Edgecombe County, NC

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Population

54,032

1.17% decline

Median Age

40.3


Median Household Income

$32,929

1.95% growth

Poverty Rate

24.6%


Number of Employees

21,693

0.71% growth

Median Property Value

$84,000

2.19% growth

About

In 2017, Edgecombe County, NC had a population of 54k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $32,929. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Edgecombe County, NC declined from 54,669 to 54,032, a -1.17% decrease and its median household income grew from $32,298 to $32,929, a 1.95% increase.

The population of Edgecombe County, NC is 57.2% Black or African American Alone, 36.5% White Alone, and 4.33% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Edgecombe County, NC speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Edgecombe County, NC are Edgecombe Community College (557 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Edgecombe County, NC is $84,000, and the homeownership rate is 59.1%. Most people in Edgecombe County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Edgecombe County, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Edgecombe County, NC employs 21.7k people. The largest industries in Edgecombe County, NC are Manufacturing (4,040 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,519 people), and Retail Trade (2,607 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($38,409), Utilities ($38,309), and Finance & Insurance ($36,760).

Median household income in Edgecombe County, NC is $32,929. Males in Edgecombe County, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,729. The income inequality in Edgecombe County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,929

2017 value

± $1,973

1.95%

1 Year Growth

± 7.87%

Households in Edgecombe County, NC have a median annual income of $32,929, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,298 in 2016, which represents a 1.95% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Edgecombe County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$59,982

Average Male Salary

± $1,136

$44,729

Average Female Salary

± $812

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,267 ± $4,472

  2. White

    $49,962 ± $811

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,539 ± $3,942

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Edgecombe County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.39% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 216

  2. Census Tract 213

  3. Census Tract 207

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Edgecombe County, NC was Census Tract 216 with a value of $51,985, followed by Census Tract 213 and Census Tract 207, with respective values of $46,500 and $41,477.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Edgecombe County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Edgecombe County, NC (13.1k out of 53.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    9,653 ± 640

  2. White

    2,953 ± 391

  3. Hispanic

    694 ± 249

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Edgecombe County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

21.7k

2017 Value

± 1,030

0.71%

1 Year growth

± 6.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Edgecombe County, NC grew at a rate of 0.71%, from 21.5k employees to 21.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Edgecombe County, NC, are Production Occupations (2,912 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,803 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,064 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Edgecombe County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Edgecombe County, NC, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,912 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,803 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,064 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Edgecombe County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.49 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.32 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Edgecombe County, NC, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($53,542), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($49,086), and Legal Occupations ($45,781).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

21.7k

2017 Value

± 1,030

0.71%

1 Year growth

± 6.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Edgecombe County, NC grew at a rate of 0.71%, from 21.5k employees to 21.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Edgecombe County, NC, are Manufacturing (4,040 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,519 people), and Retail Trade (2,607 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Edgecombe County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Edgecombe County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Edgecombe County, NC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,040 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,519 people), and Retail Trade (2,607 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Edgecombe County, NC has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.08 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.84 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Edgecombe County, NC, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($38,409), Utilities ($38,309), and Finance & Insurance ($36,760).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.4% of the population of Edgecombe County, NC has health coverage, with 34.5% on employee plans, 27.9% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.43% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Edgecombe County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Edgecombe County, NC see 2850 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.8% decrease from the previous year (3231 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4101 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2222 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,850 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Edgecombe County, NC see an average of 2,850 patients per year. This represents a 11.8% decrease from the previous year (3,231 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Edgecombe County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.6%

Uninsured

34.5%

Employer Coverage

27.9%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.43%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Edgecombe County, NC declined by 13.5% from 14.6% to 12.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Edgecombe County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Edgecombe County, NC is home to a population of 54k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.1% of Edgecombe County, NC residents were born outside of the country (1.13k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Edgecombe County, NC is composed of 30.9k Black or African American Alone residents (57.2%), 19.7k White Alone residents (36.5%), 2.34k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.33%), 894 Two or More Races residents (1.65%), 67 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.124%), 34 Asian Alone residents (0.0629%), 28 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0518%), and 28 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0518%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Edgecombe County, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Edgecombe County, NC was 40.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Edgecombe County, NC are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Edgecombe County, NC residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.13k people

2.34%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.28k people

As of 2017, 2.1% of Edgecombe County, NC residents (1.13k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Edgecombe County, NC was 2.34%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Edgecombe County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    242,756 ± 11,950 people

  2. India

    60,392 ± 6,015 people

  3. Honduras

    34,513 ± 4,553 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 242,756 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 60,392 and Honduras with 34,513.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Edgecombe County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Edgecombe County, NC was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Edgecombe County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    30.9k ± 368

  2. White Alone

    19.7k ± 31

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.34k ± 636

In 2017, there were 1.57 times more Black or African American Alone residents (30.9k people) in Edgecombe County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 19.7k White Alone and 2.34k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Edgecombe County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Edgecombe County, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Edgecombe County, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Edgecombe County, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,264 ± 186

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    485 ± 157

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    456 ± 167

Edgecombe County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.61 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Edgecombe County, NC awarded 557 degrees. The student population of Edgecombe County, NC is skewed towards women, with 537 male students and 1,691 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Edgecombe County, NC are Black or African American (294 and 53%), followed by White (227 and 40.9%), Hispanic or Latino (19 and 3.42%), and Two or More Races (9 and 1.62%).

The largest universities in Edgecombe County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Edgecombe Community College (557 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Edgecombe County, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (71 and 12.7%), Early Childhood Education & Teaching (50 and 8.98%), and Health Information & Medical Records Technology (48 and 8.62%).

The median tuition costs in Edgecombe County, NC are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 71 degrees awarded

  2. 35 degrees awarded

  3. 25 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Edgecombe County, NC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 71 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Edgecombe County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

557 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Edgecombe County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Edgecombe Community College with 557 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

125

Degrees Awarded to Men

432

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 125 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Edgecombe County, NC, which is 0.289 times less than the 432 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Edgecombe County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    294 degrees awarded

  2. White

    227 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    19 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Edgecombe County, NC were to Black or African American students. These 294 degrees mean that there were 1.3 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 227 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Edgecombe County, NC was $84,000 in 2017, which is 0.386 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $82,200 to $84,000, a 2.19% increase. The homeownership rate in Edgecombe County, NC is 59.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Edgecombe County, NC have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Edgecombe County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,929

Median Household Income

± $1,973

21.4k

Number of Households

± 1,009

In 2017, the median household income of the 21.4k households in Edgecombe County, NC grew to $32,929 from the previous year's value of $32,298.

The following chart displays the households in Edgecombe County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$84,000

2017 Median

± $2,335

$82,200

2016 Median

± $2,725

In 2017, the median property value in Edgecombe County, NC grew to to $84,000 from the previous year's value of $82,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Edgecombe County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Edgecombe County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Edgecombe County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Edgecombe County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.1%

2017 Homeownership

59.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.1% of the housing units in Edgecombe County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 59.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Edgecombe County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Edgecombe County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Edgecombe County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Edgecombe County, NC have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.36% of the workforce in Edgecombe County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Edgecombe County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.1%

  3. Other

    4.65%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Edgecombe County, NC was Drove Alone (82.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.1%) and those who Other (4.65%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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