Gilmer County, WV

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Population

8,305

2.26% decline

Median Age

38


Median Household Income

$37,175

0.298% decline

Poverty Rate

25%


Number of Employees

2,526

6.31% decline

Median Property Value

$91,600

8.4% growth

About

In 2017, Gilmer County, WV had a population of 8.31k people with a median age of 38 and a median household income of $37,175. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gilmer County, WV declined from 8,497 to 8,305, a -2.26% decrease and its median household income declined from $37,286 to $37,175, a -0.298% decrease.

The population of Gilmer County, WV is 80.8% White Alone, 10.8% Black or African American Alone, and 4.14% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Gilmer County, WV speak a non-English language, and 97.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gilmer County, WV are Glenville State College (247 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Gilmer County, WV is $91,600, and the homeownership rate is 74.3%. Most people in Gilmer County, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Gilmer County, WV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Economy

The economy of Gilmer County, WV employs 2.53k people. The largest industries in Gilmer County, WV are Educational Services (555 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (318 people), and Retail Trade (240 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,577), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,750).

Median household income in Gilmer County, WV is $37,175. Males in Gilmer County, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Gilmer County, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,175

2017 value

± $6,191

-0.298%

1 Year Growth

± 20%

Households in Gilmer County, WV have a median annual income of $37,175, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,286 in 2016, which represents a -0.298% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gilmer County, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in West Virginia made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of West Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gilmer County, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9677

  2. Census Tract 9678

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gilmer County, WV was Census Tract 9677 with a value of $40,048, followed by Census Tract 9678 and N/A, with respective values of $29,412 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Gilmer County, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gilmer County, WV (1.66k out of 6.62k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,499 ± 214

  2. Black

    131 ± 142

  3. Two Or More

    26 ± 85

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gilmer County, WV is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.53k

2017 Value

± 286

-6.31%

1 Year decline

± 16.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gilmer County, WV declined at a rate of -6.31%, from 2.7k employees to 2.53k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gilmer County, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (443 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (247 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (224 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gilmer County, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gilmer County, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (443 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (247 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (224 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gilmer County, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.46 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (2.1 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.78 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gilmer County, WV, by median earnings, are Construction & Extraction Occupations ($66,154), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,806), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,833).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.53k

2017 Value

± 286

-6.31%

1 Year decline

± 16.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gilmer County, WV declined at a rate of -6.31%, from 2.7k employees to 2.53k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gilmer County, WV, are Educational Services (555 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (318 people), and Retail Trade (240 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gilmer County, WV, though some of these residents may live in Gilmer County, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gilmer County, WV, by number of employees, are Educational Services (555 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (318 people), and Retail Trade (240 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gilmer County, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (15.8 times higher than expected), Utilities (3.2 times), and Educational Services (2.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gilmer County, WV, by median earnings, are Utilities ($71,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,577), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.4B

  2. $7.3B

  3. $6.62B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $17.4B, followed by Coal ($7.3B) and Pharmaceuticals ($6.62B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$68B

2015 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

27.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound West Virginia trade was $68B. This is expected to increase 27.7% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.5B

  2. $6.95B

  3. $6.94B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $10.5B, followed by Ohio with $6.95B and Virginia and $6.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89% of the population of Gilmer County, WV has health coverage, with 41.2% on employee plans, 22.6% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 7.44% on non-group plans, and 2.76% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Gilmer County, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Gilmer County, WV see 2130 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% decrease from the previous year (2154 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 8249 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 8249 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,130 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Gilmer County, WV see an average of 2,130 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% decrease from the previous year (2,154 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Gilmer County, WV in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11%

Uninsured

41.2%

Employer Coverage

22.6%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

7.44%

Non-Group

2.76%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gilmer County, WV declined by 7.94% from 11.9% to 11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gilmer County, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gilmer County, WV is home to a population of 8.31k people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.66% of Gilmer County, WV residents were born outside of the country (221 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gilmer County, WV is composed of 6.71k White Alone residents (80.8%), 901 Black or African American Alone residents (10.8%), 344 Hispanic or Latino residents (4.14%), 303 Two or More Races residents (3.65%), 34 Asian Alone residents (0.409%), 12 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.144%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gilmer County, WV are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gilmer County, WV was 38. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Gilmer County, WV are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gilmer County, WV residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.66%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

221 people

2.58%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

219 people

As of 2017, 2.66% of Gilmer County, WV residents (221 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gilmer County, WV was 2.58%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gilmer County, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Virginia was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 West Virginia residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

97.7%

2017 Citizenship

97.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.7% of Gilmer County, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gilmer County, WV was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gilmer County, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    6.71k ± 16

  2. Black or African American Alone

    901 ± 142

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    344 ± 126

In 2017, there were 7.45 times more White Alone residents (6.71k people) in Gilmer County, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 901 Black or African American Alone and 344 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gilmer County, WV as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gilmer County, WV citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gilmer County, WV was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gilmer County, WV are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    203 ± 67

  2. Korea

    48 ± 42

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    47 ± 40

Gilmer County, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gilmer County, WV awarded 247 degrees. The student population of Gilmer County, WV is skewed towards men, with 952 male students and 689 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gilmer County, WV are White (184 and 74.5%), followed by Black or African American (42 and 17%), Unknown (16 and 6.48%), and Hispanic or Latino (2 and 0.81%).

The largest universities in Gilmer County, WV by number of degrees awarded are Glenville State College (247 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Gilmer County, WV are General Business (30 and 12.1%), Other Natural Resource Management & Policy (27 and 10.9%), and General Business Administration & Management (24 and 9.72%).

The median tuition costs in Gilmer County, WV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,592 and $13,152 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gilmer County, WV was Other Natural Resource Management & Policy with 27 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gilmer County, WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

247 degrees awarded

$5,592

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Gilmer County, WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Glenville State College with 247 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

145

Degrees Awarded to Men

102

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 145 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gilmer County, WV, which is 1.42 times more than the 102 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gilmer County, WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    184 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    42 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    16 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gilmer County, WV were to White students. These 184 degrees mean that there were 4.38 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 42 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gilmer County, WV was $91,600 in 2017, which is 0.421 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $84,500 to $91,600, a 8.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Gilmer County, WV is 74.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gilmer County, WV have an average commute time of 28.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gilmer County, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,175

Median Household Income

± $6,191

2.7k

Number of Households

± 276

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.7k households in Gilmer County, WV declined from $37,175 from the previous year's value of $37,286.

The following chart displays the households in Gilmer County, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$91,600

2017 Median

± $15,627

$84,500

2016 Median

± $12,211

In 2017, the median property value in Gilmer County, WV grew to to $91,600 from the previous year's value of $84,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gilmer County, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gilmer County, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gilmer County, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gilmer County, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.3%

2017 Homeownership

75.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.3% of the housing units in Gilmer County, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gilmer County, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gilmer County, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gilmer County, WV have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

28.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gilmer County, WV have a longer commute time (28.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 6.18% of the workforce in Gilmer County, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gilmer County, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.9%

  2. Worked At Home

    9.2%

  3. Carpooled

    8.72%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gilmer County, WV was Drove Alone (75.9%), followed by those who Worked At Home (9.2%) and those who Carpooled (8.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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