Defiance, OH

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Population

38,311

0.46% decline

Poverty Rate

11%


Median Age

40


Median Household Income

$55,295

8.8% growth

Number of Employees

18,654

2.71% growth

Median Property Value

$112,700

3.02% growth

About

In 2017, Defiance, OH had a population of 38.3k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $55,295. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Defiance, OH declined from 38,488 to 38,311, a -0.46% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,822 to $55,295, a 8.8% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Defiance, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.9%), White (Hispanic) (4.15%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (3.59%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.69%), and Two or More Races (Hispanic) (1.52%). N/A% of the people in Defiance, OH speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Defiance, OH are Defiance College (145 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Defiance, OH is $112,700, and the homeownership rate is 76.2%. Most people in Defiance, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Defiance, OH is 2 cars per household.

Defiance, OH borders Fort Wayne, IN and Auburn, IN.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Defiance, OH employs 18.7k people. The largest industries in Defiance, OH are Manufacturing (5,413 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,302 people), and Retail Trade (2,126 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($50,673), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,385), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($43,375).

Median household income in Defiance, OH is $55,295. Males in Defiance, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Defiance, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,295

2017 value

± $2,089

8.8%

1 Year Growth

± 4.93%

Households in Defiance, OH have a median annual income of $55,295, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,822 in 2016, which represents a 8.8% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Defiance, OH compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Defiance, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Defiance, OH was Delaware County, OH with a value of $99,881, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $86,473 and $82,784.

The following map shows all of the counties in Defiance, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Defiance, OH (4.11k out of 37.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,578 ± 384

  2. Hispanic

    498 ± 167

  3. Two Or More

    241 ± 149

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Defiance, OH is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

18.7k

2017 Value

± 776

2.71%

1 Year growth

± 5.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Defiance, OH grew at a rate of 2.71%, from 18.2k employees to 18.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Defiance, OH, are Production Occupations (2,915 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,587 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,626 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Defiance, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Defiance, OH, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,915 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,587 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,626 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Defiance, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.7 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.53 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Defiance, OH, by median earnings, are Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($57,155), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,734), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($55,655).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

18.7k

2017 Value

± 776

2.71%

1 Year growth

± 5.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Defiance, OH grew at a rate of 2.71%, from 18.2k employees to 18.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Defiance, OH, are Manufacturing (5,413 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,302 people), and Retail Trade (2,126 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Defiance, OH, though some of these residents may live in Defiance, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Defiance, OH, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,413 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,302 people), and Retail Trade (2,126 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Defiance, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.87 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.71 times), and Retail Trade (0.998 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Defiance, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($50,673), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,385), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($43,375).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.1% of the population of Defiance, OH has health coverage, with 54% on employee plans, 12.4% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Defiance, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Defiance, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.94%

Uninsured

54%

Employer Coverage

12.4%

Medicaid

13.4%

Medicare

12.2%

Non-Group

1.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Defiance, OH declined by 23.6% from 9.08% to 6.94%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Defiance, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Defiance, OH is home to a population of 38.3k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.88% of Defiance, OH residents were born outside of the country (722 people).

In 2017, there were 20.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33.3k people) in Defiance, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.59k White (Hispanic) and 1.37k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Defiance, OH was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Defiance, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Defiance, OH residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.88%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

722 people

1.81%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

695 people

As of 2017, 1.88% of Defiance, OH residents (722 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Defiance, OH was 1.81%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Defiance, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 56,561 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Defiance, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Defiance, OH was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Defiance, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Defiance, OH

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    33.3k ± 18

  2. White (Hispanic)

    1.59k ± 307

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    1.37k ± 306

In 2017, there were 20.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33.3k people) in Defiance, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.59k White (Hispanic) and 1.37k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Defiance, OH as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    889 ± 130

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    438 ± 129

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    270 ± 98

Defiance, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Defiance, OH awarded 145 degrees. The student population of Defiance, OH is skewed towards men, with 342 male students and 272 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Defiance, OH are White (125 and 88%), followed by Black or African American (7 and 4.93%), Two or More Races (5 and 3.52%), and Hispanic or Latino (4 and 2.82%).

The largest universities in Defiance, OH by number of degrees awarded are Defiance College (145 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Defiance, OH are Criminal Justice - Police Science (19 and 13.1%), General Business (18 and 12.4%), and Accounting (14 and 9.66%).

The median tuition costs in Defiance, OH are $31,480 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 18 degrees awarded

  2. 17 degrees awarded

  3. 14 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Defiance, OH was General Business with 18 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Defiance, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

145 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$31,480

Median Private

In 2017, the Defiance, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Defiance College with 145 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

68

Degrees Awarded to Men

77

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 68 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Defiance, OH, which is 0.883 times less than the 77 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Defiance, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    125 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    7 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    5 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Defiance, OH were to White students. These 125 degrees mean that there were 17.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 7 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Defiance, OH was $112,700 in 2017, which is 0.491 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $109,400 to $112,700, a 3.02% increase. The homeownership rate in Defiance, OH is 76.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Defiance, OH have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Defiance, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$112,700

2017 Median

± $3,132

$109,400

2016 Median

± $3,348

In 2017, the median property value in Defiance, OH grew to to $112,700 from the previous year's value of $109,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Defiance, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Defiance, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,295

Median Household Income

± $2,089

15.3k

Number of Households

± 718

In 2017, the median household income of the 15.3k households in Defiance, OH grew to $55,295 from the previous year's value of $50,822.

The following chart displays the households in Defiance, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Defiance, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Defiance, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.2%

2017 Homeownership

74.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 76.2% of the housing units in Defiance, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Defiance, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Defiance, OH have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.11% of the workforce in Defiance, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Defiance, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.8%

  2. Carpooled

    6.95%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.64%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Defiance, OH was Drove Alone (86.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.95%) and those who Worked At Home (2.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Defiance, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Defiance, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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