Gainesville, GA

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Population

192,865

1.25% growth

Poverty Rate

16.1%


Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$55,622

7.17% growth

Number of Employees

90,062

4.43% growth

Median Property Value

$171,900

4.5% growth

About

In 2017, Gainesville, GA had a population of 193k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $55,622. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gainesville, GA grew from 190,482 to 192,865, a 1.25% increase and its median household income grew from $51,902 to $55,622, a 7.17% increase.

The population of Gainesville, GA is 61.6% White Alone, 27.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.28% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Gainesville, GA speak a non-English language, and 87.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, GA are Lanier Technical College (2,010 degrees awarded in 2017), Brenau University (883 degrees), and Lake Lanier School of Massage (102 degrees).

The median property value in Gainesville, GA is $171,900, and the homeownership rate is 67.5%. Most people in Gainesville, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, GA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Georgia.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Georgia compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Georgia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Georgia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Georgia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Gainesville, GA employs 90.1k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, GA are Manufacturing (18,382 people), Retail Trade (11,264 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (9,440 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,625), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,068), and Information ($45,139).

Median household income in Gainesville, GA is $55,622. Males in Gainesville, GA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Gainesville, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,622

2017 value

± $1,940

7.17%

1 Year Growth

± 3.84%

Households in Gainesville, GA have a median annual income of $55,622, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,902 in 2016, which represents a 7.17% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Gainesville, GA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$62,744

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$46,261

Average Female Salary

± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,486 ± $3,787

  2. White

    $53,819 ± $950

  3. Two or More Races

    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, GA is from Georgia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, GA was Forsyth County, GA with a value of $104,687, followed by Fayette County, GA and Cherokee County, GA, with respective values of $93,468 and $82,069.

The following map shows all of the counties in Gainesville, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, GA (30.6k out of 191k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    23,745 ± 1,189

  2. Hispanic

    14,557 ± 875

  3. Black

    3,358 ± 424

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, GA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

90.1k

2017 Value

± 2,148

4.43%

1 Year growth

± 3.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gainesville, GA grew at a rate of 4.43%, from 86.2k employees to 90.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, GA, are Production Occupations (12,526 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,916 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,800 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gainesville, GA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (12,526 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,916 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,800 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gainesville, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.4 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.63 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gainesville, GA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,533), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($71,406), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,558).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

90.1k

2017 Value

± 2,148

4.43%

1 Year growth

± 3.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gainesville, GA grew at a rate of 4.43%, from 86.2k employees to 90.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, GA, are Manufacturing (18,382 people), Retail Trade (11,264 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (9,440 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, GA, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gainesville, GA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (18,382 people), Retail Trade (11,264 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (9,440 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Gainesville, GA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.02 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.52 times), and Construction (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gainesville, GA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,625), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,068), and Information ($45,139).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $51.8B

  2. $36.9B

  3. $35.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $51.8B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($36.9B) and Electronics ($35.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$465B

2020 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

35.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Georgia trade was $465B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $42.1B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $22.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $42.1B, followed by South Carolina with $27.8B and North Carolina and $22.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

81.7% of the population of Gainesville, GA has health coverage, with 45% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 10.6% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.04% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Gainesville, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Gainesville, GA see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1526 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1984 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 829 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Georgia see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1,526 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Georgia in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

18.3%

Uninsured

45%

Employer Coverage

13.9%

Medicaid

10.6%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

1.04%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, GA declined by 5.6% from 19.4% to 18.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gainesville, GA is home to a population of 193k people, from which 87.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 16.5% of Gainesville, GA residents were born outside of the country (31.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gainesville, GA is composed of 119k White Alone residents (61.6%), 53.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (27.8%), 14.1k Black or African American Alone residents (7.28%), 3.3k Asian Alone residents (1.71%), 2.65k Two or More Races residents (1.37%), 325 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.169%), 154 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0798%), and 17 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00881%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gainesville, GA was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Gainesville, GA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gainesville, GA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

16.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

31.7k people

16.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

31.5k people

As of 2017, 16.5% of Gainesville, GA residents (31.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, GA was 16.5%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    264,376 ± 12,459 people

  2. India

    85,239 ± 7,138 people

  3. Korea

    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Georgia residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

87.6%

2017 Citizenship

87.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 87.6% of Gainesville, GA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, GA was 87.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    119k ± 115

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    53.6k ± 2.24k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    14.1k ± 367

In 2017, there were 2.21 times more White Alone residents (119k people) in Gainesville, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.6k Hispanic or Latino and 14.1k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gainesville, GA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,968 ± 399

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,139 ± 227

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,064 ± 219

Gainesville, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.48 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Gainesville, GA awarded 3,024 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, GA is skewed towards women, with 2,053 male students and 4,715 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, GA are White (1,997 and 66.9%), followed by Black or African American (526 and 17.6%), Hispanic or Latino (319 and 10.7%), and Asian (57 and 1.91%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, GA by number of degrees awarded are Lanier Technical College (2,010 and 66.5%), Brenau University (883 and 29.2%), and Lake Lanier School of Massage (102 and 3.37%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, GA are General Business Administration & Management (186 and 6.15%), Welding Technology (148 and 4.89%), and Medical Assistant (143 and 4.73%).

The median tuition costs in Gainesville, GA are $28,110 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 122 degrees awarded

  2. 102 degrees awarded

  3. 88 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Gainesville, GA was Welding Technology with 122 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Gainesville, GA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,010 degrees awarded

  2. 883 degrees awarded

  3. 102 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$28,110

Median Private

In 2017, the Gainesville, GA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lanier Technical College with 2,010 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,049

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,975

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,049 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, GA, which is 0.531 times less than the 1,975 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gainesville, GA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,997 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    526 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    319 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gainesville, GA were to White students. These 1,997 degrees mean that there were 3.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 526 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, GA was $171,900 in 2017, which is 0.748 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $164,500 to $171,900, a 4.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, GA is 67.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gainesville, GA have an average commute time of 25.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gainesville, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$171,900

2017 Median

± $2,729

$164,500

2016 Median

± $2,516

In 2017, the median property value in Gainesville, GA grew to to $171,900 from the previous year's value of $164,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gainesville, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,622

Median Household Income

± $1,940

63.1k

Number of Households

± 1,600

In 2017, the median household income of the 63.1k households in Gainesville, GA grew to $55,622 from the previous year's value of $51,902.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gainesville, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.5%

2017 Homeownership

65.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.5% of the housing units in Gainesville, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gainesville, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, GA have a longer commute time (25.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.91% of the workforce in Gainesville, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81%

  2. Carpooled

    11.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.03%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gainesville, GA was Drove Alone (81%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.4%) and those who Worked At Home (4.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, GA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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