Decatur, IL

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Population

107,587

0.754% decline

Median Age

41


Median Household Income

$49,052

3.32% growth

Poverty Rate

16.6%


Number of Employees

48,109

0.704% decline

Median Property Value

$95,900

0.209% growth

About

In 2017, Decatur, IL had a population of 108k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $49,052. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Decatur, IL declined from 108,404 to 107,587, a -0.754% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,477 to $49,052, a 3.32% increase.

The population of Decatur, IL is 76.7% White Alone, 13.9% Black or African American Alone, and 5.71% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Decatur, IL speak a non-English language, and 98.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Decatur, IL are Richland Community College (1,020 degrees awarded in 2016), Millikin University (565 degrees), and Mr John's School of Cosmetology Esthetics & Nails-Decatur (34 degrees).

The median property value in Decatur, IL is $95,900, and the homeownership rate is 70%. Most people in Decatur, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Decatur, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Decatur, IL employs 48.1k people. The largest industries in Decatur, IL are Manufacturing (8,300 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (7,465 people), and Retail Trade (5,825 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($83,125), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,421), and Utilities ($60,265).

Median household income in Decatur, IL is $49,052. Males in Decatur, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Decatur, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,052

2017 value

± $1,793

3.32%

1 Year Growth

± 4.4%

Households in Decatur, IL have a median annual income of $49,052, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,477 in 2016, which represents a 3.32% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Decatur, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Decatur, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Decatur, IL was Kendall County, IL with a value of $91,250, followed by DuPage County, IL and McHenry County, IL, with respective values of $89,521 and $86,348.

The following map shows all of the counties in Decatur, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Decatur, IL (17.2k out of 104k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    10,265 ± 674

  2. Black

    4,812 ± 397

  3. Two Or More

    1,906 ± 286

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Decatur, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

48.1k

2017 Value

± 1,339

-0.704%

1 Year decline

± 3.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, IL declined at a rate of -0.704%, from 48.5k employees to 48.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Decatur, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,319 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,898 people), and Management Occupations (3,856 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Decatur, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Decatur, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,319 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,898 people), and Management Occupations (3,856 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Decatur, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.38 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.34 times), and Production Occupations (1.33 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Decatur, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,318), Legal Occupations ($66,346), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($65,625).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

48.1k

2017 Value

± 1,339

-0.704%

1 Year decline

± 3.95%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, IL declined at a rate of -0.704%, from 48.5k employees to 48.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Decatur, IL, are Manufacturing (8,300 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (7,465 people), and Retail Trade (5,825 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Decatur, IL, though some of these residents may live in Decatur, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Decatur, IL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (8,300 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (7,465 people), and Retail Trade (5,825 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Decatur, IL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.64 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.01 times), and Manufacturing (1.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Decatur, IL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($83,125), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,421), and Utilities ($60,265).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.2% of the population of Decatur, IL has health coverage, with 47.7% on employee plans, 20.3% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.09% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Decatur, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Decatur, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.77%

Uninsured

47.7%

Employer Coverage

20.3%

Medicaid

13.6%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.09%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Decatur, IL declined by 21.4% from 7.34% to 5.77%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Decatur, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Decatur, IL is home to a population of 108k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.15% of Decatur, IL residents were born outside of the country (2.31k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Decatur, IL is composed of 82.5k White Alone residents (76.7%), 14.9k Black or African American Alone residents (13.9%), 6.15k Two or More Races residents (5.71%), 2.33k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.16%), 1.22k Asian Alone residents (1.14%), 334 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.31%), 130 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.121%), and 5 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00465%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Decatur, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Decatur, IL was 41. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Decatur, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Decatur, IL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.15%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.31k people

2.27%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.46k people

As of 2017, 2.15% of Decatur, IL residents (2.31k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Decatur, IL was 2.27%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Decatur, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

98.8%

2017 Citizenship

98.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.8% of Decatur, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Decatur, IL was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Decatur, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    82.5k ± 108

  2. Black or African American Alone

    14.9k ± 741

  3. Two or More Races

    6.15k ± 736

In 2017, there were 5.54 times more White Alone residents (82.5k people) in Decatur, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.9k Black or African American Alone and 6.15k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Decatur, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Decatur, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Decatur, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Decatur, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,782 ± 223

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    964 ± 187

  3. Korea

    881 ± 143

Decatur, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Decatur, IL awarded 1,625 degrees. The student population of Decatur, IL is skewed towards women, with 2,037 male students and 2,934 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Decatur, IL are White (1,266 and 79.4%), followed by Black or African American (196 and 12.3%), Two or More Races (55 and 3.45%), and Hispanic or Latino (41 and 2.57%).

The largest universities in Decatur, IL by number of degrees awarded are Richland Community College (1,020 and 62.8%), Millikin University (565 and 34.8%), and Mr John's School of Cosmetology Esthetics & Nails-Decatur (34 and 2.09%).

The most popular majors in Decatur, IL are Automobile Mechanics Technology (98 and 6.03%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (93 and 5.72%), and Registered Nursing (87 and 5.35%).

The median tuition costs in Decatur, IL are $31,032 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Decatur, IL was Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor with 54 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Decatur, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,020 degrees awarded

  2. 565 degrees awarded

  3. 34 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$31,032

Median Private

In 2016, the Decatur, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Richland Community College with 1,020 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

725

Degrees Awarded to Men

900

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 725 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Decatur, IL, which is 0.806 times less than the 900 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Decatur, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,266 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    196 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    55 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Decatur, IL were to White students. These 1,266 degrees mean that there were 6.46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 196 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Decatur, IL was $95,900 in 2017, which is 0.441 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $95,700 to $95,900, a 0.209% increase. The homeownership rate in Decatur, IL is 70%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Decatur, IL have an average commute time of 17.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Decatur, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,052

Median Household Income

± $1,793

44.3k

Number of Households

± 1,203

In 2017, the median household income of the 44.3k households in Decatur, IL grew to $49,052 from the previous year's value of $47,477.

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$95,900

2017 Median

± $2,372

$95,700

2016 Median

± $2,458

In 2017, the median property value in Decatur, IL grew to to $95,900 from the previous year's value of $95,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Decatur, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Decatur, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

70%

2017 Homeownership

69.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70% of the housing units in Decatur, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Decatur, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Decatur, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Decatur, IL have a shorter commute time (17.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.28% of the workforce in Decatur, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Decatur, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83%

  2. Carpooled

    9.54%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Decatur, IL was Drove Alone (83%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.54%) and those who Worked At Home (3.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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