Dutchess County, NY

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Population

293,718

0.626% decline

Poverty Rate

9.09%


Median Age

42.5


Median Household Income

$80,227

2.97% growth

Number of Employees

143,973

2.02% decline

Median Property Value

$291,600

4.4% growth

About

In 2018, Dutchess County, NY had a population of 294k people with a median age of 42.5 and a median household income of $80,227. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Dutchess County, NY declined from 295,568 to 293,718, a -0.626% decrease and its median household income grew from $77,915 to $80,227, a 2.97% increase.

The population of Dutchess County, NY is 70.9% White Alone, 12.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 10.1% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Dutchess County, NY speak a non-English language, and 95.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dutchess County, NY are Marist College (1,692 degrees awarded in 2017), Culinary Institute of America (1,429 degrees), and Dutchess Community College (1,147 degrees).

The median property value in Dutchess County, NY is $291,600, and the homeownership rate is 68.2%. Most people in Dutchess County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32 minutes. The average car ownership in Dutchess County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Mid-Hudson Bridge, Poughkeepsie, NY

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in New York compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New York.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Dutchess County, NY employs 144k people. The largest industries in Dutchess County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,556 people), Educational Services (20,169 people), and Retail Trade (16,000 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($104,649), Finance & Insurance ($80,635), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($80,537).

Median household income in Dutchess County, NY is $80,227. Males in Dutchess County, NY have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,914. The income inequality in Dutchess County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$80,227

2018 value

± $3,395

2.97%

1 Year Growth

± 7.36%

Households in Dutchess County, NY have a median annual income of $80,227, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $77,915 in 2017, which represents a 2.97% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Dutchess County, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$81,735

Average Male Salary

± $1,216

$63,914

Average Female Salary

± $886

In 2018, full-time male employees in New York made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $69,391 ± $897

  2. Asian

    $66,385 ± $2,329

  3. Two or More Races

    $56,062 ± $4,048

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dutchess County, NY is from New York.

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New York was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 801.03

  2. Census Tract 1404

  3. Census Tract 502.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dutchess County, NY was Census Tract 801.03 with a value of $121,518, followed by Census Tract 1404 and Census Tract 502.04, with respective values of $118,500 and $115,321.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dutchess County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.09% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dutchess County, NY (25.4k out of 279k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,191 ± 885

  2. Hispanic

    5,052 ± 497

  3. Black

    4,433 ± 470

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dutchess County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

144k

2018 Value

± 6,024

-2.02%

1 Year decline

± 6.01%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dutchess County, NY declined at a rate of -2.02%, from 147k employees to 144k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dutchess County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,633 people), Sales & Related Occupations (14,473 people), and Management Occupations (13,640 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dutchess County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dutchess County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,633 people), Sales & Related Occupations (14,473 people), and Management Occupations (13,640 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dutchess County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.67 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.52 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dutchess County, NY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($116,209), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($100,073), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($93,910).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

144k

2018 Value

± 6,024

-2.02%

1 Year decline

± 6.01%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dutchess County, NY declined at a rate of -2.02%, from 147k employees to 144k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dutchess County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,556 people), Educational Services (20,169 people), and Retail Trade (16,000 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dutchess County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Dutchess County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dutchess County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,556 people), Educational Services (20,169 people), and Retail Trade (16,000 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dutchess County, NY has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.08 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.52 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dutchess County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($104,649), Finance & Insurance ($80,635), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($80,537).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $72.7B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $50B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $72.7B, followed by Electronics ($54.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($50B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$615B

2020 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

38.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $615B. This is expected to increase 38.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.7B

  2. $32.1B

  3. $20.7B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $37.7B, followed by Pennsylvania with $32.1B and Connecticut and $20.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.3% of the population of Dutchess County, NY has health coverage, with 57.2% on employee plans, 12.8% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 0.491% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dutchess County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Dutchess County, NY see 1422 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.211% increase from the previous year (1419 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1396 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,422 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dutchess County, NY see an average of 1,422 patients per year. This represents a 0.211% increase from the previous year (1,419 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dutchess County, NY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.69%

Uninsured

57.2%

Employer Coverage

12.8%

Medicaid

13.4%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

0.491%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dutchess County, NY grew by 4.71% from 4.48% to 4.69%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dutchess County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dutchess County, NY is home to a population of 294k people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.3% of Dutchess County, NY residents were born outside of the country (33.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dutchess County, NY is composed of 208k White Alone residents (70.9%), 36.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.5%), 29.7k Black or African American Alone residents (10.1%), 9.77k Asian Alone residents (3.33%), 7.74k Two or More Races residents (2.64%), 1.33k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.454%), 265 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0902%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Dutchess County, NY was 42.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Dutchess County, NY are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Dutchess County, NY residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

33.5k people

11.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

33.6k people

As of 2017, 11.3% of Dutchess County, NY residents (33.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dutchess County, NY was 11.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dutchess County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,970 ± 17,236 people

  2. China

    407,280 ± 15,504 people

  3. Mexico

    222,031 ± 11,503 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,970 New York residents, followed by China with 407,280 and Mexico with 222,031.

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Citizenship

95.2%

2018 Citizenship

95%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.2% of Dutchess County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Dutchess County, NY was 95%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dutchess County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    208k ± 776

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    36.7k ± 3.74k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    29.7k ± 1.63k

In 2018, there were 5.68 times more White Alone residents (208k people) in Dutchess County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.7k Hispanic or Latino and 29.7k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dutchess County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,345 ± 1,047

  2. Korea

    1,800 ± 546

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,577 ± 612

Dutchess County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Dutchess County, NY awarded 5,835 degrees. The student population of Dutchess County, NY is skewed towards women, with 10,513 male students and 13,360 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dutchess County, NY are White (3,572 and 66.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (668 and 12.4%), Black or African American (383 and 7.1%), and Asian (325 and 6.03%).

The largest universities in Dutchess County, NY by number of degrees awarded are Marist College (1,692 and 29%), Culinary Institute of America (1,429 and 24.5%), and Dutchess Community College (1,147 and 19.7%).

The most popular majors in Dutchess County, NY are Culinary Arts & Chef Training (723 and 12.4%), General Business Administration & Management (518 and 8.88%), and Baking & Pastry Arts (311 and 5.33%).

The median tuition costs in Dutchess County, NY are $44,163 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 286 degrees awarded

  2. 195 degrees awarded

  3. 286 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Dutchess County, NY was Restaurant & Food Services Management with 286 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Dutchess County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,692 degrees awarded

  2. 1,429 degrees awarded

  3. 1,147 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$44,163

Median Private

In 2017, the Dutchess County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Marist College with 1,692 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,505

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,330

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,505 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dutchess County, NY, which is 0.752 times less than the 3,330 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dutchess County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,572 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    668 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    383 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dutchess County, NY were to White students. These 3,572 degrees mean that there were 5.35 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 668 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dutchess County, NY was $291,600 in 2018, which is 1.27 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $279,300 to $291,600, a 4.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Dutchess County, NY is 68.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dutchess County, NY have an average commute time of 32 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dutchess County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$291,600

2018 Median

± $5,807

$279,300

2017 Median

± $5,522

In 2018, the median property value in Dutchess County, NY grew to to $291,600 from the previous year's value of $279,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dutchess County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dutchess County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$80,227

Median Household Income

± $3,395

108k

Number of Households

± 4,824

In 2018, the median household income of the 108k households in Dutchess County, NY grew to $80,227 from the previous year's value of $77,915.

The following chart displays the households in Dutchess County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dutchess County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dutchess County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.2%

2018 Homeownership

70.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.2% of the housing units in Dutchess County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dutchess County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

32 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dutchess County, NY have a longer commute time (32 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 8.76% of the workforce in Dutchess County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dutchess County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.9%

  2. Worked At Home

    6.49%

  3. Public Transit

    6.33%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Dutchess County, NY was Drove Alone (76.9%), followed by those who Worked At Home (6.49%) and those who Public Transit (6.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dutchess County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dutchess County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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