El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
146,335
51.6% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36
7.69% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
29.7%
5.41% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$37,190
24.4% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$130,400
17% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
57,980
61.3% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX had a population of 146k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $37,190. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX grew from 96,556 to 146,335, a 51.6% increase and its median household income grew from $29,888 to $37,190, a 24.4% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (35.5%), Two+ (Hispanic) (31.7%), Other (Hispanic) (16.4%), White (Non-Hispanic) (10.6%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.37%).

72.6% of the households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

86.1% of the residents in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) (5,377 degrees awarded in 2022), El Paso Community College (4,045 degrees), and Southwest University at El Paso (451556) (657 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was $130,400, and the homeownership rate was 48.1%.

Most people in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX is home to a population of 146k people, from which 86.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 25.5% of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (37.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.12 times more White (Hispanic) residents (52k people) in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46.3k Two+ (Hispanic) and 24.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are Spanish (97,406 households), French (Incl. Cajun) (467 households), and Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa (200 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
75,484
Women
51.2%
71,825
Men
48.8%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 147,309 inhabitants, with 48.8% men, and 51.2% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

86.1%
2022 Citizenship
83.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 86.1% of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was 83.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    52k ± 2.5k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    46.3k ± 3.52k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    24.1k ± 2.2k
84.2%
Hispanic Population
123k people

In 2022, there were 1.12 times more White (Hispanic) residents (52k people) in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 46.3k Two+ (Hispanic) and 24.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

84.2% of the people in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are hispanic (123k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    37,376 ± 4,100 people
  2. Guatemala
    218 ± 362 people
  3. Germany
    178 ± 327 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 37,376 El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX residents, followed by Guatemala with 218 and Germany with 178.

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Foreign-Born Population

25.5%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
37.3k people
29.4%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
28.4k people

As of 2022, 25.5% of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX residents (37.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was 29.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    97,406 households (71.2%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    467 households (0.341%)
  3. Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa
    200 households (0.146%)

72.6% of the households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was Spanish. 71.2% of the households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,911 ± 985
  2. Vietnam
    2,021 ± 355
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,072 ± 262

El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.44 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX employs 58k people. The largest industries in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are Restaurants & Food Services (4,999 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,632 people), and Construction (3,205 people), and the highest paying industries are Other administrative & other support services ($128,109), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($116,449), and Legal services ($101,196).

Males in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,819. The income inequality in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.446, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
16,621
Women
44.7%
20,585
Men
55.3%

The workforce of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX in 2020 was 37,206 people, with 44.7% woman, and 55.3% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX.

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Occupations

58k
2022 Value
61.3%
1 Year growth
± 61.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 61.3%, from 35.9k employees to 58k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX, are Personal care aides (1,797 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,779 people), and Retail salespersons (1,712 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

58k
2022 Value
61.3%
1 Year growth
± 61.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 61.3%, from 35.9k employees to 58k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,999 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,632 people), and Construction (3,205 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$30,463
Median earning men ± $1,902
$23,291
Median earning women ± $1,529

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($101,332), Public Administration ($59,180), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,829).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($44,272), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($39,306), and Wholesale Trade ($29,541).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX awarded 10,382 degrees. The student population of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 21,816 male students and 28,927 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (8,509 and 85.2%), followed by White (793 and 7.94%), Black or African American (252 and 2.52%), and Unknown (186 and 1.86%).

The largest universities in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) (5,377 and 51.8%), El Paso Community College (4,045 and 39%), and Southwest University at El Paso (451556) (657 and 6.33%).

The most popular majors in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,232 and 11.9%), Registered Nursing (794 and 7.65%), and General Business Administration & Management (536 and 5.16%).

The median tuition cost in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX for a public four year colleges is $7,268 for in-state students and $21,704 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 99.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 35.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 50,743 (43% men and 57% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 50,743 students enrolled in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX, 43% men and 57% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 42,644 records, of which 57.9% were women and 42.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 283 degrees awarded
  2. 566 degrees awarded
  3. 297 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 283 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,377 degrees awarded
  2. 4,045 degrees awarded
  3. 657 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) with 5,377 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,967 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX, which is 0.618 times less than the 6,415 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 8,509 degrees mean that there were 10.7 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 793 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($14,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,501) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,632) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.44% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.4% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (28.3k), Some college (26.8k), and Primary Education (24.8k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was $130,400 in 2022, which is 0.463 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $111,500 to $130,400, a 17% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX is 48.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX is $37,190. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

Property

$130,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,450
$26,330
Median Property Taxes
±$1,424

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.1%
Homeownership
2022
64.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.1% of the housing units in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$37,190
Median Household Income
± $1,825
54.8k
Number of Households
± 1,966

In 2022, the median household income of the 54.8k households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX grew to $37,190 from the previous year's value of $29,888.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.446
2022 Wage GINI in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX
0.472
2021 Wage GINI in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX

In 2022, the income inequality in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was 0.446 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 5.42% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.82%)

In 2022, 74.2% of workers in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.4%) and those who worked at home (6.82%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.98% of the workforce in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

29.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX (42k out of 141k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by Two Or More and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

75.5% of the population of El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 24.3% on employee plans, 24.3% on Medicaid, 10.8% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 4.22% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.8% under 18 years, 21.8% between 18 and 34 years, 34.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.1% were men and 51.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

24.5%
Uninsured
24.3%
Employer Coverage
24.3%
Medicaid
10.8%
Medicare
12%
Non-Group
4.22%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX declined by 2.36% from 25.1% to 24.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso City (Central) PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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