Española, NM

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2019 Population
39,159
0.377% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
41.3
1.72% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
24%
N/A 1-year N/A
2019 Median Household Income
$39,952
2019 Median Property Value
$167,300
1.52% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
14,103

About

In 2019, Española, NM had a population of 39.2k people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $39,952. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Española, NM declined from 39,307 to 39,159, a −0.377% decrease and its median household income N/A from N/A to $39,952, a N/A% N/A.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM are White (Hispanic) (40.6%), Other (Hispanic) (26.9%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (14.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (12.4%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (1.98%). 0% of the households in Española, NM speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 97.9% of the residents in Española, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Española, NM are Northern New Mexico College (200 degrees awarded in 2019).

In 2019, the median property value in Española, NM was $167,300, and the homeownership rate was 76.9%. Most people in Española, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Española, NM was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Española, NM is home to a population of 39.2k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2019, 14.6% of Española, NM residents were born outside of the country (5.7k people).

In 2019, there were 1.51 times more White (Hispanic) residents (15.9k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.5k Other (Hispanic) and 5.6k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM
  1. White (Hispanic)
    15.9k ± 1.07k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    10.5k ± 1.15k
  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    5.6k ± 74
71.2%
Hispanic Population
27.9k people

In 2019, there were 1.51 times more White (Hispanic) residents (15.9k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.5k Other (Hispanic) and 5.6k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

71.2% of the people in Española, NM are hispanic (27.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Española, NM as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
5.7k people
3.67%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
1.44k people

As of 2019, 14.6% of Española, NM residents (5.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Española, NM was 3.67%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

40
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.1
52
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.1

In 2019, the median age of all people in Española, NM was 41.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in Española, NM are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Española, NM residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    136,066 ± 8,757 people
  2. Philippines
    5,001 ± 1,734 people
  3. Germany
    4,087 ± 1,568 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 136,066 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,001 and Germany with 4,087.

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Citizenship

97.9%
2019 Citizenship
97.7%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 97.9% of Española, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Española, NM was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    899 ± 180
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    302 ± 132
  3. Korea
    264 ± 102

Española, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Española, NM is $39,952. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Española, NM was Sandoval County, NM with a value of $71,997, followed by Lea County, NM and Santa Fe County, NM, with respective values of $68,457 and $61,298.

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,687. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Española, NM employs 14.1k people. The largest industries in Española, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,125 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,997 people), and Public Administration (1,611 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,667), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,344), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($61,435).

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,952
2019 value
± $2,593

Households in Española, NM have a median annual income of $39,952, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of N/A in N/A, which represents a N/A% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
$57,655
Average Male Salary in New Mexico
± $2,162
$44,687
Average Female Salary in New Mexico
± $1,775

In 2019, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New Mexico
  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $56,654 ± $67,652
  2. Asian
    $54,278 ± $11,708
  3. White
    $46,374 ± $1,482

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New Mexico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Española, NM is from New Mexico.
0.462
2019 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.462
2018 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2019, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.00328% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Española, NM was Sandoval County, NM with a value of $71,997, followed by Lea County, NM and Santa Fe County, NM, with respective values of $68,457 and $61,298.

The following map shows all of the counties in Española, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Española, NM (9.35k out of 38.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    6,686 ± 680
  2. White
    4,721 ± 518
  3. Other
    2,539 ± 553

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Española, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

14.1k
2019 Value
± 909

From N/A to 2019, employment in Española, NM stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to 14.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Española, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,002 people), Management Occupations (1,303 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,214 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Española, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Española, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,002 people), Management Occupations (1,303 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,214 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Española, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.74 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.21 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Española, NM, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($86,250), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($85,781), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($78,958).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

14.1k
2019 Value
± 909

From N/A to 2019, employment in Española, NM stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to 14.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Española, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,125 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,997 people), and Public Administration (1,611 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Española, NM, though some of these residents may live in Española, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Española, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,125 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1,997 people), and Public Administration (1,611 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Española, NM has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.65 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.47 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.98 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Española, NM, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,667), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,344), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($61,435).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $23.1B
  2. $22.1B
  3. $14.4B

In 2018, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.1B, followed by Crude petroleum ($22.1B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($14.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico.
$99.1B
2018 Value in New Mexico
$169B
Projected 2045 Value in New Mexico
70.9% growth

In 2018, total outbound New Mexico trade was $99.1B. This is expected to increase 70.9% to $169B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $25.8B
  2. $8.82B
  3. $6.6B

In 2018, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $25.8B, followed by Arizona with $8.82B and Oregon and $6.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 48.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (40%), followed by Gary Johnson (9.34%). The most partisan county was Catron County, NM with 71.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New Mexico.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for New Mexico
48.3% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in New Mexico
  1. 71.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 71.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 71.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in New Mexico was Catron County, NM with 71.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in New Mexico colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Española, NM awarded 200 degrees. The student population of Española, NM is skewed towards women, with 401 male students and 718 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Española, NM are Hispanic or Latino (147 and 74.2%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (23 and 11.6%), White (18 and 9.09%), and Asian (3 and 1.52%).

The largest universities in Española, NM by number of degrees awarded are Northern New Mexico College (200 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Española, NM are General Business Administration & Management (38 and 19%), Registered Nursing (28 and 14%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (14 and 7%).

The median tuition costs in Española, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,447 and $12,171 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 13 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 8 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 24 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Española, NM was Social Work with 13 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Española, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
200 degrees awarded
$3,447
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2019, the Española, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern New Mexico College with 200 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

53
Degrees Awarded to Men
147
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 53 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Española, NM, which is 0.361 times less than the 147 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Española, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    147 degrees awarded
  2. American Indian or Alaska Native
    23 degrees awarded
  3. White
    18 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Española, NM was Hispanic or Latino students. These 147 degrees mean that there were 6.39 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 23 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Española, NM was $167,300 in 2019, which is 0.696 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $164,800 to $167,300, a 1.52% increase. The homeownership rate in Española, NM is 76.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Española, NM have an average commute time of 27.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Española, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$167,300
2019 Median
± $5,446
$164,800
2018 Median
± $5,965

In 2019, the median property value in Española, NM grew to to $167,300 from the previous year's value of $164,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Española, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$39,952
Median Household Income
± $2,593
12.7k
Number of Households
± 723

In 2019, the median household income of the 12.7k households in Española, NM N/A $39,952 from the previous year's value of N/A.

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.9%
2019 Homeownership
77%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 76.9% of the housing units in Española, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Española, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Española, NM have a longer commute time (27.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.31% of the workforce in Española, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (86.1%)
  2. Carpooled (6.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.85%)

In 2019, 86.1% of workers in Española, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.8%) and those who worked at home (3.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Española, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

90.9% of the population of Española, NM has health coverage, with 35.6% on employee plans, 30.4% on Medicaid, 15.6% on Medicare, 7.95% on non-group plans, and 1.3% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Mexico was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1336 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.224% decrease from the previous year (1339 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1437 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 248 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, De Baca County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.3%). Additionally, Guadalupe County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
1,336 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Mexico

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,336 patients per year. This represents a 0.224% decrease from the previous year (1,339 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
$7,214
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New Mexico
$4,155
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,445
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,663
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.14%
Uninsured
35.6%
Employer Coverage
30.4%
Medicaid
15.6%
Medicare
7.95%
Non-Group
1.3%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Española, NM declined by 14.1% from 10.6% to 9.14%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Española, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 20.3% prevalence
  2. 19.4% prevalence
  3. 15% prevalence

De Baca County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 20.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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