Dothan, AL

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Population

147,790

0.0358% decline

Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$42,431

3.82% growth

Poverty Rate

18.6%


Number of Employees

61,363

0.48% growth

Median Property Value

$117,000

4.93% growth

About

In 2017, Dothan, AL had a population of 148k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $42,431. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dothan, AL declined from 147,843 to 147,790, a -0.0358% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,871 to $42,431, a 3.82% increase.

The population of Dothan, AL is 70.4% White Alone, 23.5% Black or African American Alone, and 3.25% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Dothan, AL speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dothan, AL are Fortis College-Dothan (129 degrees awarded in 2016) and Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine (0 degrees).

The median property value in Dothan, AL is $117,000, and the homeownership rate is 68.4%. Most people in Dothan, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Dothan, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Dothan, AL employs 61.4k people. The largest industries in Dothan, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,013 people), Retail Trade (8,234 people), and Manufacturing (6,602 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,917), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,750), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,663).

Median household income in Dothan, AL is $42,431. Males in Dothan, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Dothan, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,431

2017 value

± $770

3.82%

1 Year Growth

± 2.56%

Households in Dothan, AL have a median annual income of $42,431, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,871 in 2016, which represents a 3.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dothan, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dothan, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dothan, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Dothan, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dothan, AL (27.2k out of 146k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    14,637 ± 605

  2. Black

    11,243 ± 429

  3. Hispanic

    1,272 ± 167

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dothan, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

61.4k

2017 Value

± 1,176

0.48%

1 Year growth

± 2.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dothan, AL grew at a rate of 0.48%, from 61.1k employees to 61.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dothan, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,798 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,123 people), and Management Occupations (4,844 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dothan, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dothan, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,798 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,123 people), and Management Occupations (4,844 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dothan, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.75 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.53 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dothan, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($63,750), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,276), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($56,801).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

61.4k

2017 Value

± 1,176

0.48%

1 Year growth

± 2.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dothan, AL grew at a rate of 0.48%, from 61.1k employees to 61.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dothan, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,013 people), Retail Trade (8,234 people), and Manufacturing (6,602 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dothan, AL, though some of these residents may live in Dothan, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dothan, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,013 people), Retail Trade (8,234 people), and Manufacturing (6,602 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dothan, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.91 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.08 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dothan, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,917), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,750), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,663).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.5% of the population of Dothan, AL has health coverage, with 39.8% on employee plans, 19.4% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 2.45% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Dothan, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Dothan, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.5%

Uninsured

39.8%

Employer Coverage

19.4%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

2.45%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dothan, AL declined by 7.99% from 12.5% to 11.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dothan, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dothan, AL is home to a population of 148k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.02% of Dothan, AL residents were born outside of the country (2.98k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dothan, AL is composed of 104k White Alone residents (70.4%), 34.8k Black or African American Alone residents (23.5%), 4.81k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.25%), 2.59k Two or More Races residents (1.75%), 980 Asian Alone residents (0.663%), 489 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.331%), 95 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0643%), and 16 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0108%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dothan, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dothan, AL was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Dothan, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dothan, AL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.02%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.98k people

2.13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.15k people

As of 2017, 2.02% of Dothan, AL residents (2.98k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dothan, AL was 2.13%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dothan, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

98.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Dothan, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dothan, AL was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dothan, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    104k ± 50

  2. Black or African American Alone

    34.8k ± 227

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.81k ± 354

In 2017, there were 2.99 times more White Alone residents (104k people) in Dothan, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 34.8k Black or African American Alone and 4.81k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dothan, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dothan, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dothan, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dothan, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,143 ± 307

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,007 ± 213

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,906 ± 205

Dothan, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.06 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dothan, AL awarded 129 degrees. The student population of Dothan, AL is skewed towards men, with 410 male students and 392 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dothan, AL are Black or African American (78 and 60.5%), followed by White (43 and 33.3%), Hispanic or Latino (3 and 2.33%), and Two or More Races (2 and 1.55%).

The largest universities in Dothan, AL by number of degrees awarded are Fortis College-Dothan (129 and 100%) and Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine (0 and 0%).

The most popular majors in Dothan, AL are Medical Assistant (81 and 62.8%), Pharmacy Technician (33 and 25.6%), and HVAC Maintenance (15 and 11.6%).

The median tuition costs in Dothan, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 15 degrees awarded

  2. 81 degrees awarded

  3. 33 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Dothan, AL was HVAC Maintenance with 15 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Dothan, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 129 degrees awarded

  2. 0 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Dothan, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fortis College-Dothan with 129 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

17

Degrees Awarded to Men

112

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 17 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dothan, AL, which is 0.152 times less than the 112 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Dothan, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    78 degrees awarded

  2. White

    43 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dothan, AL were to Black or African American students. These 78 degrees mean that there were 1.81 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 43 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dothan, AL was $117,000 in 2017, which is 0.538 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $111,500 to $117,000, a 4.93% increase. The homeownership rate in Dothan, AL is 68.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dothan, AL have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dothan, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,431

Median Household Income

± $770

57k

Number of Households

± 1,066

In 2017, the median household income of the 57k households in Dothan, AL grew to $42,431 from the previous year's value of $40,871.

The following chart displays the households in Dothan, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$117,000

2017 Median

± $2,582

$111,500

2016 Median

± $2,217

In 2017, the median property value in Dothan, AL grew to to $117,000 from the previous year's value of $111,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dothan, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dothan, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dothan, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dothan, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.4%

2017 Homeownership

68.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.4% of the housing units in Dothan, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dothan, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dothan, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dothan, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dothan, AL have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.97% of the workforce in Dothan, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dothan, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.9%

  2. Carpooled

    7.51%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.46%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dothan, AL was Drove Alone (87.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.51%) and those who Worked At Home (2.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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