Decatur, IN

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Population

35,018

0.589% growth

Poverty Rate

18.9%


Median Age

33.3


Median Household Income

$48,290

1.51% growth

Number of Employees

14,954

0.908% decline

Median Property Value

$118,900

3.75% growth

About

In 2017, Decatur, IN had a population of 35k people with a median age of 33.3 and a median household income of $48,290. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Decatur, IN grew from 34,813 to 35,018, a 0.589% increase and its median household income grew from $47,572 to $48,290, a 1.51% increase.

The population of Decatur, IN is 93.7% White Alone, 4.44% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.937% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Decatur, IN speak a non-English language, and 99.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Decatur, IN is $118,900, and the homeownership rate is 76.2%. Most people in Decatur, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Decatur, IN is 2 cars per household.

Decatur, IN borders Celina, OH, Fort Wayne, IN, and Van Wert, OH.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Indiana.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Indiana compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Indiana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Indiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Decatur, IN employs 15k people. The largest industries in Decatur, IN are Manufacturing (4,454 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,704 people), and Retail Trade (1,484 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($55,577), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($42,073), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($41,982).

Median household income in Decatur, IN is $48,290. Males in Decatur, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Decatur, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,290

2017 value

± $2,581

1.51%

1 Year Growth

± 8.03%

Households in Decatur, IN have a median annual income of $48,290, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,572 in 2016, which represents a 1.51% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Decatur, IN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Decatur, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Decatur, IN was Hamilton County, IN with a value of $100,209, followed by Boone County, IN and Hendricks County, IN, with respective values of $81,145 and $80,582.

The following map shows all of the counties in Decatur, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Decatur, IN (6.45k out of 34.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,996 ± 507

  2. Black

    305 ± 148

  3. Hispanic

    269 ± 130

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Decatur, IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15k

2017 Value

± 743

-0.908%

1 Year decline

± 6.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, IN declined at a rate of -0.908%, from 15.1k employees to 15k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Decatur, IN, are Production Occupations (2,586 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,529 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,403 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Decatur, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Decatur, IN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,586 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,529 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,403 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Decatur, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.98 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.27 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.75 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Decatur, IN, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($60,833), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($51,776), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($50,197).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15k

2017 Value

± 743

-0.908%

1 Year decline

± 6.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, IN declined at a rate of -0.908%, from 15.1k employees to 15k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Decatur, IN, are Manufacturing (4,454 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,704 people), and Retail Trade (1,484 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Decatur, IN, though some of these residents may live in Decatur, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Decatur, IN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,454 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,704 people), and Retail Trade (1,484 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Decatur, IN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.94 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.57 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Decatur, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($55,577), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($42,073), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($41,982).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $73.5B

  2. $45.8B

  3. $42.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $73.5B, followed by Base metals ($45.8B) and Mixed freight ($42.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$487B

2020 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

43.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Indiana trade was $487B. This is expected to increase 43.3% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.4B

  2. $36.8B

  3. $34.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $44.4B, followed by Michigan with $36.8B and Illinois and $34.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79% of the population of Decatur, IN has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 10.5% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 0.538% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Decatur, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Decatur, IN see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

1,505 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

21%

Uninsured

43.2%

Employer Coverage

10.5%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

12.8%

Non-Group

0.538%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Decatur, IN declined by 2.15% from 21.4% to 21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Decatur, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Decatur, IN is home to a population of 35k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.942% of Decatur, IN residents were born outside of the country (330 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Decatur, IN is composed of 32.8k White Alone residents (93.7%), 1.55k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.44%), 328 Black or African American Alone residents (0.937%), 132 Asian Alone residents (0.377%), 104 Two or More Races residents (0.297%), 76 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.217%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 9.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Decatur, IN was 33.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Decatur, IN are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Decatur, IN residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.942%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

330 people

0.902%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

314 people

As of 2017, 0.942% of Decatur, IN residents (330 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Decatur, IN was 0.902%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Decatur, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

99.6%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.6% of Decatur, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Decatur, IN was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Decatur, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    32.8k ± 112

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.55k ± 214

  3. Black or African American Alone

    328 ± 87

In 2017, there were 21.1 times more White Alone residents (32.8k people) in Decatur, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.55k Hispanic or Latino and 328 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Decatur, IN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    531 ± 130

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    259 ± 105

  3. Korea

    243 ± 92

Decatur, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Decatur, IN was $118,900 in 2017, which is 0.518 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $114,600 to $118,900, a 3.75% increase. The homeownership rate in Decatur, IN is 76.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Decatur, IN have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Decatur, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$118,900

2017 Median

± $3,658

$114,600

2016 Median

± $4,081

In 2017, the median property value in Decatur, IN grew to to $118,900 from the previous year's value of $114,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Decatur, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,290

Median Household Income

± $2,581

12.5k

Number of Households

± 670

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.5k households in Decatur, IN grew to $48,290 from the previous year's value of $47,572.

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Decatur, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.2%

2017 Homeownership

76.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 76.2% of the housing units in Decatur, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 76.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Decatur, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Decatur, IN have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.04% of the workforce in Decatur, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Decatur, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.3%

  2. Carpooled

    16.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Decatur, IN was Drove Alone (74.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (16.7%) and those who Worked At Home (4.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Decatur, IN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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