El Paso, TX

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Population

844,723

0.243% growth

Poverty Rate

21.8%


Median Age

32.5


Median Household Income

$43,862

1.25% decline

Number of Employees

361,034

0.915% growth

Median Property Value

$123,600

1.15% growth

About

In 2018, El Paso, TX had a population of 845k people with a median age of 32.5 and a median household income of $43,862. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of El Paso, TX grew from 842,677 to 844,723, a 0.243% increase and its median household income declined from $44,416 to $43,862, a -1.25% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Paso, TX are White (Hispanic) (66.4%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (14%), White (Non-Hispanic) (11.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.79%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (1.96%). N/A% of the people in El Paso, TX speak a non-English language, and 87.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso, TX are The University of Texas at El Paso (4,656 degrees awarded in 2017), El Paso Community College (4,509 degrees), and Vista College (2,549 degrees).

The median property value in El Paso, TX is $123,600, and the homeownership rate is 61.1%. Most people in El Paso, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso, TX is 2 cars per household.

El Paso, TX borders Las Cruces, NM and Alamogordo, NM.

About the photo: El Paso from Ranger Peak

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of El Paso, TX employs 361k people. The largest industries in El Paso, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (50,752 people), Educational Services (44,483 people), and Retail Trade (43,615 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,831), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,797), and Public Administration ($54,710).

Median household income in El Paso, TX is $43,862. Males in El Paso, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in El Paso, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,862

2018 value

± $2,029

-1.25%

1 Year Growth

± 6.55%

Households in El Paso, TX have a median annual income of $43,862, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,416 in 2017, which represents a -1.25% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $100,595, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $96,051 and $91,931.

The following map shows all of the counties in El Paso, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso, TX (179k out of 823k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    163,811 ± 3,135

  2. White

    142,902 ± 2,971

  3. Other

    27,590 ± 1,529

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

361k

2018 Value

± 11,800

0.915%

1 Year growth

± 4.58%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 0.915%, from 358k employees to 361k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (46,660 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (45,942 people), and Management Occupations (28,586 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (46,660 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (45,942 people), and Management Occupations (28,586 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, El Paso, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.71 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.47 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of El Paso, TX, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($71,271), Legal Occupations ($63,750), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,448).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

361k

2018 Value

± 11,800

0.915%

1 Year growth

± 4.58%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in El Paso, TX grew at a rate of 0.915%, from 358k employees to 361k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (50,752 people), Educational Services (44,483 people), and Retail Trade (43,615 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso, TX, though some of these residents may live in El Paso, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in El Paso, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (50,752 people), Educational Services (44,483 people), and Retail Trade (43,615 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, El Paso, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.64 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in El Paso, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,831), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,797), and Public Administration ($54,710).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79.4% of the population of El Paso, TX has health coverage, with 34.3% on employee plans, 22.2% on Medicaid, 6.52% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 5.78% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of El Paso, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in El Paso, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

20.6%

Uninsured

34.3%

Employer Coverage

22.2%

Medicaid

6.52%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

5.78%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso, TX grew by 5.54% from 19.5% to 20.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

El Paso, TX is home to a population of 845k people, from which 87.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 25.4% of El Paso, TX residents were born outside of the country (214k people).

In 2018, there were 4.76 times more White (Hispanic) residents (561k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 118k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 98.1k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

26

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

52

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in El Paso, TX was 32.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 26, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in El Paso, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all El Paso, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

25.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

214k people

25.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

213k people

As of 2017, 25.4% of El Paso, TX residents (214k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso, TX was 25.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

87.4%

2018 Citizenship

87%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87.4% of El Paso, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso, TX was 87%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Paso, TX

  1. White (Hispanic)

    561k ± 11.9k

  2. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    118k ± 12.2k

  3. White (Non-Hispanic)

    98.1k ± 478

In 2018, there were 4.76 times more White (Hispanic) residents (561k people) in El Paso, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 118k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 98.1k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in El Paso, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    22,900 ± 2,476

  2. Vietnam

    8,593 ± 1,248

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,384 ± 1,208

El Paso, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in El Paso, TX awarded 14,173 degrees. The student population of El Paso, TX is skewed towards women, with 27,568 male students and 35,448 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso, TX are Hispanic or Latino (10,604 and 77.2%), followed by White (1,595 and 11.6%), Black or African American (1,012 and 7.37%), and Unknown (188 and 1.37%).

The largest universities in El Paso, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at El Paso (4,656 and 32.9%), El Paso Community College (4,509 and 31.8%), and Vista College (2,549 and 18%).

The most popular majors in El Paso, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,455 and 10.3%), Medical Assistant (1,399 and 9.87%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (551 and 3.89%).

The median tuition costs in El Paso, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,931 and $19,676 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 351 degrees awarded

  2. 290 degrees awarded

  3. 1,455 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in El Paso, TX was General Business with 351 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in El Paso, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,656 degrees awarded

  2. 4,509 degrees awarded

  3. 2,549 degrees awarded

$5,931

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the El Paso, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at El Paso with 4,656 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,854

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,319

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,854 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso, TX, which is 0.704 times less than the 8,319 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in El Paso, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    10,604 degrees awarded

  2. White

    1,595 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,012 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in El Paso, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 10,604 degrees mean that there were 6.65 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,595 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso, TX was $123,600 in 2018, which is 0.538 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $122,200 to $123,600, a 1.15% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso, TX is 61.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in El Paso, TX have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in El Paso, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$123,600

2018 Median

± $3,119

$122,200

2017 Median

± $2,390

In 2018, the median property value in El Paso, TX grew to to $123,600 from the previous year's value of $122,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in El Paso, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,862

Median Household Income

± $2,029

271k

Number of Households

± 9,542

In 2018, the median household income of the 271k households in El Paso, TX declined from $43,862 from the previous year's value of $44,416.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.1%

2018 Homeownership

61.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 61.1% of the housing units in El Paso, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in El Paso, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso, TX have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.76% of the workforce in El Paso, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.76%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.92%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in El Paso, TX was Drove Alone (81.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.76%) and those who Worked At Home (3.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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