Española, NM

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Population

39,455

1.17% decline

Poverty Rate

26.4%


Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$33,422

1.62% decline

Number of Employees

13,786

5.67% decline

Median Property Value

$167,100

5.03% growth

About

In 2017, Española, NM had a population of 39.5k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $33,422. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Española, NM declined from 39,924 to 39,455, a -1.17% decrease and its median household income declined from $33,972 to $33,422, a -1.62% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM are White (Hispanic) (43.1%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (24.5%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (14%), White (Non-Hispanic) (12.9%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (1.88%). N/A% of the people in Española, NM speak a non-English language, and 97.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Española, NM are Northern New Mexico College (173 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Española, NM is $167,100, and the homeownership rate is 76.6%. Most people in Española, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Española, NM is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Española, NM employs 13.8k people. The largest industries in Española, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,876 people), Public Administration (1,766 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,731 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,248), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($57,936), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,594).

Median household income in Española, NM is $33,422. Males in Española, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Española, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,422

2017 value

± $2,549

-1.62%

1 Year Growth

± 11.1%

Households in Española, NM have a median annual income of $33,422, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,972 in 2016, which represents a -1.62% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Española, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Española, NM was Santa Fe County, NM with a value of $60,193, followed by Sandoval County, NM and Bernalillo County, NM, with respective values of $54,338 and $51,208.

The following map shows all of the counties in Española, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Española, NM (10.3k out of 39.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    7,613 ± 631

  2. White

    5,771 ± 532

  3. Other

    2,601 ± 430

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Española, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

13.8k

2017 Value

± 884

-5.67%

1 Year decline

± 9.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of -5.67%, from 14.6k employees to 13.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Española, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,013 people), Management Occupations (1,480 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,011 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Española, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Española, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,013 people), Management Occupations (1,480 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,011 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Española, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (3.11 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.98 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.77 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Española, NM, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($74,722), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($72,045), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($64,612).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

13.8k

2017 Value

± 884

-5.67%

1 Year decline

± 9.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of -5.67%, from 14.6k employees to 13.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Española, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,876 people), Public Administration (1,766 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,731 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Española, NM, though some of these residents may live in Española, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Española, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,876 people), Public Administration (1,766 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,731 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Española, NM has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.74 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.27 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.95 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Española, NM, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,248), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($57,936), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,594).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.9B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $8.75B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $14.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($13.1B) and Electronics ($8.75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$74.8B

2020 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

47.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $74.8B. This is expected to increase 47.6% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.6B

  2. $9.8B

  3. $6.35B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $10.6B, followed by Arizona with $9.8B and Oregon and $6.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.2% of the population of Española, NM has health coverage, with 33.2% on employee plans, 28% on Medicaid, 13.8% on Medicare, 9.52% on non-group plans, and 1.69% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Española, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Española, NM see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1316 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1544 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 271 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

1,325 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,325 patients per year. This represents a 0.684% increase from the previous year (1,316 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%

Uninsured

33.2%

Employer Coverage

28%

Medicaid

13.8%

Medicare

9.52%

Non-Group

1.69%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Española, NM declined by 21.2% from 17.5% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Española, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Española, NM is home to a population of 39.5k people, from which 97.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.49% of Española, NM residents were born outside of the country (1.77k people).

In 2017, there were 1.76 times more White (Hispanic) residents (17k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.66k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 5.53k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Española, NM was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Española, NM are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Española, NM residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.49%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.77k people

5.22%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.08k people

As of 2017, 4.49% of Española, NM residents (1.77k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Española, NM was 5.22%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.3% of Española, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Española, NM was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM

  1. White (Hispanic)

    17k ± 1.12k

  2. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    9.66k ± 1.11k

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)

    5.53k ± 94

In 2017, there were 1.76 times more White (Hispanic) residents (17k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.66k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 5.53k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Española, NM as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    844 ± 161

  2. Korea

    393 ± 129

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    274 ± 128

Española, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Española, NM awarded 173 degrees. The student population of Española, NM is skewed towards women, with 365 male students and 583 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Española, NM are Hispanic or Latino (125 and 72.3%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (20 and 11.6%), White (19 and 11%), and Black or African American (6 and 3.47%).

The largest universities in Española, NM by number of degrees awarded are Northern New Mexico College (173 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Española, NM are General Business Administration & Management (23 and 13.3%), Other Electrical Engineering Technology (16 and 9.25%), and Environmental Science (13 and 7.51%).

The median tuition costs in Española, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,260 and $12,114 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 8 degrees awarded

  2. 6 degrees awarded

  3. 14 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Española, NM was Social Work with 8 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Española, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

173 degrees awarded

$3,260

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Española, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern New Mexico College with 173 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

74

Degrees Awarded to Men

99

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 74 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Española, NM, which is 0.747 times less than the 99 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Española, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    125 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    20 degrees awarded

  3. White

    19 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Española, NM were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 125 degrees mean that there were 6.25 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 20 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Española, NM was $167,100 in 2017, which is 0.727 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $159,100 to $167,100, a 5.03% increase. The homeownership rate in Española, NM is 76.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Española, NM have an average commute time of 26.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Española, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$167,100

2017 Median

± $6,276

$159,100

2016 Median

± $9,341

In 2017, the median property value in Española, NM grew to to $167,100 from the previous year's value of $159,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Española, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,422

Median Household Income

± $2,549

12.9k

Number of Households

± 711

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.9k households in Española, NM declined from $33,422 from the previous year's value of $33,972.

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.6%

2017 Homeownership

76.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 76.6% of the housing units in Española, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Española, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Española, NM have a longer commute time (26.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.73% of the workforce in Española, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.61%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.88%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Española, NM was Drove Alone (85.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.61%) and those who Worked At Home (3.88%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Española, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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