 value

± $1,793

-0.566%

1 Year Growth

± 4.68%

Households in Guilford County, NC have a median annual income of $51,803, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,098 in 2017, which represents a -0.566% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Guilford County, NC compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,551

Average Male Salary

± $1,091

$47,552

Average Female Salary

± $846

In 2018, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,551 ± $4,420

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,592 ± $28,568

  3. White

    $52,871 ± $810

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Guilford County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.47

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.556% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 104.04

  2. Census Tract 125.10

  3. Census Tract 157.06

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Guilford County, NC was Census Tract 104.04 with a value of $170,625, followed by Census Tract 125.10 and Census Tract 157.06, with respective values of $127,500 and $109,500.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Guilford County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Guilford County, NC (84k out of 501k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    42,856 ± 1,617

  2. White

    29,221 ± 1,248

  3. Hispanic

    11,666 ± 785

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Guilford County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

254k

2018 Value

± 8,994

-1.32%

1 Year decline

± 5.07%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Guilford County, NC declined at a rate of -1.32%, from 257k employees to 254k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Guilford County, NC, are Management Occupations (28,646 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (27,132 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (26,397 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Guilford County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Guilford County, NC, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (28,646 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (27,132 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (26,397 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Guilford County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.42 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.26 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Guilford County, NC, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($101,008), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,311), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,482).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

254k

2018 Value

± 8,994

-1.32%

1 Year decline

± 5.07%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Guilford County, NC declined at a rate of -1.32%, from 257k employees to 254k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Guilford County, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,249 people), Manufacturing (33,614 people), and Retail Trade (28,427 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Guilford County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Guilford County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Guilford County, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,249 people), Manufacturing (33,614 people), and Retail Trade (28,427 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Guilford County, NC has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.78 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.36 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Guilford County, NC, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($52,220), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,177), and Information ($48,805).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $54.9B

  2. $41.2B

  3. $40B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $54.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($41.2B) and Machinery ($40B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$443B

2020 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

42.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Carolina trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 42.7% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.4B

  2. $28.1B

  3. $28B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $28.4B, followed by Virginia with $28.1B and Georgia and $28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.7% of the population of Guilford County, NC has health coverage, with 49.1% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 1.48% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Guilford County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Guilford County, NC see 1241 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.35% decrease from the previous year (1284 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1804 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 403 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,241 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Guilford County, NC see an average of 1,241 patients per year. This represents a 3.35% decrease from the previous year (1,284 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Guilford County, NC in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.34%

Uninsured

49.1%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

12.5%

Medicare

12.4%

Non-Group

1.48%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Guilford County, NC grew by 4.93% from 8.9% to 9.34%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Guilford County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Guilford County, NC is home to a population of 534k people, from which 94% are citizens. As of 2017, 10% of Guilford County, NC residents were born outside of the country (52.8k people).

In 2018, there were 1.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (265k people) in Guilford County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 179k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 27k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Guilford County, NC was 37. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Guilford County, NC are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Guilford County, NC residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

52.8k people

9.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

52k people

As of 2017, 10% of Guilford County, NC residents (52.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Guilford County, NC was 9.97%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Guilford County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    229,977 ± 11,643 people

  2. India

    71,606 ± 6,547 people

  3. Honduras

    31,466 ± 4,348 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 229,977 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,606 and Honduras with 31,466.

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Citizenship

94%

2018 Citizenship

94.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94% of Guilford County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Guilford County, NC was 94.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Guilford County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Guilford County, NC

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    265k ± 483

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    179k ± 3.31k

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    27k ± 1.38k

In 2018, there were 1.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (265k people) in Guilford County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 179k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 27k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Guilford County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,813 ± 1,265

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,342 ± 1,423

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,343 ± 1,326

Guilford County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Guilford County, NC awarded 11,161 degrees. The student population of Guilford County, NC is skewed towards women, with 19,672 male students and 32,060 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Guilford County, NC are White (5,495 and 51.3%), followed by Black or African American (3,659 and 34.2%), Hispanic or Latino (615 and 5.74%), and Two or More Races (312 and 2.91%).

The largest universities in Guilford County, NC by number of degrees awarded are University of North Carolina at Greensboro (4,304 and 38.6%), Guilford Technical Community College (2,485 and 22.3%), and North Carolina A & T State University (1,982 and 17.8%).

The most popular majors in Guilford County, NC are General Business Administration & Management (914 and 8.19%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (711 and 6.37%), and General Psychology (418 and 3.75%).

The median tuition costs in Guilford County, NC are $28,440 for private four year colleges, and $3,981 and $18,006 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 333 degrees awarded

  2. 729 degrees awarded

  3. 403 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Guilford County, NC was General Biological Sciences with 333 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Guilford County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,304 degrees awarded

  2. 2,485 degrees awarded

  3. 1,982 degrees awarded

$3,981

Median In-State Public

$28,440

Median Private

In 2017, the Guilford County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Carolina at Greensboro with 4,304 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,090

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,071

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,090 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Guilford County, NC, which is 0.578 times less than the 7,071 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Guilford County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,495 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,659 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    615 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Guilford County, NC were to White students. These 5,495 degrees mean that there were 1.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,659 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Guilford County, NC was $170,300 in 2018, which is 0.741 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $164,500 to $170,300, a 3.53% increase. The homeownership rate in Guilford County, NC is 57.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Guilford County, NC have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Guilford County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$170,300

2018 Median

± $5,412

$164,500

2017 Median

± $4,134

In 2018, the median property value in Guilford County, NC grew to to $170,300 from the previous year's value of $164,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Guilford County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Guilford County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,803

Median Household Income

± $1,793

210k

Number of Households

± 7,858

In 2018, the median household income of the 210k households in Guilford County, NC declined from $51,803 from the previous year's value of $52,098.

The following chart displays the households in Guilford County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Guilford County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Guilford County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

57.3%

2018 Homeownership

58.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 57.3% of the housing units in Guilford County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Guilford County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Guilford County, NC have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.29% of the workforce in Guilford County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Guilford County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.24%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.19%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Guilford County, NC was Drove Alone (83.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.24%) and those who Worked At Home (5.19%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Guilford County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Guilford County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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