Gem County, ID

County

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Population
17,052
1.2% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mike Crapo
Republican Party
US Senator
Jim Risch
Republican Party
Median Age
45.1

Poverty Rate
18.3%

Median Household Income
$43,001
0.263% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$159,300
7.06% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
6,654
3.13% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Gem County, ID had a population of 17.1k people with a median age of 45.1 and a median household income of $43,001. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Gem County, ID grew from 16,850 to 17,052, a 1.2% increase and its median household income grew from $42,888 to $43,001, a 0.263% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gem County, ID are White (Non-Hispanic) (87.9%), Other (Hispanic) (4.73%), White (Hispanic) (2.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.68%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.45%). NaNk% of the people in Gem County, ID speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Gem County, ID is $159,300, and the homeownership rate is 73.5%. Most people in Gem County, ID commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Gem County, ID is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Idaho. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Idaho, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Idaho (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Idaho across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Idaho went to Donald J. Trump with 75.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (15.5%), followed by Other (9.37%). The most partisan county was Idaho County, ID with 78.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch are the senators currently representing the state of Idaho. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Gem County, ID is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Idaho.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Idaho
75.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Idaho
  1. 78.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 77.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 75.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Idaho was Idaho County, ID with 78.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Idaho colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Idaho

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
Mike Crapo
Senator from Idaho3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Jim Risch
Senator from Idaho2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch are the senators currently representing Idaho.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Idaho over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Idaho

Idaho is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Gem County, ID have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Gem County, ID is home to a population of 17.1k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2018, 3.01% of Gem County, ID residents were born outside of the country (514 people).

In 2018, there were 18.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (15k people) in Gem County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 807 Other (Hispanic) and 375 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gem County, ID
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    15k ± 19
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    807 ± 324
  3. White (Hispanic)
    375 ± 282
8.32%
Hispanic Population
1.42k people

In 2018, there were 18.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (15k people) in Gem County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 807 Other (Hispanic) and 375 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.32% of the people in Gem County, ID are hispanic (1.42k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gem County, ID as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.01%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
514 people
3.47%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
585 people

As of 2018, 3.01% of Gem County, ID residents (514 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gem County, ID was 3.47%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gem County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

45
Median Native-Born Age
± 1
46
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Gem County, ID was 45.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Gem County, ID are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Gem County, ID residents was 45.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    51,895 ± 5,505 people
  2. Canada
    4,756 ± 1,691 people
  3. China
    3,072 ± 1,360 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Idaho was Mexico, the natal country of 51,895 Idaho residents, followed by Canada with 4,756 and China with 3,072.

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Citizenship

97.8%
2018 Citizenship
97.2%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.8% of Gem County, ID residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Gem County, ID was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gem County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    862 ± 196
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    316 ± 120
  3. Korea
    181 ± 98

Gem County, ID has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.73 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Gem County, ID is $43,001. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Gem County, ID was Census Tract 9601 with a value of $50,313, followed by Census Tract 9603 and Census Tract 9602, with respective values of $41,828 and $38,775.

Males in Idaho have an average income that is 1.45 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,730. The income inequality in Idaho (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Gem County, ID employs 6.65k people. The largest industries in Gem County, ID are Retail Trade (966 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (918 people), and Construction (764 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($63,542), Public Administration ($37,663), and Transportation & Warehousing ($33,942).

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,001
2018 value
± $2,484
0.263%
1 Year Growth
± 9.75%

Households in Gem County, ID have a median annual income of $43,001, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,888 in 2017, which represents a 0.263% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Gem County, ID compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
$54,622
Average Male Salary in Idaho
± $2,243
$37,730
Average Female Salary in Idaho
± $1,625

In 2017, full-time male employees in Idaho made 1.45 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Idaho
  1. Asian
    $46,142 ± $12,002
  2. White
    $40,859 ± $1,365
  3. Black
    $35,264 ± $18,479

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Idaho workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Idaho.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gem County, ID is from Idaho.
0.464
2017 Wage GINI in Idaho
0.462
2016 Wage GINI in Idaho

In 2017, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.367% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9601
  2. Census Tract 9603
  3. Census Tract 9602

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gem County, ID was Census Tract 9601 with a value of $50,313, followed by Census Tract 9603 and Census Tract 9602, with respective values of $41,828 and $38,775.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Gem County, ID colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gem County, ID (3.09k out of 16.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,857 ± 386
  2. Hispanic
    358 ± 190
  3. Other
    113 ± 143

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gem County, ID is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.65k
2018 Value
± 614
3.13%
1 Year growth
± 12.8%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Gem County, ID grew at a rate of 3.13%, from 6.45k employees to 6.65k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gem County, ID, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (644 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (636 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (633 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gem County, ID.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gem County, ID, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (644 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (636 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (633 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gem County, ID has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.05 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.13 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.9 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gem County, ID, by median earnings, are Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations ($64,886), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,125), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,723).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.65k
2018 Value
± 614
3.13%
1 Year growth
± 12.8%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Gem County, ID grew at a rate of 3.13%, from 6.45k employees to 6.65k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gem County, ID, are Retail Trade (966 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (918 people), and Construction (764 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gem County, ID, though some of these residents may live in Gem County, ID and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gem County, ID, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (966 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (918 people), and Construction (764 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gem County, ID has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.77 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.82 times), and Construction (1.79 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gem County, ID, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($63,542), Public Administration ($37,663), and Transportation & Warehousing ($33,942).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $10.8B
  2. $4.28B
  3. $4.26B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $10.8B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($4.28B) and Electronics ($4.26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Idaho.
$55.1B
2015 Value in Idaho
$82.2B
Projected 2045 Value in Idaho
49.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Idaho trade was $55.1B. This is expected to increase 49.1% to $82.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $6.23B
  2. $3.13B
  3. $2.01B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $6.23B, followed by California with $3.13B and Utah and $2.01B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gem County, ID was $159,300 in 2018, which is 0.694 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $148,800 to $159,300, a 7.06% increase. The homeownership rate in Gem County, ID is 73.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gem County, ID have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gem County, ID is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$159,300
2018 Median
± $5,936
$148,800
2017 Median
± $8,558

In 2018, the median property value in Gem County, ID grew to to $159,300 from the previous year's value of $148,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gem County, ID compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gem County, ID the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,001
Median Household Income
± $2,484
6.58k
Number of Households
± 561

In 2018, the median household income of the 6.58k households in Gem County, ID grew to $43,001 from the previous year's value of $42,888.

The following chart displays the households in Gem County, ID distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gem County, ID distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gem County, ID the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.5%
2018 Homeownership
74.8%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 73.5% of the housing units in Gem County, ID were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gem County, ID compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gem County, ID have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.33% of the workforce in Gem County, ID have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gem County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    74.9%
  2. Carpooled
    14.9%
  3. Worked At Home
    7.07%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Gem County, ID was Drove Alone (74.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.9%) and those who Worked At Home (7.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gem County, ID distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gem County, ID have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

83% of the population of Gem County, ID has health coverage, with 33.5% on employee plans, 16.7% on Medicaid, 13.8% on Medicare, 15.8% on non-group plans, and 3.1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Idaho was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Gem County, ID see 1872 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.107% decrease from the previous year (1874 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1909 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1432 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.3%). Additionally, Minidoka County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,872 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Gem County, ID

Primary care physicians in Gem County, ID see an average of 1,872 patients per year. This represents a 0.107% decrease from the previous year (1,874 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Gem County, ID in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
$6,927
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Idaho
$3,560
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,069
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,737
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17%
Uninsured
33.5%
Employer Coverage
16.7%
Medicaid
13.8%
Medicare
15.8%
Non-Group
3.1%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gem County, ID declined by 1.7% from 17.3% to 17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gem County, ID changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 11.3% prevalence
  2. 11.1% prevalence
  3. 11.1% prevalence

Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 11.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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