Day County, SD

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Population

5,524

1.15% decline

Median Age

48.4


Median Household Income

$43,902

8.01% growth

Poverty Rate

16.5%


Number of Employees

2,776

1.54% growth

Median Property Value

$86,000

2.87% growth

About

In 2017, Day County, SD had a population of 5.52k people with a median age of 48.4 and a median household income of $43,902. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Day County, SD declined from 5,588 to 5,524, a -1.15% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,647 to $43,902, a 8.01% increase.

The population of Day County, SD is 86.3% White Alone, 9.97% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 2.01% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Day County, SD speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Day County, SD is $86,000, and the homeownership rate is 73%. Most people in Day County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Day County, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Day County, SD employs 2.78k people. The largest industries in Day County, SD are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (549 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (370 people), and Retail Trade (329 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($51,786), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,500), and Construction ($45,435).

Median household income in Day County, SD is $43,902. Males in Day County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Day County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,902

2017 value

± $3,177

8.01%

1 Year Growth

± 10.2%

Households in Day County, SD have a median annual income of $43,902, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,647 in 2016, which represents a 8.01% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Day County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Day County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9529

  2. Census Tract 9527

  3. Census Tract 9528

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Day County, SD was Census Tract 9529 with a value of $48,221, followed by Census Tract 9527 and Census Tract 9528, with respective values of $48,077 and $32,328.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Day County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Day County, SD (878 out of 5.34k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    531 ± 97

  2. Native American

    308 ± 75

  3. Hispanic

    35 ± 66

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Day County, SD is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.78k

2017 Value

± 209

1.54%

1 Year growth

± 10.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Day County, SD grew at a rate of 1.54%, from 2.73k employees to 2.78k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Day County, SD, are Management Occupations (515 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (309 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (202 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Day County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Day County, SD, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (515 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (309 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (202 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Day County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.56 times higher than expected), Management Occupations (1.82 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.8 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Day County, SD, by median earnings, are Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($60,357), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($53,906), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($46,724).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.78k

2017 Value

± 209

1.54%

1 Year growth

± 10.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Day County, SD grew at a rate of 1.54%, from 2.73k employees to 2.78k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Day County, SD, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (549 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (370 people), and Retail Trade (329 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Day County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Day County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Day County, SD, by number of employees, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (549 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (370 people), and Retail Trade (329 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Day County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (16.7 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.5 times), and Public Administration (1.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Day County, SD, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($51,786), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,500), and Construction ($45,435).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.8B

  2. $4.58B

  3. $4.53B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.8B, followed by Live animals/fish ($4.58B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.53B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$66.6B

2020 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

38.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Dakota trade was $66.6B. This is expected to increase 38.4% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $8.77B

  2. $2.47B

  3. $2.17B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $8.77B, followed by Iowa with $2.47B and Nebraska and $2.17B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Day County, SD has health coverage, with 33.4% on employee plans, 12% on Medicaid, 17.1% on Medicare, 25.3% on non-group plans, and 1.42% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Day County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Day County, SD see 2770 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.859% decrease from the previous year (2794 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5571 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,770 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Day County, SD see an average of 2,770 patients per year. This represents a 0.859% decrease from the previous year (2,794 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Day County, SD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

33.4%

Employer Coverage

12%

Medicaid

17.1%

Medicare

25.3%

Non-Group

1.42%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Day County, SD declined by 8.23% from 11.7% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Day County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Day County, SD is home to a population of 5.52k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.416% of Day County, SD residents were born outside of the country (23 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Day County, SD is composed of 4.77k White Alone residents (86.3%), 551 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (9.97%), 111 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.01%), 87 Two or More Races residents (1.57%), 7 Asian Alone residents (0.127%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), 0 Black or African American Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

48

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

51

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 11

In 2017, the median age of all people in Day County, SD was 48.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 48, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Day County, SD are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Day County, SD residents was 49.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.416%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

23 people

0.752%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

42 people

As of 2017, 0.416% of Day County, SD residents (23 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Day County, SD was 0.752%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Day County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Day County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Day County, SD was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Day County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    4.77k ± 13

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    551 ± 52

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    111 ± 53.1

In 2017, there were 8.65 times more White Alone residents (4.77k people) in Day County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 551 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 111 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Day County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    197 ± 49

  2. Korea

    82 ± 29

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    60 ± 27

Day County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.4 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Day County, SD was $86,000 in 2017, which is 0.374 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,600 to $86,000, a 2.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Day County, SD is 73%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Day County, SD have an average commute time of 16.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Day County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$86,000

2017 Median

± $4,512

$83,600

2016 Median

± $4,775

In 2017, the median property value in Day County, SD grew to to $86,000 from the previous year's value of $83,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Day County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Day County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $80k - $90k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,902

Median Household Income

± $3,177

2.57k

Number of Households

± 190

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.57k households in Day County, SD grew to $43,902 from the previous year's value of $40,647.

The following chart displays the households in Day County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Day County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Day County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73%

2017 Homeownership

72.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73% of the housing units in Day County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Day County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Day County, SD have a shorter commute time (16.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.92% of the workforce in Day County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Day County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.2%

  2. Worked At Home

    13.2%

  3. Carpooled

    6.34%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Day County, SD was Drove Alone (73.2%), followed by those who Worked At Home (13.2%) and those who Carpooled (6.34%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Day County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Day County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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